The Mughal Influence on Vaisnavism, Part 51

BY: SUN STAFF

Dakhil Darwaza, Malda


Sep 01, 2010 — CANADA (SUN) — A serial presentation of the Mughal effect on Vaisnava society.

Today we complete our presentation of narratives contained in the book, Hindu Temples: What Happened to Them by authors Shourie, Narain, Dubashi, Swarup and Ram Goel, who have done an exceptional job of surveying the long list of temples destroyed by the Muslims ľ and these are only the destroyed temples upon whose ruins Muslim monuments have been constructed. There are thousands more destroyed temple sites that have turned to rubble, then dust, over time.

For this purposes of this Mughal Influence series, we have primarily excerpted material from chapter 10 of the book, entitled "Let the Mute Witnesses Speak", which is but a fraction of the complete book, which is available from Amazon.

In a section entitled "A Preliminary Survey", we find the following prefacing comments, followed by the list:

"We give below, state-wise and district-wise, the particulars of Muslim monuments which stand on the sites and/or have been built with the materials of Hindu temples, and which we wish to recall as witnesses to the role of Islam as a religion and the character of Muslim rule in medieval India. The list is the result of a preliminary survey. Many more Muslim monuments await examination. Local traditions which have so far been ignored or neglected, have to be tapped on a large scale.

We have tried our best to be exact in respect of locations, names and dates of the monuments mentioned. Even so, some mistakes and confusions may have remained. It is not unoften that different sources provide different dates and names for the same monument. Many Muslim saints are known by several names, which creates confusion in identifying their mazars or dargahs. Some districts have been renamed or newly, created and a place which was earlier under one district may have been included in another. We shall be grateful to readers who point out these mistakes so that they can be corrected in our major study. This is only a brief summary."


ANDHRA PRADESH

I. Adilabad District.

Mahur, Masjid in the Fort on the hill. Temple site.


II. Anantpur District.

1. Gooty, Gateway to the Hill Fort. Temple materials used.
2. Kadiri, Jami‘ Masjid.  Temple site.
3. Konakondla, Masjid in the bazar. Temple materials used.
4. Penukonda
(i) Fort. Temple materials used.
(ii) Masjid in the Fort. Converted Temple.
(iii) Sher Khan’s Masjid (1546). Converted Temple.
(iv) Dargah of Babayya. Converted ╬švara Temple.
(v) Jami‘ Masjid (1664-65). Temple site.
(xi) Dargah of Shah Fakbru’d-Din (1293-94). Temple site.
5. Tadpatri
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1695-96). Temple site.
(ii) Idgah completed in 1725-26. Temple site.
6. Thummala, Masjid (1674-75). Temple site.


III. Cuddapah District

1. Cuddapah
(i) Bhap Sahib-ki-Masjid (1692). Temple site.
(ii) Idgah (1717-18). Temple site.
(iii) Bahadur Khan-ki-Masjid (1722-23). Temple site.
(iv) Dargah of Shah Aminu’d-Din Gesu Daraz (1736-37). Temple site.
2. Duvvuru, Masjid. Temple site.
3. Gandikot, Jami‘ Masjid (1690-91). Temple site.
4. Gangapuru, Masjid. Temple site.
5. Gundlakunta, Dastgiri Dargah. Temple site.
6. Gurrumkonda, Fort and several other Muslim buildings. Temple materials used.
7. Jammalmaduguu, Jami‘ Masjid (1794-95). Temple site.
8. Jangalapalle, Dargah of Dastgir Swami. Converted Jangam temple.
9. Siddhavatam
(i) Qutb Shahi Masjid (restored in 1808). Temple materials use.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid (1701). Temple materials used.
(iii) Dargah of Bismillah Khan Qadiri. Temple materials used.
(iv) Fort and Gateways. Temple materials used.
(v) Chowk-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
10. Vutukuru
(i) Masjid at Naligoto. Temple site.
(ii) Masjid at Puttumiyyapeta. Temple site.


IV. East Godavari District.

Bikkavolu, Masjid. Temple materials used.


V. Guntur District.

1. Nizampatnam, Dargah of Shah Haidri (1609). Temple site
2. Vinukonda, Jami‘ Masjid (1640-41). Temple site.


VI. Hyderabad District.

1. Chikalgoda, Masjid (1610). Temple site.
2. Dargah, Dargah of Shah Wali (1601-02). Temple site.
3. Golconda
(i) Jami‘ Masjid on Bala Hissar. Temple site.
(ii) Taramati Masjid. Temple site.
4. Hyderabad
(i) Dargah of Shah Musa Qadiri. Temple site.
(ii) Masjid on the Pirulkonda Hill (1690). Temple site.
(iii) Toli Masjid (1671). Temple materials used.
(iv) Dargah of Mian Mishk (d. 1680). Temple site.
(v) Dargah of Mu’min Chup in Aliyabad (1322-23). Temple site.
(vi) Haji Kamal-ki-Masjid (1657). Temple site.
(vii) Begum Masjid (1593). Temple site.
(viii) Dargah of Islam Khan Naqshbandi. Temple site.
(ix) Dargah of Shah Da‘ud (1369-70). Temple site.
(x) Jami‘ Masjid (1597). Temple site.
4. Maisaram, Masjid built by Aurangzeb from materials of 200 temples demolished after the fall of Golconda.
5. Secunderabad, Qadam RasUl. Temple site.
6. Sheikhpet
(i) Shaikh-ki-Masjid (1633-34). Temple site.
(ii) SaraiwAli Masjid (1678-79). Temple tite.


VII. Karimnagar District.

1. Dharampuri, Masjid (1693). TrikuTa Temple site.
2. Elangdal
(i) Mansur Khan-ki-Masjid (1525). Temple site.
(ii) Alamgiri Masjid (1696). Temple site.
3. Kalesyaram, ├lamgiri Masjid. Temple site.
4. Sonipet, ├lamgiri Masjid. Temple site.
5. Vemalvada, Mazar of a Muslim saint. Temple site.


VIII. Krishna District.

1. Gudimetta, Masjid in the Fort, Temple materials used.
2. Guduru, Jami‘ Masjid (1497). Temple materials used.
3. Gundur, Jami‘ Masjid. Converted temple.
4. Kondapalli

(i) Masjid built in 1482 on the site of a temple after Muhammad Shah BahmanI had slaughtered the Brahmin priests on the advice of Mahmud Gawan, the great Bahmani Prime Minister, who exhorted the sultan to become a Ghazi by means of this pious performance.
(ii) Mazar of Shah Abdul Razzaq. Temple site.

5. Kondavidu
(i) Masjid (1337). Temple materials used.
(ii) Dargah of Barandaula. Temple materials used.
(iii) Qadam Sharif of ├dam. Converted temple.
6. Machhlipatnam
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Idgah. Temple site.
7. Nandigram, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
8. Pedana, Iama‘il-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
9. Rajkonda, Masjid (1484). Temple site.
10. Tengda, Masjid. Temple site.
11. Turkpalem, Dargah of Ghalib Shahid. Temple site.
12. Vadpaili, Masjid near NarsiMhaswamin Temple. Temple materials used.
13. Vijaywada, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.


IX. Kurnool District.

1. Adoni
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1668-69). Materials of several temples used.
(ii) Masjid on the Hill. Temple materials used.
(iii) Fort (1676-77). Temple materials used.
2. Cumbum
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1649). Temple site.
(ii) Gachinala Masjid (1729-30). Temple site.
3. Havli, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple materials used.
4. Karimuddula, Dargah. Akkadevi Temple materials used.
5. Kottakot, Jami‘ Masjid (1501). Temple site.
6. Kurnool
(i) Pir Sahib-ka-Gumbad (1637-38). Temple site.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid (1667). Temple site.
(iii) Lal Masjid (1738-39). Temple site.
7. Pasupala, Kalan Masjid. Temple site.
8. Sanjanmala, Masjid. Temple sites.
9. Siddheswaram, Ashurkhana. Temple materials used.
10. Yadavalli, Mazar and Masjid. Temple sites.
11. Zuhrapur, Dargah of Qadir Shah Bukhari. Temple site.


X. Mahbubnagar District.

1. Alampur, Qala-ki-Masjid. Temple materials used.
2. Jatprole, Dargah of Sayyid Shah Darwish. Temple materials used.
3. Kodangal
(i) Dargah of Hazrat Nizamu’d-DIn. Temple site.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
4. Kundurg, Jami‘ Masjid (1470-71). Temple site.
5. Pargi, Jami‘ Masjid (1460). Temple site.
6. Somasila, Dargah of Kamalu’d-Din Baba (1642-43) Temple site.


XI. Medak District.

1. Andol, Old Masjid. Temple site.
2. Komatur, Old Masjid. Temple site.
3. Medak
(i) Masjid near Mubarak Mahal (1641). VishNu Temple site.
(ii) Fort, Temple materials used.
4. Palat, Masjid. Temple site.
5. Patancheru
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple materials used.
(ii) Dargah of Shykh Ibrahim known as Makhdumji (1583). Temple site.
(iii) Ashrufkhana. Temple site.
(iv) Fort (1698). Temple materials used.


XII. Nalgonda District.

1. Devarkonda
(i) Qutb Shahi Masjid. Temple materials used.
(ii) Dargah of Sharifu’d-Din (1579). Temple site.
(iii) Dargah of Qadir Shah Wali (1591). Temple site.
2. Ghazinagar, Masjid (1576-77). Temple site.
3. Nalgonda
(i) Garhi Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Shah Latif. Temple site.
(iii) Qutb Shahi Masjid (Renovated in 1897). Temple site.
4. Pangal, ├lamgiri Masjid. Temple site.


XIII. Nellore District.

1. Kandukuru, Four Masjids. Temple sites.
2. Nellore, Dargah named Dargamitta. Akkasališvara Temple materials used.
3. Podile, Dargah. Temple site.
4. Udayagiri
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1642-43). Temple materials used.
(ii) Chhoti Masjid (1650-51). Temple materials used.
(iii) Fort. Temple materials used.


XIV. Nizambad District.

1. Balkonda
(i) Patthar-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Idgah. Temple site.
2. Bodhan
(i) Deval Masjid. Converted Jain temple.
(ii) Patthar-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(iii) ├lamgiri Masjid (1654-55). Temple site.
3. Dudki, Ashrufkhana. Temple materials used.
4. Fathullapur, Mu’askari Masjid (1605-06). Temple site.


XV. Osmanabad District.

Ausa, Jami‘ Masjid (1680-81). Temple site.


XVI. Rangareddy District.

Maheshwar, Masjid (1687).  Madanna Pandit’s Temple site.


XVII. Srikakulam District

1. Icchapuram, Several Masjids. Temple sites.
2. Kalingapatnam, DargAh of Sayyid Muhammad Madni Awliya (1619-20). Temple materials used.
3. Srikakulam
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1641- 42). Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Bande Shah Wali (1641- 42). Temple site.
(iii) Atharwali Masjid (1671-72). Temple site.
(iv) Dargah of Burhanu’d-Din Awliya. Temple site.


XVIII. Vishakhapatnam District.

1. Jayanagaram, Dargah. Temple site.
2. Vishakhapatnam, Dargah of Shah Madni. Temple site.


XIX. Warangal District.

Zafargarh, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.


XX. West Godavari District.

1. Eluru
(i) Fort. Temple materials used.
(ii) Sawai Masjid. Converted temple.
(iii) Qazi’s House. Somešvara Temple materials used.
2. Nidavolu, Masjid. Mahadeva Temple materials used.
3. Rajamundri, Jami‘ Masjid (1324). Converted VeNugopalaswamin Temple.
 
 
ASSAM
District Kamrup
Hajo
(i) Poa Masjid (1657). Temple site.
(ii) Mazar of a Muslim saint who styled himself Sultan Ghiyasu’d-Din Balban. Temple site.
 
 
BENGAL

I. Bankura District.

Lokpura, Mazar of Ghazi Ismail. Converted Venugopala temple.


II. Barisal District.

Kasba, Masjid. Temple site.


III. Birbhum District.

1. Moregram, Mazar of Sayyid Baba. Temple materials used.
2. Patharchapuri, Maza of Data, or Mahbub Sahib. Temple site.
3. Rajnagar, Several Old Masjids. Temple sites.
4. Sakulipur, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
5. Siyan, Dargah of Makhdum Shah (1221). Materials of many temples used.


IV. Bogra District.

Mahasthan
(i) Dargah and Masjid of Shah Sultan Mahiswar. Stands on the ruins of a temple.
(ii) Majid on Šiladevi Ghat. Temple materials used.


V. Burdwan District.

1. Inchalabazar, Masjid (1703). Temple site.
2. Kasba, Raja, Masjid. Temple materials used.
3. Kalna
(i) Dargah of Shah Majlis (1491-93). Temple site.
(ii) ShahI Masjid (1533). Temple site.
4. Mangalkot, Jami‘ Masjid (1523-24). Temple site.
5. Raikha, Talab-wali Masjid. Temple site.
6. Suata
(i) Dargah of Sayyid Shah Shahid Mahmud Bahmani. Buddhist Temple materials site.
(ii) Masjid (1502-02). Temple site.


VI. Calcutta District.

Bania Pukur, Masjid built for Alaud-Din Alau’l Haqq (1342). Temple materials used.


VII. Chatgaon District.

Dargah of Badr Makhdum. Converted Buddhist Vihara.


VIII. Dacca District.

1. Dacca
(i) Tomb of Bibi Pari. Temple materials used.
(ii) Saif Khan-ki-Masjid. Converted temple.
(iii) Churihatta Masjid. Temple materials used.
2. Narayanganj, Qadam Rasul Masjid. Temple site.
3. Rampal
(i) Masjid. Converted temple.
(ii) Dargah of Baba. Adam Shahid (1308). Temple materials used.
4. Sonargaon, Old Masjid. Temple materials used.


IX. Dinajpur District.

1. Basu-Bihar, Two Masjids. On the ruins of a Buddhist Vihara.
2. Devatala
(i) Dargah of Shykh Jalalu’d-Din Tabrizi, Suhrawardiyyia sufi credited in Muslim histories with the destruction of many, temples. Temple site.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid (1463). VishNu Temple site.
3. Devikot
(i) Dargah and Masjid of Pir Atau’llah Shah (1203). Temple materials used.
(ii) Dargah of Shah Bukhari. Temple materials used.
(iii) Dargah of Pir Bahau’d-Din. Temple materials used.
(iv) Dargah of Shah Sultan Pir. Temple materials used.
4. Mahisantosh, Dargah and Masjid. On the site of a big VishNu Temple.
5. Nekmard, Mazar of Nekmard Shah. Temple site.


X. Faridpur District.

Faridpzir, Mazar of Farid Shah. Temple site.


XI. Hooghly District.

1. Jangipura, Mazar of Shahid Ghazi. Temple materials used.
2. Pandua
(i) Masjid. Temple materials used.
(ii) Mazar of Shah Safiu’d-Din. Temple site.
(iii) Fath Minar. Temple materials used.
3. Santoshpur, Masjid near Molla Pukur (153-310). Temple site.
4. Satgaon, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple materials used.
5. Tribeni
(i) Zafar Khan-ki-Masjid (1298). Temple materials used.
(ii) Dargah of Zafar Khan. Temple materials used.
(iii) Masjid (1459). Temple site.


XII. Howrah District.

Jangalvilas, Pir Sahib-ki-Masjid. Converted temple.


XIII. Khulna District.

1. Masjidkur
(i) Shat Gumbaz. Temple materials used.
(ii) Mazar of Khanja Ali or Khan Jahan. Temple site.
2. Salkhira, Dargah of Mai Champa. Temple materials used.


XIV. Malda District.

1. Gangarampur
(i) Dargah of Shah Ata. Šiva Temple site.
(ii) Masjid on the river bank (1249). Temple site.

2. Gaur, Muslim city built on the site and with the ruins of LakshmaNavati, Hindu capital destroyed by the Muslims at the end of the twelfth century A.D. Temple materials have been used in the following monuments:

(i) Chhoti Sona Masjid.
(ii) Qadam Rasul Masjid (1530)
(iii) Tantipara Masjid (1480)
(iv) Lattan Masjid (1475)
(v) Badi Sona Masjid (1526)
(vi) Dargah of Makhadum Akhi Siraj Chishti, disciple of Nizamu’d-Din Awliya of Delhi (1347)
(vii) Darsbari or College of Theology.
(viii) Astana of Shah Niamatu’llah.
(ix) Chamkatti Masjid (1459).
(x) Chikka Masjid.
(xi) Gunmant Masjid.  Converted temple.
(xii) Dakhil Darwaza.
(xiii) Kotwali Darwaza.
(xiv) Firuz Minar.
(xv) ChaNDipur Darwaza.
(xvi) Baraduari Masjid.
(xvii) Lukachuri Masjid.
(xviii) Gumti Darwaza.
3. Malda
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1566). Temple materials used.
(ii) Sak Mohan Masjid (1427). Temple site.

4. Pandua, Another Muslim city built with the ruins of LakshmaNavati. Temple materials have been used in the following monuments.

(i) ├dina Masjid (1368)
(ii) Yaklakhi Masjid.
(iii) Chheh Hazari or Dargah of Nur Qutb-i-├lam (1415).
(iv) Bais Hazari or Khanqah of Jalalu’d-Din Tabrizi (1244).
(v) Sona Masjid.
(vi) Barn-like Masjid.
(vii) Qadam Rasul.


XV. Midnapur District.

1. Gagneswar, Karambera Garh Masjid (1509). Šiva Temple site.
2. Hijli, Masnad-i-├la-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
3. Kesiari, Masjid (1622). Mahadeva Temple materials used.
4. Kharagpur, Mazar of Pir Lohani. Temple site.


XVI. Murshidabad District.

1. Chuna Khali, Barbak-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
2. Murshidabad, Temple materials have been used in the following monuments:
(i) Katra Masjid.
(ii) Motijhil Lake Embankments.
(iii) Sangi Dalan.
(iv) Mahal Sara‘.
(v) Alivardi Khan-ki-Masjid.
(vi) Hazarduari Mahal.
3. Rangamati, Dargah on the Rakshasi DaNga. Stands on the ruins of a Buddhist Vihara.


XVII. Noakhali District.

Begamganj, Bajra Masjid. Converted temple.


XVIII. Pabna District.

Balandu, Madrasa. Converted Buddhist Vihara.


XIX. Rajshahi District.

1. Bhaturia, Masjid. Šiva Temple materials used.
2. Kumarpura, Mazar of Mukarram Shah. Converted temple.
3. Kusumbha, Old Masjid (1490-93). Constructed entirely of temple materials.


XX. Rangpur District.

Kamatpur
(i) BaDa Dargah of Shah Ismail Ghazi. Temple site.
(ii) Idgah on a mound one mile away. Temple materials used.


XXI. Sylhet District.

1. Baniyachung, Famous Masjid. Temple site.
2. Sylhet
(i) Masjid of Shah Jalal. Temple site.
(ii) Mazars of Shah Jalal and many of his disciples. Temple sites.


XXII. 24-Parganas District.

1. Barasat, Mazar of Pir Ekdil Sahib. Temple site.
2. Berchampa, Dargah of Pir GorachaNd. Temple site.
 
 
BIHAR

I. Bhagalpur District.

1. Bhagalpur
(i) Dargah of Hazrat Shahbaz (1502). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid of Mujahidpur (1511-15). Temple site.
(iii) Dargah of Makhdum Shah (1615). Temple site.
2. Champanagar
(i) Several Mazars. On ruins of Jain temples.
(ii) Masjid (1491). Jain Temple site.
3. Sultanganj, Masjid on the rock on the river bank. Temple site.


II. Gaya District.

1. Amthua, Masjid (1536). Temple site.
2. Gaya, Shahi Masjid in Nadirganj (1617). Temple site.
3. Kako, Dargah of Bibi Kamalo. Temple site.


III. Monghyr District.

1. Amoljhori, Muslim Graveyard. VishNu Temple site.
2. Charuanwan, Masjid (1576). Temple site.
3. Kharagpur
(i) Masjid (1656-57). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid (1695-96). Temple site.
4. Monghyr
(i) Fort Gates. Temple materials used.
(ii) Dargah of Shah Nafa‘ Chishti (1497-98). Temple site.


IV. Muzaffarpur District.

Zaruha, MamuN-BhaNja-ka-Mazar. Temple materials used.


V. Nalanda District.

1. Biharsharif, Muslim capital built after destroying UdaNDapura which had a famous Buddhist Vihara. Most of the Muslim monuments were built on the site and from materials of temples. The following are some of them:
(i) Dargah of Makhdumu’l Mulk Sharifu’d-Din. (d. 1380).
(ii) BaDa Dargah.
(iii) Chhota Dargah.
(iv) Baradari.
(v) Dargah of Shah Fazlu’llah GosaiN.
(iv) Mazar of Malik Ibrahim Bayyu on Pir PahaDi.
(vii) Kabiriu’d-Din-ki-Masjid (1353).
(viii) Mazar of Sayyid Muhammad Siwistani.
(ix) Chhota Takiya containing the Mazar of Shah Diwan Abdul Wahhab.
(x) Dargah of Shah Qumais (1359-60).
(xi) Masjid in Chandpur Mahalla.
(xii) Jami‘ Masjid in Paharpur Mahalla.
2. Parbati, Dargah of Haji Chandar or ChaNd Saudagar. Temple materials used.
3. Shaikhupura, Dargah of Shykh Sahib. Temple materials used.


VI. Patna District.

1. Hilsa
(i) Dargah of Shah Jumman Madariyya (repaired in 1543). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid. (1604-05). Temple site.
2. Jana, Jami‘ Masjid (1539). Temple site.
3. Kailvan, Dargah and Masjid. Temple site.
4. Maner, All Muslim monuments stand on temple sites. The following are prominent among them:
(i) BaDa Dargah of Sultanu’l Makhdum Shah Yahya Maneri.
(ii) Dargah of Makhdum Daulat Shah.
(iii) Jami‘ Masjid.
(iv) Mazar of Haji Nizamu’d-Din.
5. Muhammadpur, Jami‘ Masjid (1510-11). Temple site.
6. Patna
(i) Patthar-ki-Masjid (1626). Temple materials used.
(ii) Begu Hajjam-ki-Masjid (1510-11). Temple materials used.
(iii) Muslim Graveyard outside the Qiladari. On the ruins of Buddhist Viharas.
(iv) Dargah of Shah Mir Mansur. On the ruins of a Buddhist Stupa.
(v) Dargah of Shah Arzani. On the site of a Buddhist Vihara.
(vi) Dargah of Pir Damariya. On the site of a Buddhist Vihara.
(vii) Mirza Masum-ki-Masjid (1605). Temple materials used.
(viii) Meetan Ghat-ki-Masjid (1605). Temple site.
(ix) Katra Masjid of Shaista Khan. Temple site.
(x) Khwaja Ambar Masjid (1688-89). Temple site.
(xi) Babuganj Masjid (1683-86). Temple site.
(xii) Sher-Shahi Masjid near Purab Darwaza. Temple site.
(xiii) Chamni Ghat-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
7. Phulwarisharif
(i) Dargah of Shah Pashminaposh. Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Minhaju’d-Din Rasti. Temple site.
(iii) Dargah of Lal Mian. Temple site.
(iv) Sangi Masjid (1549-50). Temple site.


VII. Purnea District.

1. Hadaf, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
2. Puranea, Masjid in Keonlpura. Temple site.


VIII. Saran District.

1. Chirand, Masjid (1503-04). Temple site.
2. Narhan, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
3. Tajpur-Basahi Mazar of Khwaja Badshah. Temple materials used.


IX. Shahabad District.

1. Rohtasgarh
(i) Masjid of Aurangzeb. Part of a temple converted.
(ii) Mazar of Saqi Sultan. Temple site.
2. Sasaram, Mazar of Chandan Shahid Pir. Temple site.


X. Vaishali District.

1. Amer, Mazar of Pir Qattal. Temple materials used.
2. Chehar
(i) Fort. Temple materials used.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple materials used.
3. Hajipur
(i) Haji Ilyas-ki- Masjid. Converted temple.
(ii) Dargah of Barkhurdar Awliya. Temple site.
(iii) Dargah of Pir Shattari. Temple site.
(iv) Dargah of Hajiu’l Harmain. Temple site.
(v) Dargah of Pir Jalalu’d-Din. Temple site.
4. Basarh
(i) DargAh of Pir Miran. On top of a Buddhist Stupa.
(ii) Mazar of Shykh Muhammad Faizu’llah Ali alias Qazin Shattari. Temple site.
(iii) Graveyard. Many tombs built with temple materials.
(iv) Masjid. Temple site.


XI. District to be determined.

1. Hasanpura, Mazar of Makhdum Hasan. On the site of a Buddhist Stupa,
2. Jhangira, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
 
 
DELHI

Islamic invaders destroyed the Hindu cities of Indarpat and Dhillika with their extensive suburbs and built seven cities successively. The following Muslim monuments stand on the site of Hindu temples; temple materials can be seen in some of them.

I. Mehrauli

1. Quwwatu’l Islam Masjid (1198).
2. Qutb Minar.
3. Maqbara of Shamsu’d-Din Iltutmish (1235.)
4. Dargah of Shykh Qutbu’d-Din Bakhtyar Kaki (d. 1236).
5. Jahaz Mahal.
6. AlaI Darwaza.
7. AlaI Minar.
8. Madrasa and Maqbara of Alau’d-Din Khalji.
9. Maqbara of Ghiyau’d-Din Balban.
10. Masjid and Mazar of Shykh Fazlu’llah known as Jamali-Kamali.
11. MaDhi Masjid.


II. Sultan Ghari

Maqbara of Nasiru’d-Din, son of Sultan Shamsu’d-Din Iltutmish (1231).


III. Palam

Babri (Ghazanfar) Masjid (1528-29).


IV. Begumpur

1. Masjid.
2. Bijai Mandal.
3. Kalu Sarai-ki-Masjid.
4. Mazar of Shykh Najibu’d-Din Mutwakkal Chishti (d. 1272).


V. Tughlaqabad

Maqbara of Ghiyasu’d-Din Tughlaq.


VI. Chiragh-Delhi

1. Dargah of Shykh Nasiru’d-Din Chiragh-i-Dehli (d. 1356).
2. Maqbara of Bahlul Lodi.


VII. Nizamu’d-DIn

1. Dargah and Jama‘t-Khana Masjid of Shykh Nizamu’d-Din Awliya (d. 1325).
2. Kalan Masjid.
3. ChauNsaTh-Khamba.
4. Maqbara of Khan-i-Jahan Tilangani.
5. Chilla of Nizam’d-Din Awliya.
6. Lal Mahal.


VIII. Hauz Khas

1. Maqbara and Madrasa of Firuz Shah Tughlaq.
2. Dadi-Poti-ka-Maqbara.
3. Biran-ka-Gumbad.
4. Chhoti and Sakri Gumti.
5. Nili Masjid (1505-06).
6. Idgah (1404-00).
7. Bagh-i-├lam-ka-Gumbad (1501).
8. Mazar of Nuru’d-Din Mubarak Ghaznawi (1234-35).


IX. Malviyanagar

1. Lal Gumbad or the Mazar of Shykh Kabiru’d-Din Awliya (1397).
2. Mazar of Shykh Alau’d-Din (1507).
3. Mazar of Shykh Yusuf Qattal (d. 1527).
4. Khirki Masjid.


X. Lodi Gardens

1. Maqbara of Muhammad Shah.
2. BaDa Gumbad Masjid (1494).
3. Shish Gumbad.
4. Maqbara of Sikandar Lodi.


XI. Purana Qila

1. Sher Shah Gate.
2. Qala-i-Kuhna Masjid.
3. Khairu’l Manzil Masjid.


XII. Shahjahanabad

1. Kali Masjid at Turkman Gate.
2. Maqbara of Razia Sultan.
3. Jami‘ Masjid on Bhojala PahaDi.
4. Ghata or Zainatu’l Masjid.
5. Dargah of Shah Turkman (1240).


XIII. Ramakrishnapuram

1. Tin Burji Maqbara.
2. Malik Munir-ki-Masjid.
3. Wazirpur-ka-Gumbad.
4. Munda Gumbads.
5. Bara-Lao-ka-Gumbad.
6. Barje-ka-Gumbad.


XIV. The Ridge

1. Malcha Mahal,
2. Bhuli Bhatiyari-ka-Mahal.
3. Qadam Sharif.
4. Chauburza Masjid.
5. Pir Ghaib.


XV. Wazirabad

Masjid and Mazar of Shah ├lam.


XVI. South Extension
1. Kale Khan-ka-Gumbad.
2. Bhure Khan-ka-Gumbad.
3. Chhote Khan-ka-Gumbad.
4. BaDe Khan-ka-Gumbad.

XVII. Other Areas

1. Maqbara of Mubarak Shah in Kotla Mubarakpur.
2. Kushk Mahal in Tin Murti.
3. Sundar Burj in Sundarnagar.
4. Jami‘ Masjid in Kotla Firuz Shah.
5. Abdu’n-Nabi-ki-Masjid near Tilak Bridge.
6. Maqbara of Raushanara Begum.
 
 
DIU
Jami‘ Masjid (1404). Temple site.
 
 
GUJARAT

I. Ahmadabad District.

1. Ahmadabad, Materials of temples destroyed at Asaval, Patan and Chandravati were used in the building of this Muslim city and its monuments. Some of the monuments are listed below :
(i) Palace and Citadel of Bhadra.
(ii) Ahmad Shah-ki-Masjid in Bhadra.
(iii) Jami‘ Masjid of Ahmad Shah.
(iv) Haibat Khan-ki-Masjid.
(v) Rani Rupmati-ki-Masjid.
(vi) Rani Bai Harir-ki-Masjid.
(vii) Malik SaraNg-ki-Masjid.
(viii) Mahfuz Khan-ki-Masjid.
(ix) Sayyid ├lam-ki-Masjid.
(x) Pattharwali or Qutb Shah-ki-Masjid.
(xi) Sakar Khan-ki-Masjid.
(xii) Baba Lulu-ki-Masjid.
(xiii) Shykh Hasan Muhammad Chishti-ki-Masjid.
(xiv) Masjid at Isanpur.
(xv) Masjid and Mazar of Malik Sha‘ban.
(xvi) Masjid and Mazar of Rani Sipri (Sabarai).
(xvii) Masjid and Mazar of Shah ├lam at Vatva.
(xviii) Maqbara of Sultan Ahmad Shah I.
2. Dekwara, Masjid (1387). Temple site.
3. Dholka
(i) Masjid and Mazar of Bahlol Khan Ghazi. Temple site.
(ii) Mazar of Barkat Shahid (1318). Temple site.
(iii) Tanka or Jami‘ Masjid (1316). Temple materials used.
(iv) Hillal Khan Qazi-ki-Masjid (1333). Temple materials used.
(v) Khirni Masjid (1377). Converted Bavan Jinalaya Temple.
(vi) Kali Bazar Masjid (1364). Temple site.
4. Isapur, Masjid. Temple site.
5. Mandal
(i) Sayyid-ki-Masjid (1462). Temple site.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
6. Paldi, Patthar-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
7. Ranpur, Jami‘ Masjid (1524-25). Temple site.
8. Sarkhej
(i) Dargah of Shykh Ahmad Khattu Ganj Baksh (d. 1445). Temple materials used.
(ii) Maqbara of Sultan Mahmud BegaDa. Temple materials used.
9. Usmanpur, Masjid and Mazar of Sayyid Usman. Temple site.


II. Banaskantha District.

1. Haldvar, Mazar of Lun Shah and Gujar Shah. Temple site.
2. Halol
(i) Ek Minar-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) PaNch MuNhDa-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(iii) Jami‘ Masjid (1523-24). Temple site.
3. Malan, Jami‘ Masjid (1462). Temple materials used.


III. Baroda District.

1. Baroda
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1504-05) Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Pir Amir Tahir with its Ghazi Masjid. Temple site.
(iii) Mazar of Pir GhoDa (1421-23). Temple site.
2. Dabhoi
(i) Dargah of PaNch Bibi. Temple materials used.
(ii) Mazar of Mai Dhokri. Temple materials used.
(iii) Fort. Temple materials used.
(iv) Hira, Baroda, MabuDa and NandoDi Gates. Temple materials used.
(v) MahuNDi Masjid. Temple materials used.
3. Danteshwar, Mazar of Qutbu’d-Din. Temple site.
4. Sankheda, Masjid (1515-16). Temple site.


IV. Bharuch District.

1. Amod, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple materials used.
2. Bharuch
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1321). Brahmanical and Jain temple materials used.
(ii) Ghaznavi Masjid (1326). Temple site.
(iii) Idgah (1326). Temple site.
(iv) ChunawaDa Masjid (1458). Temple site.
(v) Qazi-ki-Masjid (1609). Temple site.
(vi) Mazar of Makhdum Sharifu’d-Din (1418). Temple site.
3. Jambusar, Jami‘ Masjid (1508-09). Temple site.
4. Tankaria, BaDi or Jami‘ Masjid (1453). Temple site.


V. Bhavnagar District.

1. Botad, Mazar of Pir Hamir Khan. Temple site.
2. Tolaja, Idgah and Dargah of Hasan Pir. Temple site.
3. Ghoda, Masjid (1614). Temple site.


VI. Jamnagar District.

1. Amran, Dargah of Dawal Shah. Temple materials used.
2. Bet Dwarka, Dargah of Pir Kirmani. Temple site.
3. Dwarka, Masjid (1473). Temple site.


VII. Junagarh District.

1. Junagarh
(i) BorwaD Masjid (1470). Temple site.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid in Uparkot. Jain Temple site.
(iii) Masjid at Mai GaDhechi. Converted Jain temple.
2. Loliyana, Dargah of Madar Shah. Temple site.
3. Kutiana, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
4. Mangrol
(i) Rahmat Masjid. Temple materials used.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid (1382-83). Temple materials used.
(iii) JunI Jail-ki-Masjid (1385-86). Temple site.
(iv) Revali Masjid (1386-87). Temple materials used.
(v) Masjid at Bandar. Temple materials used.
(vi) Dargah near Revali Masjid. Temple materials used.
(vii) Mazar of Sayyid Sikandar alias Makhdum Jahaniya (1375). Temple materials used.
(viii) GaDhi Gate. Temple materials used.
5. Somnath Patan
(i) Bazar Masjid (1436). Temple site.
(ii) Chandni Masjid (1456). Temple site.
(iii) Qazi-ki-Masjid (1539). Temple site.
(iv) PathanwaDi Masjid (1326). Temple site.
(v) Muhammad Jamadar-ki-Masjid (1420). Temple site.
(vi) MiThashah Bhang-ki-Masjid (1428). Temple site.
(vii) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple materials used.
(viii) Masjid made out of the SomanAtha Temple of Kumarapala.
(ix) Masjid at the back of the Somanatha Temple. Converted temple.
(x) Mota Darwaza. Temple materials used.
(xi) Maipuri Masjid on the way to Veraval. Temple materials used.
(xii) Dargah of Mangluri Shah near Maipuri Masjid. Temple materials used.
(xiii) Shahid Mahmud-ki-Masjid (1694). Temple site.
6. Vanasthali, Jami‘ Masjid. Converted VAmana Temple.
7. Veraval
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1332). Temple site.
(ii) Nagina Masjid (1488). Temple site.
(iii) Chowk Masjid. Temple site.
(iv) MaNDvi Masjid. Temple site.
(v) Mazar of Sayyid Ishaq or Maghribi Shah. Temple site.
(vi) Dargah of Muhammad bin Haji Gilani. Temple site.


VIII. Kachchh District.

1. Bhadreshwar
(i) Solakhambi Masjid. Jain Temple materials used.
(ii) ChhoTi Masjid. Jain Temple materials used.
(iii) Dargah of Pir Lal Shahbaz. Jain Temple materials used.
2. Bhuj
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Gumbad of Baba Guru. Temple site.
3. Munra or MunDra, Seaport built from the materials of Jain temples of Bhadreshwar which were demolished by the Muslims; its Safed Masjid which can be seen from afar was built from the same materials.


IX. Kheda District.

1. Kapadwani
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1370-71). Temple site.
(ii) Sam Shahid-ki-Masjid (1423). Temple site.
2. Khambhat
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1325). Jain Temple materials used.
(ii) Masjid in Qaziwara (1326). Temple site.
(iii) Masjid in Undipet (1385). Temple site.
(iv) Sadi-i-Awwal Masjid (1423). Temple site.
(v) Fujra-ki-Masjid (1427). Temple site.
(vi) Mazar of Umar bin Ahmad Kazruni. Jain Temple materials used.
(vii) Mazar of Qabil Shah. Temple site.
(viii) Mazar of Shykh Ali Jaulaqi known as Parwaz Shah (1498). Temple site.
(ix) Mazar of Shah Bahlol Shahid. Temple site.
(x) Maqbara of Ikhtiyaru’d-Daula (1316). Temple site.
(xi) IdgAh (1381-82). Temple site.
3. Mahuda, Jami‘ Masjid (1318). Temple site.
4. Sojali, Sayyid Mubarak-ki-Masjid. Temple site.


X. Mehsana District.

1. Kadi
(i) Masjid (1384). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid (1583). Temple site.
2. Kheralu, Jami‘ Masjid (1409-10). Temple site.
3. Modhera, Rayadi Masjid. Temple site.
4. Munjpur, Jami‘ Masjid (1401-02). Temple site.
5. Patan
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1357). Temple materials used.
(ii) Phuti Mahalla or Pinjar Kot-ki-Masjid (1417). Temple site.
(iii) Bazar-ki-Masjid (1490). Temple site.
(iv) Masjid in a field that was the Sahasralinga Talav. Temple materials used.
(v) Masjid and Dargah of Makhdum Husamu’d-Din Chishti, disciple of Shykh Nizamu’d-Din Awliya of Delhi. Temple materials used.
(vi) GumDa Masjid (1542). Temple site.
(vii) RangrezoN-ki-Masjid (1410-11). Temple site.
(viii) Dargah of Shykh Muhammad Turk Kashgari (1444-45). Temple site.
(ix) Dargah of Shykh Farid. Converted temple.
6. Sami, Jami‘ Masjid (1404). Temple site.
7. Sidhpur, Jami‘ Masjid. Built on the site and with the materials of the Rudra-mahalaya Temple of Siddharaja JayasiMha.
8. Una, Dargah of Hazrat Shah Pir. Temple site.
9. Vijapur
(i) Kalan Masjid (1369-70). Temple site.
(ii) Mansuri Masjid. Temple site.


XI. Panch Mahals District.

1. Champaner
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1524). Temple site.
(ii) Bhadra of Mahmud BegDa. Temple site.
(iii) Shahr-ki-Masjid.  Temple site.
2. Godhra, Masjid. Temple site.
3. Pavagadh
(i) Masjid built on top of the Devi Temple.
(ii) PaNch MuNhDa Masjid. Temple site.
(iii) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site,
4. Rayania, Masjid (1499-1500). Temple site.


XII. Rajkot District.

1. Jasdan, Dargah of Kalu Pir. Temple materials used.
2. Khakhrechi
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Kamal Shah Pir. Temple site.
3. Mahuva, Idgah (1418). Temple site.
4. Malia, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
5. Morvi, Masjid (1553). Temple site.
6. Santrampur, Masjid (1499-1500). Temple site.


XIII. Sabarkantha District.

1. Hersel, Masjid (1405). Temple site.
2. Himmatnagar, Moti-Mohlat Masjid in Nani Vorwad (1471). Temple site.
3. Prantij
(i) Fath or Tekrewali Masjid (1382). Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Sikandar Shah Shahid (d. 1418). Temple materials used.


XIV.  Surat District.

1. Navasari
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1340). Temple site.
(ii) Shahi Masjid. Temple site.
2. Rander, The Jains who predominated in this town were expelled by Muslims and all temples of the former were converted into mosques. The following mosques stand on the site of and/or are constructed with materials from those temples:
(i) Jami‘ Masjid.
(ii) Nit Nauri Masjid.
(iii) Mian-ki-Masjid.
(iv) Kharwa Masjid.
(v) Munshi-ki-Masjid.
3. Surat
(i) Mirza Sami-ki-Masjid (1336). Temple site.
(ii) Nau Sayyid Sahib-ki-Masjid and the nine Mazars on Gopi Talav in honour of nine Ghazis. Temple sites.
(iii) Fort built in the reign of Farrukh Siyar. Temple materials used.
(iv) Gopi Talav (1718). Temple materials used.
4. Tadkeshwar, Jami‘ Masjid (1513-14). Temple site.


XV. Surendranagar District.

1. Sara, DarbargaDh-ki-Masjid (1523). Temple site.
2. Vad Nagar, Masjid (1694). Stands on the site of the Hatakešvara Mahadeva temple.
3. Wadhwan, Jami‘ Masjid (1439). Temple site.
 
 
HARYANA

I. Ambala District.

1. Pinjor, Temple materials have been used in the walls and buildings of the Garden of Fidai Khan.
2. Sadhaura
(i) Masjid built in Khalji times. Temple materials used.
(ii) Two Masjids built in the reign of Jahangir. Temple materials used.
(iii) QazioN-ki-Masjid (1640). Temple site.
(iv) Abdul Wahab-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(v) Dargah of Shah Qumais. Temple site.


II. Faridabad District.

1. Faridabad, Jami‘ Masjid (1605). Temple site.
2. Nuh, Masjid (1392-93). Temple materials used.
3. Palwal
(i) Ikramwali or Jami‘ Masjid (1221). Temple materials used.
(ii) Idgah (1211). Temple material Is used.
(iii) Mazar of Sayyid Chiragh. Temple site.
(iv) Mazar of Ghazi Shihabu’d-Din. Temple site.
(v) Mazar of Sayyid Warah. Temple site.


III. Gurgaon District.

1. Bawal, Masjid (1560). Temple site.
2. Farrukhnagar, Jami‘ Masjid (1276). Temple site.
3. Sohna
(i) Masjid (1561). Temple site.
(ii) Mazars known as Kala and Lal Gumbad. Temple sites.


IV. Hissar District.

1. Barwala, Masjid (1289). Temple site.
2. Fatehabad
(i) Idgah of Tughlaq times. Temple materials used.
(ii) Masjid built by Humanyun (1539). Temple site.
3. Hansi
(i) Idgah built in the reign of Shamsu’d-Din Iltutmish. Temple site.
(ii) JulahoN-ki-Masjid built in the same reign. Temple site.
(iii) Bu Ali Baksh Masjid (1226). Temple site.
(iv) ├dina Masjid (1336). Temple site.
(v) Masjid in the Fort (1192). Temple site.
(vi) Shahid-Ganj Masjid. Temple site.
(vii) Humayun-ki-Masjid. Temple materials used.
(viii) Dargah of Niamatu’llah Wali with adjascent Baradari. Temple materials used.
(ix) Dargah of Bu Ali Qalandar (1246). Temple site.
(x) Dargah of Shykh Jalalu’d-Din Haqq (1303). Temple site.
(xi) Dargah of Mahammad Jamil Shah. Temple site.
(xii) Dargah of Wilayat Shah Shahid (1314). Temple site.
(xiii) Chahar Qutb and its Jami‘ Masjid. Temple materials used.
(xiv) Fort and City Gates. Temple materials used.
4. Hissar, This city was built by Firuz Shah Tughlaq with temple materials brought mostly from Agroha which had been destroyed by Muhammad Ghuri in 1192.
(i) Lat-ki-Masjid. Temple materials used.
(ii) Humayun’s Jami‘ Masjid (1535). Temple site.
(iii) Masjid and Mazar of Bahlul Lodi. Temple site.
(iv) Humayun’s Masjid outside Delhi Gate (1533). Temple site.
(v) Dargah of Baba Pran Pir Padshah. Temple materials used.
(vi) Fort of Firuz Shah Tughlaq. Temple materials used.
(vii) Jahaz Mahal. Converted Jain Temple.
(viii) Gujari Mahal. Temple materials used.
5. Sirsa
(i) Masjid in the Mazar of Imam Nasir (1277). Temple materials used.
(ii) Babari Masjid in the Sarai (1530). Temple site.
(iii) QazIzada-ki-Masjid (1540). Temple site.


V. Karnal District.

Panipat
(i) Masjid opposite the Mazar of Bu Ali Qalandar’s mother (1246). Temple site.
(ii) Babari Masjid in Kabuli Bagh (1528-29). Temple site.
(iii) Mazar of Shykh Jalalu’d-Din (1499). Temple site.
(iv) Mazar of Bu Ali Qalandar (1660). Temple site.


VI. Kurukshetra District.

1. Kaithal
(i) Dargah of Shykh Salahu’d-Din Abu’l Muhammad of Balkh (d. 1246). Temple materials used.
(ii) Shah Wilayat-ki-Masjid (1657-58). Temple site.
(iii) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple materials used.
(iv) Madrasa. Temple materials used.
2. Kurukshetra, Madrasa on the Tila. Temple site.
3. Thanesar
(i) Dargah and Madrasa of Shykh Chilli or Chehali Bannuri. Temple materials used.
(ii) Patharia Masjid near Harsh-ka-Tila. Temple materials used.
(iii) Chiniwali Masjid. Temple materials used.


VII.  Mahendergarh District.

Narnaul, Mazar of Pir Turk Shahid or Shah Wilayat (d. 1137). Temple site.


VIII. Rohtak District.

1. Jhajjar, Kali Masjid (1397). Temple site.
2. Maham,
(i) PirzadoN-ki-Masjid built in Babar’s reign (1529). Temple site.
(ii) Humayun’s Jami‘ Masjid (1531). Temple site.
(iii) QasaiyoN-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(iv) Masjid (1669). Temple site.
(v) Daulat Khan-ki-Masjid (1696). Temple site.
3. Rohtak
(i) Dini Masjid (1309). Temple materials used.
(ii) Masjid in the Fort (1324). Temple site.
(iii) Babar’s Masjid-i-Khurd (1527-28). Temple site.
(iv) Babar’s RajputoN-ki-Masjid. (1528). Temple site.
(v) Second or Humayun’s Masjid in the Fort (1538). Temple site.
(vi) Masjid at Gokaran (1558). Temple site.
(vii) DogroN Wali Masjid (1571). Temple site.
(viii) Mast Khan-ki-Masjid (1558-59) Temple site.


IX. Sonepat District.

1. Gohana, Dargah of Shah Ziau’d-Din Muhammad. Temple site.
2. Sonepat
(i) Masjid and Mazar of Imam Nasir (renovated in 1277). Temple site.
(ii) Babar’s ShykhzadoN-ki-Masjid (1530). Temple site.
(iii) Mazar of Khwaja Khizr. Temple site.
(iv) Humayun's Masjid (1538). Temple site.
 
 
HIMACHAL PRADESH
Kangra, Jahangiri Gate. Temple materials used.
 
 
KARNATAKA

I. Bangalore District.

1. Dodda-Ballapur, Dargah of Muhiu’d-Din Chishti of Ajodhan (d. 1700). Temple materials used.
2. Hoskot
(i) Dargah of Saballi Sahib. Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Qasim Sahib. Converted temple.


II. Belgaum District.

1. Belgaum
(i) Masjid-i-Safa in the Fort (1519). Temple site.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid (1585-86). Temple site.
(iii) Mazar of Badru’d-Din Shah in the Fort (1351-52). Temple site.
2. Gokak, Masjid. Temple site.
3. Hukeri
(i) Man Sahib-ki-Dargah (1567-68). Temple site.
(ii) Kali Masjid (1584). Temple materials used.
4. Kudachi
(i) Dargah of Makhdum Shah Wali. Temple site.
(ii) Mazar of Shykh Muhammad Siraju’d-Din Pirdadi. Temple site.
5. Madbhavi, Masjid. Šiva Temple materials used.
6. Raibag, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site,
7. Sampgaon, Masjid. Temple site.


III. Bellary District.

1. Bellary, Masjid built by Tipu Sultan (1789-90). Temple site.
2. Hampi, Masjid and Idgah in the ruins of Vijayanagar. Temple materials used.
3. Hospet, Masjid in Bazar Street built by Tipu Sultan (1795-96). Temple site.
4. Huvinhadgalli, Fort. Temple materials used.
5. Kanchagarabelgallu, Dargah of Husain Shah. Temple site.
6. Kudtani, Dargah. Durgešvara Temple materials used.
7. Sandur, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
8. Siruguppa, Lad Khan Masjid (1674). Temple site.
9. Sultanpuram, Masjid on the rock. Temple site.


IV. Bidar District.

1. Bidar, Ancient Hindu city transformed into a Muslim capital. The following monuments stand on temple sites and/or temple materials have been used in their construction:
(i) Sola Khamba Masjid (1326-27).
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid of the Bahmanis.
(iii) Mukhtar Khan-ki-Masjid (1671).
(iv) Kali Masjid (1694).
(v) Masjid west of Kali Masjid (1697-98).
(vi) Farrah-Bagh Masjid, 3 km outside the city (1671).
(vii) Dargah of Hazrat Khalilu’llah at Ashtur (1440).
(viii) Dargah of Shah Shamsu’d-Din Muhammad Qadiri known as Multani Padshah.
(ix) Dargah of Shah Waliu’llah-al-Husaini.
(x) Dargah of Shah Zainu’l-Din Ganj Nishin.
(xi) Dargah and Masjid of Mahbub Subhani.
(xii) Mazar of Ahmad Shah Wali at Ashtur (1436).
(xiii) Mazar of Shah Abdul Aziz (1484).
(xiv) Takht Mahal.
(xv) Gagan Mahal.
(xvi) Madrasa of Mahmud Gawan.
2. Chandpur, Masjid (1673-74). Temple site.
3. Chillergi, Jami‘ Masjid (1381). Temple site.
4. Kalyani, Capital of the Later Chalukyas. All their temples were either demolished or converted into mosques.
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1323). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid (1406). Temple site.
(iii) Masjid in Mahalla Shahpur (1586-87). Temple site.
(iv) Dargah of Maulana Yaqub. Temple site.
(v) Dargah of Sayyid Pir Pasha. Temple site.
(vi) Fort Walls and Towers. Temple materials used.
(vii) Nawab’s Bungalow. Temple materials used.
5. Kohir
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Dargahs of two Muslim saints. Temple sites.
6. Shahpur, Masjid (1586-87). Temple site.
7. Udbal, Jami‘ Masjid (1661-62). Temple site.


V. Bijapur District.

1. Afzalpur, Mahal Masjid. Trikuta Temple materials used.
2. Badami, Second Gateway of the Hill Fort. VishNu Temple materials used.
3. Bekkunal, Dargah outside the village. Temple materials used.
4. Bijapur, Ancient Hindu city transformed into a Muslim capital. The following monuments are built on temple sites and/or temple materials have been used in their construction:
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1498-99).
(ii) Karimu’d-Din-ki-Masjid in the ├rk (1320-21).
(iii) ChhoTa Masjid on way to Mangoli Gate.
(iv) Khwaja Sambal-ki-Masjid (1522-13).
(v) Makka Masjid.
(vi) AnDu Masjid.
(vii) Zangiri Masjid.
(viii) Bukhara Masjid (1536-37).
(ix) Dakhini Idgah (1538-39).
(x) Masjid and Rauza of Ibrahim II Adil Shah (1626).
(xi) Gol Gumbaz or the Rauza of Muhammad Adil Shah.
(xii) JoD-Gumbad.
(xiii) Nau-Gumbad.
(xiv) Dargah of Shah Musa Qadiri.
(xv) Gagan Mahal.
(xvi) Mihtar Mahal.
(xvii) Asar Mahal.
(xvii) Anand Mahal and Masjid (1495).
(xviii) Sat Manzil.
(xix) ├rk or citadel.
(xx) Mazar of Pir Ma‘bari Khandayat.
(xxi) Mazar of Pir Jumna.
(xxii) Dargah of Shah Miranji Shamsu’l-Haq Chishti on Shahpur Hill.
5. Hadginhali, Dargah. Temple materials used.
6. Horti, Masjid. Temple materials used.
7. Inglesvara, Muhiu’d-Din Sahib-ki-Masjid. Munipa Samadhi materials used.
8. Jirankalgi, Masjid. Temple materials used.
9. Kalleeri, Masjid near the village Chawdi. Kešavadeva Temple materials used.
10. Mamdapur
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Mazar of Kamal Sahib. Temple site.
(iii) Mazar of Sadle Sahib of Makka. Temple site.
11. Naltvad, Masjid (1315). Temple materials used.
12. Pirapur, Dargah. Temple site.
13. Salvadigi, Masjid. Temple materials used.
14. Sarur, Masjid. Temple materials used.
15. Segaon, Dargah. Temple site.
16. Takli, Masjid. Temple materials used.
17. Talikota
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Jain Temple materials used.
(ii) PaNch Pir-ki-Masjid and Ganji-i-Shahidan. Temple site.
18. Utagi, Masjid (1323). Temple site.


VI. Chickmanglur District.

Baba Budan, Mazar of Dada Hayat Mir Qalandar. Dattatreya Temple site.


VII. Chitaldurg District.

Harihar, Masjid on top of Hariharešvara Temple.


VIII. Dharwad District.

1. Alnavar, Jami‘ Masjid. Jain Temple materials used.
2. Bankapur
(i) Masjid (1538-39). Temple site.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid (1602-03). Temple site.
(iii) Graveyard with a Masjid. Temple site.
(iv) Dongar-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(v) Dargah of Shah Alau’d-Din-Qadiri. Temple site.
(vi) Fort (1590-91). Temple materials used,
3. Balur, Masjid. Temple materials used.
4. Dambal, Mazar of Shah Abdu’llah Wali. Temple materials used.
5. Dandapur, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple materials used.
6. Dharwad, Masjid on Mailarling Hill. Converted Jain Temple.
7. Hangal
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Masjid in the Fort. Temple site.
8. Hubli, 17 Masjids built by Aurangzeb in 1675 and after Temple sites.
9. Hulgur
(i) Dargah of Sayyid Shah Qadiri. Temple site.
(ii) Masjid near the above Dargah. Temple site.
10. Lakshmeshwar, Kali Masjid. Temple site.
11. Misrikot, Jami‘ Masjid (1585-86). Temple site.
12. Mogha, Jami‘ Masjid. ├dityadeva Temple materials used.
13. Ranebennur, Qala, Masjid (1742). Temple site.
14. Savanur
(i) Jami‘ Masjid reconstructed in 1847-48. Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Khairu’llah Shah Badshah. Temple site.
(iii) Dargah and Masjid of Shah Kamal. Temple site.


IX. Gulbarga District.

1. Chincholi, Dargah. Temple site.
2. Dornhalli, Masjid. Temple site.
3. Firozabad
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1406). Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Shah Khalifatu’r-Rahman Qadiri (d. 1421). Temple site.
4. Gobur, Dargah. Ratnaraya Jinalaya Temple materials used.
5. Gogi
(i) Araba’a Masjid (1338). Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Pir Chanda, Husaini (1454). Temple site.
(iii) Chilla of Shah Habibu’llah (1535-36). Temple site.
6. Gulbarga, Ancient Hindu city converted into a Muslim capital and the following among other monuments built on temple sites and/or with temple materials:
(i) Kalan Masjid in Mahalla Mominpura (1373).
(ii) Masjid in Shah Bazar (1379).
(iii) Jami‘ Masjid in the Fort (1367).
(iv) Masjid-i-Langar in the Mazar of Haji Zaida.
(v) Masjid near the Farman Talab (1353-54).
(vi) Dargah of Sayyid Muhammad Husaini Banda, Nawaz Gesu Daraz Chishti, disciple of Shykh Nasiru’d-Din Mahmud ChirAgh-i-Dihli.
(vii) Mazar of Shykh Muhammad Siraju’d-Din Junaidi.
(viii) Mazar of Haji Zaida of Maragh (1434)
(ix) Mazar of Sayyid Husainu’d-Din Tigh-i-Barhna (naked sword).
(x) Fort Walls and Gates.
7. Gulsharam, Dargah and Masjid of Shah Jalal Husaini (1553). Temple site.
8. Malkhed, Dargah of Sayyid Ja‘far Husaini in the Fort. Temple site.
9. Sagar
(i) Dargah of Sufi Sarmast Chishti, disciple of Nizamu’d-Din Awliya of Delhi. Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Munawwar Badshah. Temple site.
(iii) ├shur Khana Masjid (1390-91). Temple site.
(iv) Fort (1411-12). Temple materials used.
10. Seram, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple materials used.
11. Shah Bazar, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
12. Shahpur
(i) Dargah of Musa Qadiri (1667-68). Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Muhammad Qadiri (1627). Temple site.
(iii) Dargah of IbrAhIm Qadiri. Temple site.
13. Yadgir
(i) ├than Masjid (1573). Temple site.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.


X. Kolar District.

1. Mulbagal, Dargah of Hyder Wali. Temple site.
2. Nandi, Masjid east of the village. Temple site.


XI. Mandya District.

1. Pandavapur, Masjid-i-Ala. Temple site.
2. Srirangapatnam, Jami‘ Masjid built by Tipu Sultan (1787). Stands on the site of the ├˝janeya Temple.


XII. Mysore District.

Tonnur, Mazar said to be that of Sayyid Salar Mas’ud (1358). Temple materials used.


XIII. North Kanara District.

1. Bhatkal, Jami‘ Masjid (1447-48). Temple site.
2. Haliyal, Masjid in the Fort. Temple materials used.


XIV. Raichur District.

1. Jaladurga, Dargah of Muhammad Sarwar. Temple site.
2. Kallur, Two Masjids. Temple sites.
3. Koppal
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Arabo˝-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(iii) Dargah of Sailani Pasha. Temple site.
4. Manvi, Masjid (1406-07). Temple materials used.
5. Mudgal
(i) Masjid at Kati Darwaza of the Fort. Temple materials used.
(ii) Nai Masjid (1583-84). Temple site.
(iii) Two Ashur Khanas built by Ali I Adil Shah. Temple site.
(iv) Fort (1588). Temple materials used.
6. Raichur
(i) Yak Minar Masjid in the Fort (1503). Temple site.
(ii) Daftari Masjid in the Fort (1498-99). Temple materials used.
(iii) Hazar Baig Masjid (1511-12). Temple site
(iv) Jami‘ Masjid in the Fort (1622-23). Temple materials used.
(v) Jami‘ Masjid in Sarafa Bazar (1628-29). Temple site.
(vi) Kali Masjid in the Fort. Temple materials used.
(vii) Masjid inside the Naurangi. Temple materials used.
(viii) Chowk-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(ix) Jahaniya Masjid (1700-01). Temple site.
(x) Dargah of Shah Mir Hasan and Mir Husain. Temple materials used.
(xi) Dargah of Sayyid Abdul Husaini at Sikandari Gate. Temple site.
(xii) Pa˝ch Bibi Dargah at Bala Hissar. Temple materials used.
(xiii) Mazar of Pir Sailani Shah in the Fort. Temple materials used.
(xiv) Fort. Temple materials used.
7. Sindhanur, ├lamgiri Masjid near the Gumbad. Temple site.
8. Tawagera, Dargah of Banda Nawaz. Temple site.


XV. Shimoga District.

1. Almel, Mazar of Ghalib Shah. Temple site.
2. Basavpatna, Masjid near the Fort. Temple site.
3. Nagar, Masjid built by Tipu Sultan. Temple materials used.
4. Sante Bennur, Randhulla Khan-ki-Masjid (1637). Materials of the Ra˝ganatha Temple used.
5. Sirajpur, Masjid built on top of the Chhinnakešava Temple for housing Prophet Muhammad’s hair.  Images defaced and mutilated. Part of the temple used as a laterine.


XVI. Tumkur District,

1. Sira
(i) Ibrahim Rauza with many Mazars and a Jami‘ Masjid. Converted temples.
(ii) Dargah of Malik Rihan. Temple site.
2. Sirol, Jami‘ Masjid (1696). Temple site.
 
 
KASHMIR

1. Amburher, Ziarat of Farrukhzad Sahib. Temple materials used.
2. Badgam

(i) Ziarat of Abban Shah in Ghagarpur. Temple site.
(ii) Ziarat of Sayyid Swalia Shah in Narbai. Temple site.
3. Bijbehra, Masjid. Temple site.
4. Bumzu
(i) Ziarat of Baba Bamdin. Converted Bhimakešava. Temple.
(ii) Ziarat of Ruknu’d-Din Rishi. Converted temple.
(iii) Ziarat farther up the valley. Converted temple.
5. Gulmarg, Ziarat of Baba Imam Din Rishi. Temple materials used.
6. Gupkar, Ziarat of Jyesther and other monuments. Temple materials used.
7. Hutmar, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple materials used.
8. Khonmuh, Several Ziarats. Temple materials used.
9. Kitshom, Two Masjids. Stand amidst temple ruins.
10. Loduv, Ziarat. Temple materials used.
11. Lohar, Ziarat of Sayyid Chanan Ghazi. Temple site.
12. Lokbavan, Garden Pavilion. Temple materials from Lokabhavana Tirtha used.
13. Marsus, Ziarat of Shah Abdu’llah. Temple site.
14. Pampor
(i) Ziarat of Mir Muhammad Hamadani. VishNusvamin Temple materials used.
(ii) Several other Ziarats. Temple materials used.
15. Pandrethan, Masjid. Meruvardhanaswamin Temple materials used.
16. Sangar, Ziarat. Temple materials used.
17. Sar, Ziarat of Khwaja Khizr. Temple materials used.
18. Shalmar Garden, Pavilion on the 4th terrace. Temple materials used.
19. Srinagar, Ancient Hindu city converted into a Muslim capital. The following monuments stand on temple sites and most of them have been constructed with temple materials.
(i) Ziarat of Bahau’d-Din SAhib. Jayasvamin Temple converted.
(ii) Graveyard and its Gate below the 4th Bridge.
(iii) Dargah and Masjid of Shah-i-Hamadani in Kalashpura. On the site of the Kali Temple.
(iv) Nau or Patthar-ki-Masjid built by Nur Jahan.
(v) Graveyard near the Nau Masjid.
(vi) Ziarat of Malik Sahib in Didd Mar. On the site of Didda Matha.
(vii) Masjid and Madrasa and Graveyard near Vicharnag. On the site and from materials of the Vikramešvara Temple.
(viii) Madni Sahib-ki-Masjid at Zadibal.
(ix) Ziarat south-west of Madni Sahib-ki-Masjid.
(x) Jami‘ Masjid originally built by Sikandar Butshikan and reconstructed in later times.
(xi) Ziarat named Nur Pirastan. NarendrasaAmin Temple converted.
(xii) Maqbara of Sultan Zain’ul-Abidin.
(xiii) Maqbara of Zainu’l-├bidin’s mother, queen of Sikandar Butshikan.
(xiv) Ziarat of Pir Haji Muhammad Sahib, south-west of the Jami‘ Masjid. VishNu RaNasvamin Temple converted.
(xv) Ziarats of Makhdum Sahib and Akhun Mulla on Hari Parbat. Bhimasvamin Temple converted.
(xvi) Masjid of Akhun Mulla built by Dara Shikoh.
(xvii) Ziarat of Pir Muhammad Basur in Khandbavan. On the site of Skandabhavana Vihara.
(xviii) Graveyard north-east of Khandbavan.
(xix) Dargah of Pir Dastgir.
(xx) Dargah of Naqshbandi.
(xxi) Ramparts and Kathi Gate of the Fort built by Akbar.
(xxii) Stone embankments on both sides and for several miles of the Jhelum river as its passes through Srinagar.
(xxiii) Astana of MIr Shamsu’d-Din Syed Muhammad Iraqi.
20. Sudarbal, Ziarat of Hazrat Bal. Temple site.
21. Tapar, Bund from Naidkhai to Sopor built by Zainu’l-├bidin. Materials from Narendrešvara Temple used.
22. Theda, Ziarat near Dampor. Temple materials used.
23. Vernag, Stone enclosure built by Jahangir. Temple materials used.
24. Wular Lake
(i) Suna Lanka, pleasure haunt built by Zainu’l-├bidin in the midst of the Lake. Temple materials used.
(ii) Dargah of Shukru’d-DIn on the western shore. Temple site.
25. Zukur, Several Ziarats and Maqbaras. Temple materials used.
 
 
KERALA

1. Kollam, (Kozhikode District), Jami‘ Masjid. Temple materials used.
2. Palghat, Fort built by Tipu Sultan. Temple materials used.
 
 

LAKSHADWEEP

1. Kalpeni, Muhiu’d-Din-Palli Masjid. Temple site.
2. Kavarati, Prot-Palli Masjid. Temple site.
 
 

MADHYA PRADESH

I. Betul District.

1. Pattan, Dargah of Sulaiman Shah. Temple site.
2. Umri, Dargah of Rahman Shah. Temple site.


II. Bhopal District.

1. Berasia, Masjid (1716). Temple site.
2. Bhopal, Jami‘ Masjid built by Qudsia Begum. SabhamaNDala Temple site.


III. Bilaspur District.

Khimlasa
(i) Dargah of Pa˝ch Pir. Temple site.
(ii) Nagina Mahal. Temple site.
(iii) Idgah. Temple site.
(iv) Masjid with three domes. Temple site.


IV. Damoh District.

(i) Dargah of Ghazi Mian. Temple site.
(ii) Fort. Temple materials used.


V. Dewas District.

1. Dewas
(i) Masjid (1562). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid (1705). Temple site.
(iii) Masjid (1707). Temple site.
2. Gandhawal, Graveyard inside the village. Jain Temple materials used.
3. Sarangpur
(i) Madrasa (1493). Temple site.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid (1640). Temple site.
(iii) Pir Jan-ki-Bhati Masjid. Temple site.
(iv) Fort. Temple materials used.
4. Unchod, Idgah (1681). Temple site.


VI. Dhar District.

1. Dhar, Capital of Raja Bhoja Paramara converted into a Muslim capital. The following Muslim monuments tell their own story:
(i) Kamal Maula Masjid. Temple materials used.
(ii) Lat Masjid (1405). Jain Temple materials used.
(iii) Mazar of Abdu’llah Shah Changal. Temple site.
2. Mandu, An ancient Hindu city converted into a Muslim capital and the following monuments built on the sites of and/or with materials from temples
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1454).
(ii) Dilawar Khan-ki-Masjid (1405).
(iii) ChhoTi Jami‘ Masjid.
(iv) Pahredaro˝-ki-Masjid (1417).
(v) Malik Mughis-ki-Masjid.
(vi) Maqbara of Hushang Shah.
(vii) Jahaz Mahal.
(viii) Tawil Mahal.
(ix) Nahar Jharokha.
(x) Hindola Mahal.
(xi) Rupmati Pavilion.
(xii) Ashrafi Mahal.
(xiii) Dai-ki-Chhoti Bahen-ka-Mahal.
(xiv) Baz Bahadur-ka-Mahal.
(xv) Nilkanth Mahal.
(xvi) Chhappan Mahal.
(xvii) Fort and Gates.
(xviii) Gada-Shah-ka-Mahal.
(xix) Hammam Complex.


VII. Dholpur District.

Bari, Masjid (1346 or 1351). Temple site.


VIII. East Nimar District.

1. Bhadgaon, Jami‘ Masjid (1328). Temple site.
2. Jhiri, Masjid (1581). Temple site.
3. Khandwa, Masjid (1619-20). Temple site.


IX. Guna District.

1. Chanderi, Muslim city built from the ruins of the old or Budhi Chanderi nearby. The following monuments stand on the sites of temples and/or have temple materials used in them:
(i) Masjid (1392).
(ii) Moti Masjid.
(iii) Jami‘ Masjid.
(iv) Pa˝chmuh˝Da Masjid.
(v) Qurbani Chabutra.
(vi) Dargah of Mewa Shah.
(vii) Mazar known as BaDa Madrasa.
(viii) Mazar known as ChhoTa Madrasa.
(ix) Raja-ka-Maqbara.
(x) Rani-ka-Maqbara.
(xi) Battisi BaoDi Masjid (1488).
(xii) Hathipur-ki-Masjid (1691).
(xiii) Mazar of Shykh Burhanu’d-Din.
(xiv) Fort.
(xv) Kushk Mahal.
(xvi) Idgah (1495).
2. Pipari, Masjid (1451). Temple site.
3. Shadoragaon, Jami‘ Masjid (1621-22). Temple site.


X. Gwalior District.

1. Gwalior
(i) Dargah of Muhammad Ghaus. Temple site.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid near Gujari Mahal. Temple site.
(iii) Masjid near Ganesh Gate. Gawalipa Temple site.
(iv) Graveyards on east and west of the Fort. Temple sites.
2. Jajao, Lal Patthar-ki-Masjid, Temple materials used.
3. Mundrail, Several Masjids (1504). Temple sites.
4. Sipri, Several Masjids and Mazars. Temple materials used.


XI. Indore District.

1. Depalpur, Masjid (1670). Temple site.
2. Maheshwar
(i) ShahI Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Fort. Temple materials used.
3. Mehdipur
(i) Mazar of Godar Shah. Temple site.
(ii) Fort. Temple materials used.
4. Sanwar, Masjid (1674). Temple site.


XII. Mandsaur District.

1. Kayampur
(i) Masjid (1676). Temple site.
(ii) Idgah (1701-02). Temple site.
2. Mandsaur
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple materials used.
(ii) Fort. Temple materials used.
3. Rampura, Padshahi BaoDi. Temple materials used.


XIII. Morena District.

Alapur
(i) Masjid (1561-62). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid (1586-87). Temple site.
(iii) Masjid (1697-98). Temple site.


XIV. Panna District.

1. Ajaigarh, Fort. Temple materials used.
2. Nachna, Masjid. Converted temple.


XV. Raisen District.

Palmyka Mandir-Masjid. Temple materials used.


XVI. Rajgarh District.

Khujner, Mazar of Dawal Shah.  Temple materials used.


XVII. Ratlam District.

Barauda, Masjid (1452-56). Temple site.


XVIII. Sagar District.

1. Dhamoni, Dargah of Bal Jati Shah (1671). Temple site.
2. Kanjia
(i) Khan Sahib-ki-Masjid (1594-95). Temple site.
(ii) Idgah (1640). Temple site.
(iv) Alamgiri Masjid (1703). Temple site.
(iii) Qala-ki-Masjid (1643). Temple site.
3. Khimlasa, Pa˝ch Pir. Temple site.


XIX. Sehore District.

Masjid (1332). Temple site.


XX. Shajapur District.

Agartal, Masjid. Temple site.


XXI. Shivpuri District.

1. Narod, Zanzari Masjid. Temple site.
2. Narwar
(i) Dargah of Shah Madar. Temple site.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid (1509). Temple materials used.
(iii) Masjid inside Havapaur Gate (1509). Temple site.
3. Pawaya
(i) Fort. Temple materials used.
(ii) Several other Muslim monuments. Temple materials used.
4. Ranod
(i) Masjid (1331-32). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid (1441). Temple site.
(iii) Masjid (1633). Temple site.
(iv) Masjid (1640). Temple site.
5. Shivpuri, Jami‘ Masjid (1440). Temple site.


XXII. Ujjain District.

1. Barnagar, Masjid (1418). Temple site.
2. Ujjain,
(i) Jami‘ Masjid known as Bina-niv-ki-Masjid (1403-04). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid unearthed near Chaubis Khamba Gate. Temple materials used.
(iii) MochI Masjid. Converted temple.


XXIII. Vidisha District.

1. Basoda, Masjid (1720-21). Temple site.
2. Bhonrasa,
(i) Qalandari Masjid. Temple materials used.
(ii) Jagirdar-ki-Masjid (1683). Temple site.
(iii) BaDi Masjid in Bada Bagh (1685). Temple site.
(iv) Bandi Bagh-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(v) Bara-Khamba Masjid. Temple site.
(vi) Ek-Khamba Masjid. Temple site.
(vii) Bina-niv-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(viii) Graveyard in Bandi Bagh. Amidst temple ruins.
(ix) Idgah. Temple site.
(x) Fort (1594). Temple materials used.
3. Parasari, Masjid (1694-95). Temple site.
4. Renkla, Masjid. (1647-48). Temple site.
5. Shamsabad, Masjid (1641). Temple site.
6. Sironj
(i) ├lamgiri Masjid (1662-63). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid in Mahalla Rakabganj (1657-58). Temple site.
(iii) DargAh of Shykh Sahib (d. 1657). Temple site.
7. Tal, Masjid (1644-45). Temple site.
8. Udaypur
(i) Masjid (1336). Temple materials used.
(ii) Masjid built by Aurangzeb. Temple materials used.
(iii) Moti Masjid (1488-89). Temple site.
(iv) Masjid (1549). Temple site.
(v) Two Masjids of Shah Jahan. Temple sites.
(vi) Masjid of Jahangir. Temple site.
9. Vidisha
(i) ├lamgiri or VijaimaNDal Masjid (1682). Converted temple.
(ii) Masjid on Lohangi Hill (1457). Temple site.
(iii) Shah Jahani Masjid (1650-51). Temple site.
(iv) City Wall. Temple materials used,


XXIV. West Nimar District.

1. Asirgarh
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1584). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid built in the reign of Shah Jahan. Temple site.
(iii) Idgah (1588-89). Temple site.
(iv) Fort. Temple materials used.
2. Bhikangaon, Idgah (1643-44). Temple site.
3. Baidia, Masjid (1456-57). Temple site.
4. Burhanpur
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1588-89). Temple site.
(ii) Bibi Sahib-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(iii) Shah Mas‘ud-ki-Masjid (1582-83). Temple site.
(iv) Dargah and Masjid of Shah Bahau’d- Din Bajan. Temple site.
(v) Dargah of Sufi Nur Shah. Temple site.
 
 
MAHARASHTRA

I. Ahmadnagar District.

1. Amba Jogi, Fort. Temple materials used.
2. Bhingar, Mulla Masjid (1367-68). Temple site.
3. Gogha
(i) Idgah (1395). Temple site.
(ii) Morakhwada Masjid (1630). Temple site.
4. Jambukhed, Jami‘ Masjid (1687-88). Temple site.
5. Madhi, Dargah of Ramzan Shah Mahi Sawar. Temple site.


II. Akola District.

1. Akot, Jami‘ Masjid (1667). Temple site.
2. Balapur, Masjid (1717-18). Temple site.
3. Basim, Kaki Shah-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
4. Jamod
(i) Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Pir Paulad Shah. Temple site.
5. Karanj
(i) Astan Masjid (1659). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid (1669-70). Temple site.
(iii) Masjid (1698-99). Temple site.
6. Manglurpir
(i) Qadimi Masjid. Temple materials used.
(ii) Dargah of Pir Hayat Qalandar (d. 1253). Temple site.
(iii) Dargah of Sanam Sahib. Temple site.
7. Narnala
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1509). Temple site.
(ii) ├lamgiri Masjid. Temple site.
8. Patur, Dargah of Abdul Aziz alias Shykh Babu Chishti (d. 1388). Temple site.
9. Uprai, Dargah of Shah Dawal. Temple site.


III. Amravati District.

1. Amner, Masjid and Mazar of Lal Khan (1691-92). Temple site.
2. Ellichpur
(i) Jami‘ Masjid reconstructed in 1697. Temple site.
(ii) Daru‘shifa Masjid. Temple site.
(iii) Chowk-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(iv) Idgah. Temple site.
(v) Mazar of Shah Ghulam Husain. Temple site.
(vi) Mazar of Abdul Rahman Ghazi known as Dulha Shah. Temple site.
3. Ritpur, Aurangzeb’s Jami‘ Masjid (reconstructed in 1878). Temple site.


IV. Aurangabad District.

1. Antur Fort, Qala-ki-Masjid (1615). Temple site.
2. Aurangabad
(i) Jami Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Lal Masjid. Temple site.
(iii) Maqbara of Aurangzeb. Temple site.
3. Daulatabad
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1315). Converted lain Temple.
(ii) Yak Minar-ki-Masjid in the Fort. Temple site.
(iii) Masjid-i-Hauz at Kazipura (1458). Temple site.
(iv) Idgah (1359). Temple site.
(v) Dargah of Pir Kadu Sahib. Converted temple.
(vi) Fort. Temple materials used.
4. Gangapur, Masjid (1690-91). Temple site.
5. Kaghzipura, Dargah of Shah Nizamu’d-Din. Temple site.
6. Khuldabad
(i) Dargah of Hazrat Burhanu’d-Din Gharib Chishti (d. 1339). Temple site.
(ii) Dargah on Pari-ka-Talao. Converted temple.
(iii) Mazar of Halim Kaka Sahib. Converted temple.
(iv) Mazar of Jalalu’l-Haqq. Temple site.
(v) Baradari in Bani Begum’s Garden. Temple site.
7. Paithan
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1630). Converted temple.
(ii) Maulana Sahib-ki-Masjid. Converted ReNukadevi Temple.
(iii) Alamagiri Masjid. Temple materials used.
(iv) Dargah of Makhdum Husain Ahmad (1507). Temple site.
8. Taltam Fort, Fort. Temple materials used.
9. Vaijapur
(i) Mazars in Nau Ghazi. Temple site.
(ii) Mazar of Syed Ruknu’d-Din. Temple site.


V. Bid District.

Bid
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Qazi Sahib-ki-Masjid (1624). Temple site.
(iii) Masjid in Mahalla Sadr (1704-05). Temple site.
(iv) Masjid and Dargah of Shahinshah Wali. Temple site.
(v) Idgah (1704). Temple site.


VI. Bombay District.

(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Mazar at Mahim. Temple site.
(iii) Mazar of Maina Hajjam. Converted Mahalakshmi Temple.


VII. Buldana District.

1. Fathkhelda, Masjid (1581). Temple site.
2. Malkapur, Masjid near Qazi’s house. Temple site.


VIII. Dhule District.

1. Bhamer
(i) Masjid (1481-82). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid (1529-30). Temple site.
2. Erandol, Jami‘ Masjid in Pandav-vada. Temple materials used.
3. Nandurbar
(i) Manyar Masjid. SiddheŠvaradeva Temple materials used.
(ii) Dargah of Sayyid Alau’d-Din. Temple site.
(iii) Several Masjids amidst ruins of Hindu temples.
4. Nasirabad, Several old Masjids. Temple sites.
5. Nizamabad, Masjid. Temple site.


IX. Jalgaon District.

1. Jalgaon. Masjid. Temple site.
2. Phaskhanda, Masjid. Temple site.
3. Shendurni, Masjid-i-Kabir (1597). Temple site.


X. Kolhapur District.

1. Bhadole, Masjid (1551-52). Temple site.
2. Kagal, Dargah of Ghaibi Pir. Temple site.
3. Kapshi, Masjid-e-Husaini. Temple site.
4. Panhala
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Shykh Saidu’d-DIn. Temple site.
(iii) Dargah of BaDa Imam in the Fort. Temple site.
(iv) Mazar of Sadoba Pir. Parašara Temple site.
5. Shirol, Jami‘ Masjid (1696). Temple site.
6. Vishalgarh, Mazar of Malik Rihan Pir. Temple site.


XI. Nagpur District.

Ramtek, Masjid built in Aurangzeb’s reign. Converted temple.


XII. Nanded District.

1. Bhaisa
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Three Dargahs. Temple sites.
2. Deglur, Mazar of Shah Ziau’d-Din Rifai. Temple site.
3. Kandhar
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1606). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid and Dargah inside the Fort. Temple materials used.
(iii) Causeway of the Fort. Temple materials used.
4. Nanded, Idgah in Khas Bagh. Temple site.


XIII. Nasik District.

1. Galna
(i) Dargah of Pir Pulad (1581). Temple site.
(ii) Fort. Temple materials used.
2. Gondengaon, Jami‘ Masjid (1703). Temple site.
3. Malegaon, Dargah of Khaki Shah. Temple site.
4. Nasik, Jami‘ Masjid in the Fort. Converted Mahalakshmi Temple.
5. Pimpri, Mazar of Sayyid Sadrau’d-Din. Temple site.
6. Rajapur, Masjid (1559). Temple site.


XIV. Osmanabad District.

1. Ausa, Masjid (1680). Temple site.
2. Naldurg, Masjid (1560). Temple site.
3. Parenda
(i) Masjid inside the Fort. Built entirely of temple materials.
(ii) Namazgah near the Talav. Converted Manakešvara Temple.


XV. Parbhani District.

1. Khari, Mazar of Ramzan Shah. Temple site.
2. Latur
(i) Dargah of Mabsu Sahib. Converted Minapuri Mata Temple.
(ii) Dargah of Sayyid Qadiri. Converted Somešvara Temple.
3. Malevir, KhaDu Jami‘ Masjid. Converted temple.


XVI. Pune District.

1. Chakan, Masjid (1682). Temple site.
2. Ghoda, Jami‘ Masjid. Built in 1586 from materials of 33 temples.
3. Junnar
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple Site.
(ii) Diwan Ahmad-ki-Masjid (1578-79). Temple site.
(iii) GunDi-ki-Masjid (1581). Temple site.
(iv) MadAr Chilla-ki-Masjid. (1611-12). Temple site.
(v) Kamani Masjid on Shivneri Hill (1625). Temple site.
(vi) Fort. Temple materials used.
4. Khed, Masjid and Mazar of Dilawar Khan. Temple site.
5. Mancher, Masjid at the South-Western Gate. Temple site.
6. Sasvad, Masjid. Built entirely of Hemadapanti temple materials.


XVII. Ratnagiri District.

1. Chaul
(i) Mazar of Pir Sayyid Ahmad. Converted Samba Temple.
(ii) Maqbara near Hinglaj Spur. Temple site.
(iii) Graveyard. Temple site.
2. Dabhol, Patthar-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
3. Rajpuri, Aidrusia Khanqah. Temple site.
4. Yeshir, Jami‘ Masjid (1524). Temple site.


XVIII. Sangli District.

1. Mangalvedh, Fort. Temple materials used.
2. Miraj
(i) Masjid (1415-16). Temple site.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid (1506). Temple site.
(iii) Kali Masjid. Temple site.
(iv) Namazgah (1586-97). Temple site.
(v) Dargah of BaDa Imam. Temple site.


XIX. Satara District.

1. Apti, Masjid (1611-12). Temple site.
2. Karad
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1575-76). Temple materials used.
(ii) Qadamagah of Ali (1325). Temple site.
3. Khanpur, Jami‘ Masjid (1325). Temple materials used.
4. Rahimatpur,
(i) Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Maqbara known as that of Jahangir’s Mother (1649). Temple site.


XX. Sholapur District.

1. Begampur, Maqbara near Gadheshvar. Temple site.
2. Sholapur, Fort, Temple materials used.


XXI. Thane District.

1. Kalyan
(i) Dargah of Hazrat Yaqub, Temple site.
(ii) Makka Masjid (1586). Temple site.
2. Malanggadh, Mazar of Baba MalaNg. Temple site.


XXII. Wardha District.

1. Ashti
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1521). Temple site.
(ii) Lodi Masjid (1671-72). Temple site.
2. Girad, Mazar of Shykh Farid.  Converted temple.
3. Paunar, Qadimi Masjid. Converted Ramachandra. Temple.
 
 
ORISSA

I. Baleshwar District.

Jami‘ Masjid in Mahalla Sunhat (163-74). Šri ChanDi Temple site.


II. Cuttack District.

1. Alamgir Hill, Takht-i-Sulaiman Masjid (1719). Temple materials used.
2. Cuttack
(i) Shahi Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Masjids in Oriya Bazar. Temple sites.
(iii) Qadam Rasul Masjid. Temple site.
(iv) Masjid (1668-69). Temple site.
(v) Masjid (1690-91). Temple site.
3. Jajpur
(i) DargAh of Sayyid Bukhari. Materials of many temples used.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid built by Nawwab Abu Nasir. Temple materials used.
4. Kendrapara, Masjid. Temple site.
5. Salepur, Masjid. Temple site.


III. Ganjam District.

Lalapet, Masjid (1690). Temple site.
 
 
PUNJAB

I. Bhatinda District.

Mazar of Baba Haji Rattan (1593). Converted temple.


II. Gurdaspur District.

Batala, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.


III. Jalandhar District.

Sultanpur, Badshahi Sarai. Built on the site of a Buddhist Vjhara.


IV. Ludhiana District.

(i) Dargah and Masjid of Ali Sarmast (1570). Temple site.
(ii) Qazi-ki-Masjid (1517). Temple site.


V. Patiala District.

1. Bahadurgarh, Masjid in the Fort (1666). Temple site.
2. Bawal, Masjid (1560). Temple site.
3. Samana
(i) Sayyido˝-ki-Masjid (1495). Temple site.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid (1614-15). Temple site.
(iii) Masjid near Imambara (1637). Temple site.
(iv) Pirzada-ki-Masjid (1647). Temple site.


VI. Ropar District.

Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.


VII. Sangrur District.

Sunam
(i) Qadimi Masjid (1414). Temple site.
(ii) Ganj-i-Shahidan. Temple site.
 
 
RAJASTHAN

I. Ajmer District.

It was a Hindu capital converted into a Muslim metropolis. The following monuments stand on the site of and/or are built with materials from temples.
1. ADhai-Din-kA-Jho˝pra (1199).
2. Qalandar Masjid at Taragarh.
3. Ganj-i-Shahidan at Taragarh.
4. Dargah of Muinu’d-Din Chisti (d. 1236).
5. Chilia-i-Chishti near Annasagar Lake.
6. Dargah and Mazar of Sayijid Husain at Taragah.
7. Jahangiri Mahal at Pushkar.
8. Shahjahani Masjid (1637).
9. Annasagar Baradari.


II. Alwar District.

1. Alwar, Mazar of Makhdum Shah. Temple site.
2. Bahror
(i) Dargah of Qadir Khan. Temple site.
(ii) Masjid near the Dargah. Temple site.
3. Tijara
(i) Bhartari Mazar. Converted temple.
(ii) Masjid near the Dargah. Temple site.


III. Bharatpur District.

1. Barambad, Masjid (1652-53). Temple site.
2. Bari
(i) Graveyard of Arabs and Pathans. Temple site.
(ii) Masjid (1510). Temple site.
3. Bayana
(i) █kha or Nohara Masjid. Converted █sha Temple.
(ii) Qazipara Masjid (1305). Temple materials used.
(iii) Faujdari Masjid. Temple materials used.
(iv) Syyidpara Masjid. Temple materials used.
(v) Muffonki Masjid. Temple materials used.
(vi) Pillared Cloister at Jhalar Baoli. Temple materials used.
(vii) Idgah near Jhalar Baoli. Temple site.
(viii) Taleti Masjid in the Bijayagarh Fort. Converted temple.
(ix) Abu Qandahar Graveyard. Temple site.
(x) Masjid in Bhitari-Bahari Mahalla. VishNu Temple materials used.
4. Etmada, Pirastan. Temple site.
5. Kaman
(i) Chaurasi Khamba Masjid. Converted Kamyakesvara Temple.
(ii) Fort. Temple materials used.


IV. Chittaurgarh District.

1. Mazar of Ghaibi Pir and the surrounding Graveyard. Temple sites.
2. Qanati Masjid in the same area. Temple site.


V. Jaipur District.

1. Amber, Jami‘ Masjid (1569-70). Temple site.
2. Chatsu
(i) Chhatri of Gurg Ali Shah (d. 1571). Temple materials used.
(ii) Nilgaro˝-ki-Masjid (1381). Temple site.
3. Dausa, Jami‘ Masjid (1688-89). Temple site.
4. Naraina
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1444). Temple materials used.
(ii) Tripolia Darwaza. Temple materials used.
5. Sambhar
(i) Ganj-i-Shahidan. Temple site.
(ii) DargAh of Khwaja Hisamu’d-Din Jigarsukhta. Temple site.
(iii) Masjid in Mahalla Nakhas (1695-96). Temple site.
(iv) Masjid in Rambagh (1696-97). Temple site.
4. Tordi, Khari Baoli. Temple materials used.


VI. Jaisalmer District.

1. Jaisalmer, Faqiron-ka-Takiya. Temple site.
2. Pokaran, Masjid (1704-05). Temple site.


VII. Jalor District.

1. Jalor
(i) Shahi or Topkhana Masjid (1323). Paršvanatha Temple materials used.
(ii) Idgah (1318). Temple site.
(iii) Baoliwali Masjid (1523). Temple site.
2. Sanchor, Jami‘ Masjid (1506). Temple site.


VIII. Jhalawar District.

Sunel, Masjid (1466-67). Temple site.


IX. Jhunjhunu District.

Narhad, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple materials used.


X. Jodhpur District.

1. Jodhpur, Yak-Minar-ki-Masjid (1649). Temple site.
2. Mandor
(i) Shahi Masjid. Temple materials used.
(ii) Ghulam Khan-ki-Masjid. Temple materials used.
(iii) Dargah of Tanna Pir. Temple materials used.
3. Pipar City, Jami‘ Masjid (1658). Temple. site.


XI. Kota District.

1. Baran, Masjid (1680). Temple site.
2. Bundi, Miran Masjid on the hill east of the town. Temple site.
3. Gagraun
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1694). Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Hazrat Hamidu’d-Din known as Mittha Shah. Temple site.
4. Shahabad
(i) Sher Shah Suri-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid. (1671-72). Temple site.
(iii) Dargah of Rahim Khan Data (1534-35). Temple site.
5. Shergarh, Fort of Sher Shah Suri. Brahmanical, Buddhist and Jain temple materials used.


XII. Nagaur District.

1. Amarpur, Masjid (1655). Temple site.
2. Bakalia, Masjid (1670). Temple site.
3. Balapir, Masjid. Temple site.
4. Badi Khatu
(i) Shahi Masjid (around 1200). Temple materials used.
(ii) Qanati Masjid (1301). Temple site.
(iii) Pahariyo˝-ki-Masjid and Chheh Shahid Mazars. Temple materials used.
(iv) Jaliyabas-ki-Masjid (1320). Temple site.
(v) BaDi and ChhoTi Masjid in Mahalla Sayiddan. Temple site.
(vi) Khanzado˝-ki-Masjid (1482). Temple site.
(vii) Masjid and Dargah of Muhammad Qattal Shahid (1333). Temple materials used.
(viii) Dhobiyo˝-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(ix) Masjid-i-Sangatrashan (1639). Temple site.
(x) Dargah of Baba Ishaq Maghribi (1360). Temple site.
(xi) Dargah of Samman Shah. Temple sites.
(xii) Ganj-i-Shahidan. Temple site.
(Xiii) Momino˝-ki-Masjid (1667). Temple site.
(xiv) Fort. Temple materials used.
4. Basni, BaDi Masjid (1696). Temple site.
5. Chhoti Khatu, Dargah of Shah Nizam Bukhari (1670). Temple site.
6. Didwana
(i) Qazio˝-ki-Masjid (1252). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid in Gudri Bazar (1357). Temple site.
(iii) Band (closed) Masjid (1384). Temple site.
(iv) Shaiko˝-ki-Masjid (1377). Temple site.
(v) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
(vi) Qala-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(vii) Havala Masjid. Temple site.
(viii) Sayyido˝-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(ix) Takiya-ki-Masjid (1582-83). Temple site.
(x) Kachahri Masjid (1638). Temple site.
(xi) Dhobio˝-ki-Masjid (1662).
(xii) Julaho˝-ki-Masjid (1664). Temple site.
(xiii) Loharo˝-ki-Masjid (1665). Temple site.
(xiv) Bisatiyo˝-ki-Masjid (1675-76). Temple site.
(xv) Mochio˝-ki-Masjid (1686). Temple site
(xvi) Shah Changi Madari Masjid (1711). Temple site.
(xvii) Idgah. Temple site.
(xviii) Graveyard near Delhi Darwaza. Temple site.
(xix) Din Darwaza (1681). Temple site.
(xx) Mazar of Rashidu’d-Din Shahid. Temple site.
7. Kathoti, Masjid (1569-70). Temple site.
8. Kumhari
(i) Masjid and Dargah of Bala Pir (1496-97). Temple site.
(ii) Qalandari Masjid. Temple site.
9. Ladnun
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1371). Temple materials used.
(ii) Hazirawali or Khalji Masjid (1378-79). Temple site.
(iii) Shahi Masjid. Temple materials used.
(iv) Dargah of Umrao Shahid Ghazi (1371). Temple site.
(v) Graveyard near the above Dargah. Temple site.
(vi) Mazar-i-Murad-i-Shahid. Temple site.
10. Loharpura
(i) Dargah of Pir Zahiru’d-Din. Temple site.
(ii) ChhoTi Masjid (1602). Temple site.
11. Makrana
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. (Sher Shah). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid near Pahar Kunwa (1653). Temple site.
(iii) Masjid in Gaur Bas (1678). Temple site.
(iv) Masjid (1643). Temple site.
12. Merta
(i) Masjid in Salawtan (1625-26). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid in Gaditan (1656). Temple site.
(iii) Jami‘ Masjid. (1665). Temple site.
(iv) Mochiyo˝-ki-Masjid (1663). Temple site.
(v) Ghosiyo˝-ki-Masjid (1665). Temple site.
(vi) Momino˝-ki-Masjid (1666). Temple site.
(vii) Masjid in Maharaj-ki-Jagir (1666). Temple site
(viii) Chowk-ki-Masjid (1670). Temple site.
(ix) Hajjamo˝-ki-Masjid (1686-87). Temple site.
(x) Miya˝ji-ki-Masjid (1690-91). Temple site.
(xi) Sabungaro˝-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(xii) Dargah of Ghaus Pir. Temple site.
(xiii) Takiya Kamal Shah. Temple site.
13. Nagaur
(i) Mazar of Pir Zahiru’d-Din. Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Baba Badr. Temple site.
(iii) Dargah of Sufi Hamidu’d-Din Nagauri Chishti. Temple site.
(iv) Dargah of Shykh Abdul Qadir Jilani. Temple site.
(v) Dargah of Makhdum Husain Nagauri. Temple site.
(vi) Dargah of Ahmad Ali Bapji. Temple site.
(vii) Dargah of Sayyid Imam Nur (1527). Temple site.
(viii) Dargah of Shah Abdu’s-Salam. Temple site.
(xi) Dargah of Miran Sahib. Temple site.
(xii) Shams Khan Masjid near Shamsi Talav. Temple materials used.
(xiii) Jami‘ Masjid (1553). Temple site.
(xiv) Ek Minar-ki-Masjid (1505-06). Temple site.
(xv) Dhobiyo˝-ki-Masjid (1552). Temple site.
(xvi) Chowk-ki-Masjid (1553). Temple site.
(xvii) Mahawato˝-ki-Masjid (1567-68). Tempe site.
(xviii) Hamalo˝-ki-Masjid (1599-1600). Temple site.
(xix) Shah Jahani Masjid at Surajpole. Converted temple.
(xx) Masjid outside the Fort (1664). Temple site.
(xxi) Kharadiyo˝-ki-Masjid(1665). Temple site
(xxii) Ghosiyo˝-ki-Masjid (1677). Temple site.
(xxiii) Masjid near Maya Bazar (1677). Temple site.
(xxiv) Qalandro˝-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(xxv) Kanehri Julaho˝-ki-Masjid (1669). Temple site.
(xxvi) Sayyido˝-ki-Masjid (1433-34). Temple site.
(xxvii) AkhaDewali Masjid (1475). Temple site.
14. Parbatsar, Mazar of Badru’d-Din Shah Madar. Temple site.
15. Ren, Masjid (1685). Temple site.
16. Rohal, Qazioy˝-ki-Masjid (1684). Temple site.
17. Sojat, Masjid (1680-81). Temple site.


XIII. Sawai Madhopur District.

1. Garh, Qala-ki-Masjid (1546-47). Temple site.
2. Hinduan
(i) Rangrezo˝-ki-Masjid (1439). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid in the Takiya of Khwaja Ali. Temple site.
(iii) Kachahri Masjid (1659-60). Temple site.
(iv) Bara Khamba Masjid (1665). Temple site.
(v) Graveyard east of the Talav. Temple site.
(vi) Masjid and Mazar of Rasul Shah. Temple site.
3. Ranthambor, Qala-ki-Masjid. Temple materials used.


XIV. Sikar District.

Revasa, Masjid. Temple materials used.


XV. Tonk District.

Nagar, Ishakhan Baoli. Temple materials used.


XVI. Udaipur District.

Mandalgarh, Alai Masjid. Converted Jain Temple.
 
 
TAMIL NADU

I. Chingleput District.

1. Acharwak, Mazar of Shah Ahmad. Temple site.
2. Kanchipuram
(i) Large Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Eight other Masjids. Temple sites.
(iii) Gumbad of Baba Hamid Wali. Temple site.
3. Karkatpala, Mazar of Murad Shah Mastan. Temple site.
4. Kovalam, Dargah of Malik bin Dinar (1593-94). Temple site.
5. Munropet
(i) Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Mazar of Shah Ali Mastan. Temple site.
6. Pallavaram
(i) Hill of Panchapandyamalai renamed Maula Pahad and central hall of an ancient Cave Temple turned into a Masjid for worshipping a panja (palm).
(ii) Mazar of Shykh Husain Qadiri alias Budu ShahId. Temple site.
(iii) Poonmalle, Mir Jumla’s Masjid (1653). Temple materials used.
7. Rajkoilpetta, Mazar of Haji Umar. Temple site.
8. Rampur, Takiya of the Tabqati order of Faqirs. Temple site.
9. Rayapeta, Walajahi Masjid. Temple site.
10. Walajahbad, Masjid. Temple site.


II. Coimbatore District.

1. Annamalai, Fort. Repaired by Tipu Sultan with temple materials.
2. Coimbatore, Large Masjid of Tipu Sultan. Temple site.
3. Sivasamudram, DargAh of Pir Wali. Temple site.


III. Madras District.

Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.


IV. Madura District.

1. Bonduvarapetta, Masjid. Temple materials used.
2. Devipatnam, Large Masjid. Temple site.
3. Goripalaiyam, Dargah of Khwaja Alau’d-Din. Temple site.
4. Madura, Dargah of Khwaza Alau’d-Din. Temple site.
5. Nimarpalli
(i) Masjid. Temple materials used.
(ii) Dargah of Makhdum Jalalu’d-Din. Temple materials used.
6. Puliygulam, Masjid. Temple site.
7. Soravandam, Masjid. Temple site.
8. Tiruparankunram, Sikandar Masjid on top of the Hill. Stands admist ruins of Brahmanical, Buddhist and Jain temples.


V. North Arcot District.

1. Arcot, A city of temples before its occupation by Muslims.
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Tomb of Sadatu’llah Khan. Atreya Temple materials used.
(iii) Masjid and Mazar of Tipu Awliya. Temple site.
(iv) Dargah of Sayyid Husain Shah. Temple site.
(v) Qala-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(vi) Masjid of Shah Husain Chishti. Temple site.
(vii) Masjid and Gumbad of Papa ShahId. Temple site.
(viii) Gumbad of Shah Sadiq with a graveyard. Temple site.
(ix) Masjid and Mazar of Shah Azmatu’llah Qadiri. Temple site.
(x) Masjid of Shykh Natthar. Temple site.
(xi) Masjid of Murad Shah. Temple site.
(xii) Masjid of Mir Asadu’llah Khan. Temple site.
(xiii) Masjid of Maulawi Jamal Ali. Temple site.
(xiv) Masjid and Gumbad of Sayyid Ahmad alias Yar Pir. Temple site.
(xv) Masjid of Chanda Sahib. Temple site.
(xvi) Masjid of Miskin Shah with Gumbad of Amin Pir. Temple site.
(xvii) Masjid and Mazar of Hazrat Usman Khan Sarwar. Temple site.
(xviii) Masjid in the Maqbara of Mughlani. Temple site.
(xix) Masjid of GhulAm Rasul Khan. Temple site.
(xx) Masjid of Shah Ghulam Husain Dargahi. Temple site.
(xxi) Masjid of Hafiz Abdul Aziz. Temple site.
(xxii) Masjid of Hafiz Karimu’llah. Temple site.
(xxiii) Masjid and Gumbad in Tajpura. Temple site. Outside the city
(xxiv) Takiya of Qatil Pandu Sarguroh. Temple site.
(xxv) Masjid and Gumbad of Ahmad Tahir Khan. Temple site.
(xxvi) Masjid, Khanqah, Graveyard and Gumbad in Hasanpura. Temple site.
(xxvii) Gumbad of Hazrat Antar Jami with the Idgah. Temple site.
(xxviii) Takiya, of Sabit Ali Shah. Temple site.
(xxix) Masjid and Mazar of Sayyid KarIm Muhammad. Qadiri. Temple site.
(xxx) Masjid of Sa‘datmand Khan. Temple site.
(xxxi) Masjid of Abu’l-Hasan Zakir. Temple site.
(xxxii) Masjid of Da‘ud Beg. Temple site.
(xxxiii) Masjid and Gumbad of Hazrat Shah Nasir. Temple site.
(xxxiv) Masjid of Punji. Temple site.
(xxxv) Mazar of Yadu’llah Shah. Temple site.
(xxxvi) Rangin Masjid. Temple site.
(xxxvii) House of Relic which has a footprint of the Holy Prophet. Converted temple.
2. Arni
(i) Two Masjids. Temple sites.
(ii) Dargah of Seven Shahids. Temple site.
3. Kare, Naulakh Gumbad. Converted Gautama and Višvamitra. Temple
4. Kaveripak
(i) Idgah. Temple site.
(ii) Takiya. Temple site.
(iii) Three Masjids. Temple sites.
5. Nusratgarh, Many Masjids and Mazars in the ruined Fort. Temple sites.
6. Pirmalipak, Mazar of Wajid Shah Champar Posh. Temple site.
7. Ramna
(i) Masjid of Kamtu Shah. Temple site.
(ii) Takiya of Shah Sadiq Tabqati. Temple site.
8. Vellore
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) ChhoTi Masjid. Temple site.
(iii) Mazar of Nur Muhammad Qadiri who “laid waste” many temples. Temple site.
(iv) Mazar of Shah Abu’l-Hasan Qadiri.
(v) Mazar of Abdul Latif Zauqi. Temple site.
(vi) Mazar of Ali Husaini Chishti. Temple site.
(vii) Mazar of Hazrat Ali Sultan. Temple site.
(viii) Mazar of Amin Pir. Temple site.
(ix) Mazar of Shah Lutfu’llah Qadiri. Temple site.
(x) Mazar of Sahib Padshah Qadiri. Temple site.
9. Walajahnagar, Masjid and Mazar of Pir Sahib on the Hill. Temple site.
10. Wali-Muhammad-Petta, Masjid. Temple site.


VI. Ramanathapuram District.

1. Eruvadi
(i) Dargah of Hazrat Ibrahim Shahid. Temple site.
(ii) Mazar of Hazrat Fakhru’d-Din Shahid alias Katbaba Sahib. Temple site.
2. Kilakari
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Muhammad Qasim Appa. Temple site.
(iii) Apparpalli Masjid. Temple site.
3. Periyapattanam, Dargah of Sayyid Sultan Wali. Temple site.
4. Valinokkam
(i) Pallivasal Masjid (1417-18). Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Katupalli (1425). Temple site.
5. Ramanathapuram, Old Masjid. Temple site.


VII. Salem District.

Sankaridurg, Masjid on the ascent to the Fort. Temple site.


VIII. South Arcot District.

1. Anandapur, Masjid. Temple site.
2. Chidambaram
(i) Lalkhan Masjid. Temple materials used.
(ii) Nawal Khan Masjid. Temple materials used.
(iii) Idgah. Temple site.
(iv) Mazar of Aminu’d-Din Chishti. Temple site.
(v) Mazar of Sayyid Husain. Temple site.
3. Gingee
(i) Masjid (1718). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid (1732). Temple site.
(iii) Masjid in the Fort. Temple site.
4. Kawripet, Mazar of Qalandar Shah. Temple site.
5. Manjakupham, Mazar of Shah Abdu’r-Rahim. Temple site.
6. Mansurpeta, Itibar Khan-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
7. Nallikuppam
(i) Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Mazar of Shykh Miran Sahib. Temple site.
8. Pannuti
(i) Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Gumbad of Nur Muhammad Qadiri. Temple site.
9. Swamiwaram, Masjid. Temple site.
10. Tarakambari
(i) Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Mazar of Shykh Ismail Sahib. Temple site.
11. Tirumalarayanapatnam, Mazar of Abdul Qadir Yamini. Temple site.
12. Warachkuri, Mazar of Shah Jalal Husaini. Temple site.


IX. Thanjavur District.

1. Ammapettah
(i) Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Mazar of Muinu’d-Din Husain Qadiri. Temple site.
(iii) Mazar of Shah Jafar. Temple site.
2. Ilyur
(i) Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Mazar of Inayatu’llah Dirwesh. Temple site.
(iii) Mazar of Muhammad Mastan. Temple site.
(iv) Mazar of Miran Husain. Temple site.
3. Karambari
(i) Mazar of Arab Sahib. Temple site.
(ii) Mazar of Mubtala Shah. Temple site.
4. Kurikyalpalayam
(i) Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Mazar of Makhdum Haji. Temple site.
(iii) Mazar of Makhdum Jahan Shah. Temple site.
5. Kurkuti, Gumbad of Hasan Qadiri alias Ghyb Sahib. Temple site.
6. Kushalpalayam
(i) Mazar of Hazrat Taj Firaq Badanshahi. Temple site.
(ii) Mazar of Hidayat Shah Arzani. Temple site.
(iii) Mazar of Yar Shah Husainshahi. Temple site.
7. Nagur
(i) Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Qadir Wali Shah. Temple site.
8. Urancheri, Mazar of Pir Qutbu’d-Din. Temple site.
9. Vijayapuram, GumbaD of Sultan Makhdum. Temple site.
10. Wadayarkari, MazAr of Bawa SAhib Shahid. Temple site.


X. Tiruchirapalli District.

1. Puttur, Mazar. Temple materials used.
2. Tiruchirapalli
(i) Dargah of NatThar Shah Wali. Converted Šiva Temple. Lingam used as lamp-post.
(ii) Masjid-i-Muhammadi. Temple site.
(iii) Mazar of Baba Muhiu’d-Din Sarmast. Temple site.
(iv) Mazar of Hazrat Fathu’llah Nuri. Temple site.
(v) Mazar of Shams Paran. Temple site.
(vi) Mazar of Sayyid Abdul Wahhab. Temple site.
(vii) Mazar of Shah Fazlu’llah Qadiri. Temple site.
(viii) Mazar of Shah Nasiru’d-Din. Temple site.
(ix) Mazar of Faridu’d-Din Shahid. Temple site.
(x) Mazar of Hazrat Chand Mastan. Temple site.
(xi) Mazar of Sayyid Zainu’l-├bidin at Tinur. Temple site.
(xii) Mazar of Sayyid Karimu’d-Din Qadiri. Temple site.
(xiii) Mazar of Alimu’llah Shah Qadiri called Barhana Shamsir (Naked Sword). Temple site.
(xiv) Mazar of Shah Imamu’d-Din Qadiri. Temple site.
(xv) Mazar of Kaki- Shah. Temple site.
(xvi) Mazar of Khwaja Aminu’d-Din Chisti. Temple site.
(xvii) Mazar of Khwaja Ahmad Shah Husain Chishti. Temple site.
(xviii) Mazar of Shah Bheka. Converted temple.
(xix) Mazar of Shah Jamalu’d-Din Husain Chishti. Temple site.
(xx) Mazar of Qayim Shah who destroyed twelve temples. Temple site.
(xxi) Mazar of Munsif Shah Suhrawardiyya. Temple site.
(xxii) Mazar of Itiffaq Shah. Temple site.
(xxiii) Mazar of Sayyid Jalal Qadiri. Temple site.
(xxiv) Mazar of Mahtab Shah Shirazi Suhrawardiyya. Temple site.
(xxv) Masjid of Haji Ibrahim where NaTThar Shah Wali (see i above) stayed on his arrival. Temple site.
3. Valikondapuram
(i) Masjid opposite the Fort. Converted temple.
(ii) Mazar near the Masjid. Converted temple.
(iii) Sher Khan-ki-Masjid (1690). Temple site.
(iv) Old Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.


XI. Tirunelvelli District.

1. Ambasamudram, Mazar of Hazrat Rahmtu’llah near the ruined Fort. Temple site.
2. Kayalpattanam
(i) Periyapalli Masjid (1336-37).
(ii) Sirupalli Masjid. Temple site.
(iii) Dargah of Nainar Muhammad. Temple site.
(iv) Marukudiyarapalli Masjid. Temple site.
3. Tirunelvelli, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple materials used.
 
 
UTTAR PRADESH

I. Agra District.

1. Agra
(i) Kalan Masjid in Saban Katra (1521). Temple materials used.
(ii) Humayun-ki-Masjid at Kachhpura (1537-38). Temple site.
(iii) Jami‘ Masjid of Jahanara (1644). Temple site.
(iv) Dargah of Kamal Khan Shahid in Dehra Bagh. Temple material uses.
(v) Riverside part of the Fort of Akbar. Jain Temple sites.
(vi) Chini ka Rauza. Temple site.
2. Bisauli, Masjid (1667-68).  Temple site.
3. Fatehpur Sikri
(i) Anbiya Wali Masjid and several others in Nagar.  Converted temples.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple materials used.
(iii) Dargah of Shykh Salim Chishti. Temple site.
(iv) Fatehpur Sikri Complex. Several temple sites.


4. Firozabad, Qadim Masjid. Temple site.
5. Jajau, Masjid. Temple site.
6. Rasulpur, Mazar of Makhdum Shah. Temple site.
7. Sikandra

(i) Maqbara of Akbar. Temple site.
(ii) Masjid in the Mission Compound. Temple site.


II. Aligarh District

1. Aligarh
(i) Idgah (1562-63). Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Shykh Jalalu’d-Din Chishti Shamsul-Arifin. Temple site.
(iii) Graveyard with several Mazars. Temple site.
(iv) Shershahi Masjid (1542). Temple site.
(v) Masjid (1676). Temple site.
2. Pilkhana, Babari or Jami‘ Masjid (1528-29). Temple: materials used.
3. Sikandara Rao, Jami‘ Masjid (1585). Temple site.


III. Allahabad District.

1. Allahabad
(i) Fort of Akbar. Temple sites.
(ii) Khusru Bagh. Temple sites.
(iii) Dargah of Shah Ajmal Khan with a Graveyard. Temple site.
(iv) Masjid (1641-22). Temple site.
(v) Gulabbari Graveyard.  Temple site.
2. Koh Inam, Jami‘ Masjid (1384). Temple site.
3. Mauima, Qadim Masjid. Temple site.
4. Shahbazpur, Masjid (1644-45). Temple site.


IV. Azamgarh District.

1. Dohrighat, Kalan Masjid. Temple site.
2. Ganjahar, Masjid (1687-88). Temple site.
3. Mehnagar, Tomb of Daulat or Abhiman. Temple site.
4. Nizambad
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Mazar of Mian Maqbul and Husain Khan Shahid (1562).  Temple sites.
5. Qasba, Humayun’s Jami‘ Masjid (1533-34). Temple site.


V. Badaun District.

1. Alapur, ├lamgiri Masjid. Temple materials used.
2. Badaun
(i) Shamsi or Jami‘ Masjid (1233). Temple materials used.
(ii) Shamsi Idgah (1209). Temple materials used.
(iii) Hauz-i-Shamsi (1203). Temple materials used.
(iv) Dargah of Shah Wilayat (1390). Temple site.
(v) Several other Masjids and Mazars. Temple sites.
3. Sahiswan, Jami‘ Masjid (1300). Temple site.
4. Ujhani, Abdullah Khan-ki-Masjid. Temple site.


VI. Bahraich District.

DargAh of Salar Mas‘ud Ghazi. Suryadeva Temple site.


VII. Ballia District. 

Kharid
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Ruknu’d-Din Shah. Temple site.


VIII. Banda District.

1. Augasi, Masjid (1581-82). Temple site.
2. Badausa, Masjid (1692). Temple site.
3. Kalinjar
(i) Masjid in Patthar Mahalla (1412-13). Converted Lakshmi-NarayaNa Temple.
(ii) Masjid (1660-61). Temple site.
(iii) Several other Masjids and Mazars. Temple sites.
4. Soron, Dargah of Shykh Jamal. Temple site.


IX. Bara Banki District.

1. Bhado Sarai, Mazar of Malamat Shah. Temple site.
2. Dewa
(i) Dargah of Haji Waris Ali Shah. Temple site.
(ii) Masjid (1665). Temple site.
3. Fatehpur
(i) Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Imambara. Temple site.
4. Radauli
(i) Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Shah Ahmad and Zuhra Bibi. Temple site.
5. Rauza Gaon, Rauza of Da‘ud Shah. Temple site.
6. Sarai-Akbarabad, Masjid (1579-80). Temple site.
7. Satrikh, Dargah of Salar Sahu Ghazi. Temple site.


X. Bareilly District.

1. Aonla
(i) Begum-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Maqbara of Ali Muhammad Rohilla. Temple site.
2. Bareilly, Mirzai Masjid (1579-80). Temple site.
3. Faridpur, Fort built by Shykh Farid. Temple materials used.


XI. Bijnor District.

1. Barmih-ka-Khera, Masjid. Temple materials used.
2. Jahanabad, Maqbara of Nawab Shuja‘at Khan. Temple site.
3. Kiratpur, Fort with a Masjid inside. Temple materials used.
4. Mandawar, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple materials used.
5. Najibabad, Patthargarh Fort. Temple materials used.
6. Nihtaur, Masjid. Temple site.
7. Seohara, Masjid. Temple site.


XII. Bulandshahar District.

1. Aurangabad Sayyid, All Masjids stand on temple sites.
2. Bulandshahar
(i) Dargah. Temple site.
(ii) Fort. Materials of many temples used.
(iii) Idgah. Temple site.
(iv) Masjid (1311). Temple site.
(v) Masjid (1538). Temple site.
(vi) Masjid (1557). Temple site.
3. Khurja, Mazar of Makhdum Sahib. Temple site.
4. Shikarpur, Several Masjids built in Sikandar Lodi’s reign. Temple sites.
5. Sikandarabad, Several Masjids built in Sikandar Lodi’ a reign.  Temple sites.


XIII. Etah District.

1. Atranjikhera, Mazar of Hazrat Husain (or Hasan). Temple site.
2. Jalesar
(i) Mazar of Miran Sayyid Ibrahim (1555). Temple site.
(ii) Fort. Temple materials used.
3. Kasganj, Jami‘ Masjid (1737-38). Temple site.
4. Marahra, Masjid and Mazar. Temple site.
5. Sakit
(i) Qadim Masjid (1285). Temple materials used.
(ii) Akbari Masjid (1563). Temple site.


XIV. Etawah District.

1. Auraiya, Two Masjids. Temple sites.
2. Etawah, Jami‘ Masjid. Converted temple.
3. Phaphund, Masjid and Mazar of Shah Bukhari (d. 1549). Temple site.


XV. Farrukhabad District.

1. Farrukhabad, Several Masjids. Temple materials used.
2. Kannauj
(i) Dina or Jami‘ Masjid (1406). Sita-ki-Rasoi. Temple materials used.
(ii) Dargah of Makhdum Jahanian. Temple materials used.
(iii) Dargah of Baba Haji Pir. Temple site.
(iv) Masjid (1663-64). Temple site.
(v) Dargah of Bala Pir. Temple site.
3. Rajgirhar, Mazar of Shykh Akhi Jamshed. Temple site.
4. Shamsabad, All Masjids and Mazars. Temple sites.


XVI. Fatehpur District.

1. Haswa, Idgah (1650-51). Temple site.
2. Hathgaon
(i) Jayachandi Masjid. Temple materials used.
(ii) Dargah of Burhan Shahid. Temple site.
3. Kora (Jahanabad)
(i) Daraah of Khwaja Karrak. Temple site.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid (1688-89). Temple site.
4. Kot, Ladin-ki-Masjid (built in 1198-99, reconstructed in 1296). Temple site.


XVII. Fyzabad District.

1. Akbarpur
(i) Qala-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Masjid (1660-61). Temple site.
2. Ayodhya
(i) Babari Masjid. RAma-Janmabhumi Temple site.
(ii) Masjid built by Aurangzeb. Swargadvara Temple site.
(iii) Masjid built by Aurangzeb. Treta-ka-Thakur Temple site.
(iv) Mazar of Shah Juran Ghuri. Temple site.
(v) Mazars of Sir Paighambar and Ayub Paighambar near Maniparvat. On the site of a Buddhist Temple which contained footmarks of the Buddha.
3. Fyzabad, Imambara. Temple site.
4. Hatila, Mazar of a Ghazi. Ašokanatha Mahadeva. Temple site.
5. Kichauchha, Dargah of Makhdum Ashraf in nearby Rasulpur. Temple site.


XVIII. Ghazipur District.

1. Bhitri
(i) Masjid and Mazar. Temple materials used.
(ii) Idgah. Temple site.
(iii) Bridge below the Idgah. Buddhist Temple materials used.
2. Ghazipur
(i) Mazar and Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Chahal Situn Palace. Temple site.
3. Hingtar
(i) Qala-ki-Masjid. Temple materials used.
(ii) Fort. Temple materials used.
4. Khagrol, Bara Khamba or Dargah of Shykh Ambar. Temple site.
5. Saidpur, Two Dargahs. Converted Buddhist Temples.


XIX. Gonda District.

Sahet-Mahet (Šravasti)
(i) Maqbara. On the plinth of Sobhnath Jain Temple.
(ii) Mazar of Miran Sayyid.  On the ruins a Buddhist Vihara.
(iii) Imli Darwaza. Temple materials used.
(iv) Karbala Darwaza. Temple materials used.


XX. Gorakhpur District.

1. Gorakhpur, Imambara. Temple site.
2. Lar, Several Masjids. Temple sites.
3. Pava, Karbala. On the ruins of a Buddhist Stupa.


XXI. Hamirpur District

1. Mahoba
(i) Masjid outside Bhainsa Darwaza of the Fort (1322). Converted temple.
(ii) Masjid built on a part of the Palace of Parmardideva on the Hill. Temple materials used.
(iii) Two Maqbaras. Temple materials used.
(iv) Dargah of Pir Muhammad Shah. Converted Siva temple.
(v) Dargah of MubArak Shah and Graveyard nearby. Contain no less than 310 pillar from demolished temples.
2. Rath, Two Maqbaras. Temple materials used.


XXII. Hardoi District.

1. Bilgram
(i) Sayyido˝-ki-Masjid. Temple materials used.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid (1438). Temple materials used.
(iii) Several other Masjids and Dargahs. Temple materials used.
2. Gopamau, Several Masjids. Temple sites.
3. Pihani
(i) Abdul Gafur-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Sadr-i-Jahan (1647-48). Temple site.
4. Sandila
(i) Qadim Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Mazar in Barah Khamba. Temple site.


XXIII. Jalaun District.

1. Kalpi
(i) Chaurasi Gumbad complex of tombs. Many temple sites.
(ii) Dargah of Shah Abdul Fath Alai Quraishi (1449). Temple site.
(iii) Dargah of Shah Babu Haji Samad (1529). Temple site.
(iv) DeoDhi or Jami‘ Masjid (1554). Temple site.
2. Katra, Masjid (1649). Temple site.


XXIV. Jaunpur District.

1. Jaunpur
(i) Atala Masjid (1408). Atala DevI Temple materials used.
(ii) Dariba Masjid. Vijayachandra’s Temple materials used.
(iii) Jha˝jari Masjid.  Jayachandra’s Temple materials used.
(iv) Lal Darwaza Masjid. Temple materials from the Višvešvara Temple at Varanasi used.
(v) HammAm Darwaza Masjid (1567-68). Temple materials used.
(vi) Ibrahim Barbak-ki-Masjid inside the Fort (1360). Temple materials used.
(vii) Jami‘ Masjid. Patala Devi Temple site.
(viii) Fort. Temple materials used.
(ix) Akbari Bridge on the Gomati. Temple materials used.
(x) Khalis Mukhlis or Char Anguli Masjid. Temple site.
(xi) Khan Jahan-ki-Masjid (1364). Temple site.
(xii) Rauza of Shah Firuz. Temple site.
2. Machhlishahar
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Karbala. Temple site.
(iii) Sixteen other Masjids. Temple sites.
3. Shahganj, Dargah of Shah Hazrat Ali. Temple site.
4. Zafarabad
(i) Masjid and Dargah of Makhdum Shah (1311 or 1321). Temple materials used.
(ii) Ibrahim Barbak-ki-Masjid. Converted temple.
(iii) Zafar Khan-ki-Masjid (1397). Converted temple.
(iv) Ganj-i-Shahidan. Temple materials used.
(v) Fort. Temple materials used.
(vi) Early Sharqi buildings including many Maqbaras. Temple materials used.
(vii) Dargah of Asaru’d-Din. Temple materials used.


XXV. Jhansi District.

1. Irich, Jami‘ Masjid (1412). Temple materials used.
2. Lalitpur, Basa Masjid (1358). Materials of four temples used.
3. Talbhat
(i) Masjid (1405). Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Pir Taj Baj. Temple site.


XXVI. Kanpur District.

1. Jajmau
(i) Dargah of Alau’d-Din Makhdum Shah (1360). Temple site.
(ii) Idgah (1307). Temple site.
(iii) Qala-ki-Masjid. Temple site.
(iv) Jami‘ Masjid (renovated in 1682). Temple site.
2. Makanpur, Mazar of Shah Madar. Converted temple.


XXVII. Lucknow District.

1. Kakori, Jha˝jhari Rauza of Makhdum Nizamu’d-Din. Temple materials used.
2. Lucknow
(i) Tilewali. Masjid Temple site.
(ii) ├safu’d-Daula Imambara. Temple site.
(iii) Dargah of Shah Muhammad Pir on Lakshmana Tila renamed Pir Muhammad Hill. Temple site.
(iv) Mazar of Shykh Ibrahim Chishti Rahmatullah. Temple materials used.
(v) Nadan Mahal or Maqbara of Shykh Abdu’r-Rahim. Temple site.
(vi) Machchi Bhavan. Temple sites.
3. Musanagar, Masjid (1662-63). Temple site.
4. Nimsar, Fort. Temple materials used.
5. Rasulpur, Masjid (1690-91). Temple site.


XXVIII. Mainpuri District. 

Rapri
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Idgah (1312). Temple site.
(iii) Dargah of Pir Faddu. Temple site.


XXIX. Mathura District.

1. Mahaban, Assi Khamba Masjid. Converted temple.
2. Mathura
(i) Idgah on the Katra Mound. Kešvadeva. Temple site.
(ii) Jami‘ Masjid built by Abdu’n-nabi (1662). Temple materials used.
(iii) Mazar of Shykh Farid. Temple materials used.
(iv) Mazar of Makhdum Shah Wilayat at Sami Ghat. Temple materials used.
3. Naujhil, Dargah of Makhdum Shykh Saheti Sahib. Temple materials used.


XXX. Mecrut District.

1. Barnawa, Humayun’s Masjid (1538-39). Temple site.
2. Garhmuktesar, Masjid (1283). Temple site.
3. Hapur, Jami‘ Masjid (1670-71). Temple site.
4. Jalali, Jami‘ Masjid (1266-67). Temple materials used.
5. Meerut
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Stands on the ruins of a Buddhist Vihara.
(ii) Dargah at Nauchandi.  Nauchandi Devi Temple site.
6. Phalauda, Dargah of Qutb Shah. Temple site.


XXXI. Mirzapur District.

1. Bhuli, Masjid in Dakhni Tola. Temple site.
2. Chunar
(i) Mazar of Shah Qasim Sulaiman. Temple site.
(ii) Fort. Temple materials used.
3. Mirzapur, Several Masjids. Temple sites.


XXXII. Moradabad District.

1. Amroha
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Converted temple.
(ii) Dargah and Masjid of Shykh Saddu. Temple site.
(iii) Dargah of Shykh Wilayat. Temple site.
(iv) Masjid (1557-58). Temple site.
(v) Many other Masjids. Temple sites.
2. Azampur, Masjid (1555-56). Temple site.
3. Bachhraon, Several Masjids. Temple sites.
4. Moradabad, Jami‘ Masjid (1630). Temple site.
5. Mughalpura-Agwanpur, Masjid (1695-96). Temple site.
6. Sirsi, Qadimi Masjid. Temple site.
7. Ujhari, Mazar of Shykh Da‘ud. Temple site.
8. Sambhal
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Converted VishNu Temple.
(ii) Masjid in Sarai Tarim (1503). Temple site.
(iii) Mazar of Mian Hatim Sambhali. Temple site.
(iv) Mazar of Shykh Panju. Temple site.


XXXIII. Muzaffarnagar District.

1. Daira Din Panah, Mazar of Sayyid Din Panah. Temple site.
2. Ghausgah, Fort and Masjid. Temple materials used.
3. Jhinjhana
(i) Dargah (1495). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid and Mazar of Shah Abdul Razzaq (1623). Temple site.
4. Kairana
(i) Dargah. Temple site.
(ii) Masjid (1551). Temple site.
(iii) Masjid (1553-54). Temple site.
(iv) Masjid (1617-18). Temple site.
(v) Masjid (1630-31). Temple site.
(vi) Masjid (1651-52). Temple site.
5. Majhera, Masjid and Mazar of Umar Nur. Temple site.
6. Sambhalhera, Two Masjids (1631-32). Temple site.
7. Thana Bhawan, Masjid (1702-03). Temple site.


XXXIV. Pilibhit District.

Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.


XXXV. Pratapgarh District.

Manikpur, Many Masjids and Mazars. On the ruins of demolished temples.


XXXVI. Rampur District.

Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.


XXXVII. Rae Bareli District.

1. Datmau
(i) Idgah (1357-58). Temple site.
(ii) Fort. On the ruins of Buddhist Stupas.
(iii) Masjid (1616). Temple site.
2. Jais
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple materials used.
(ii) Masjid (1674-75). Temple site.
3. Rae Bareli
(i) Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
(ii) Jahan Khan Masjid. Temple site.
(iii) Dargah of Makhdum Sayyid Jafari. Temple site.
(iv) Fort. Temple materials used.


XXXVIII. Saharanpur District. 

1. Ambahata
(i) Masjid (1533-34). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid (1534-35). Temple site.
2. Deoband
(i) Masjid (1510). Temple site.
(ii) Masjid (1557). Temple site.
(iii) Jami‘ Masjid (1677-78). Temple site.
3. Gangoh
(i) Mazar of Shykh Abdul Quddus. Temple site.
(ii) Three Masjids. Temple sites.
4. Jaurasi, Masjid (1675-76). Temple site.
5. Kaliyar, Dargah of Shykh Alau’d-Din Ali bin Ahmad Sabri, a disciple of Baba Farid Shakar Ganj of Pak Pattan. Temple site.
6. Manglaur
(i) Masjid (1285). Temple site.
(ii) Dargah of Shah Wilayat. Temple site.
7. Rampur, Mazar of Shykh Ibrahim. Temple site.
8. Saharanpur, Jami‘ Masjid. Temple site.
9. Sakrauda, Dargah of Shah Ruknu’d-Din or Shah Nachchan. Temple site.
10. Sirsawa, Mazar of Pir Kilkili Shah. On top of temples destroyed.


XXXIX. Shahjahanpur District.

1. Kursi, Masjid (1652). Temple site.
2. Shahjahanpur, Bahadur Khan-ki-Masjid (1647). Temple site.


XL. Sitapur District.

1. Biswan, Masjid (1637-38). Temple site.
2. Khairabad, Several Masjids. Temple sites.
3. Laharpur, Mazar of Shykh Abdu’r-Rahman. Temple site.


XLI. Sultanpur District.

1. Amethi, Mazar of Shykh Abdul Hasan. Temple site.
2. Isuli
(i) Jami‘ Masjid (1646-47). Temple site.
(ii) Mazar of Sayyid Ashraf Jahangir Simnani. Temple site.


XLII. Unao District.

1. Bangarmau
(i) BaDi Dargah of Alau’d-Din Ghanaun (1320). Temple materials used.
(ii) Dargah of Jalalu’d-DIn (d. 1302). Temple site.
(iii) ChhoTi Dargah (1374). Temple site.
(iv) Jami‘ Masjid (1384). Temple site.
2. Rasulabad, Alamgiri Masjid. Temple site.
3. Safipur
(i) Dargah of Shah Shafi. Temple materials used.
(ii) Dargah of Qudratu’llah. Temple materials used.
(iii) Dargah of Fahimu’llah. Temple materials used.
(iv) Dargah of Hafizu’llah. Temple materials used.
(v) Dargah of Abdu’llah. Temple materials used.
(vi) Fourteen Masjids. Temple sites.


XLIII. Varanasi District.

1. Asla, Shah Jahani Masjid. Temple site.
2. Varanasi
(i) Masjid at Gyanavapi. Višvešvara Temple material used.
(ii) Masjid at Panchaganga Ghat. KiriTavišvešvara Temple materials used.
(iii) Masjid and Dargah of Sayyid Fakhru’d-Din Sahib Alvi (1375) Temple site.
(iv) Bindu Madhava Masjid (1669). Converted Bi˝du-Madhava Temple.
(v) Masjid and Mazar at Bakariya Kund. Temple materials used.
(vi) ADhai Ka˝gra-ki-Masjid in Adampura. Temple site.
(vii) Darhara Masjid. Temple site.
(viii) Mazar of Lal Khan at Rajghat. Temple site.


Askariya Muslim Shrine



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