Srila Prabhupada on Srimad Bhagavatam 1.2.2,
BY: SUN STAFF
Jun 12, 2011 CANADA (SUN) A serial exploration of Srila Prabhupada's preaching on Srimad Bhagavatam.
Today we are enumerating the essential points Srila Prabhupada made in his second of two lectures on Srimad Bhagavatam 1.2.2. This lectures was given in Rome on May 26, 1974. Srila Prabhupada mentions the following (paraphrased) points, among others:
pravrajantam means to leave home in renounced order of life. Therefore a sannyasi is called parivrajakacarya. A sannyasi is supposed to be wandering without any shelter, pravrajya.
Sukadeva Gosvami, he remained sixteen years within the womb of his mother.
He was hearing his father within the womb. This is called paramahamsa.
A paramahamsa does not require any reformatory process, because they are already reformed. yam pravrajantam anupetam (SB 1.2.2). An means without. Upeta means taking shelter of guru or being offered the sacred thread.
Sukadeva did not undergo the regulative principles because he was within the womb. Without any samskara, he was going immediately, taking birth.
dvaipayano viraha-katarah (SB 1.2.2). The father certainly was expecting the son to remain at home. But Sukadeva Gosvami was simply waiting: "When I shall be fit to immediately go out of home, I shall take my birth."
So father became very much afflicted on account of separation from the son. Vyasadeva became very much aggrieved. viraha-katara ajuhava (SB 1.2.2): "My dear son, where you are going?
Putreti, "My dear son," tan-mayataya, being absorbed in the thought of putra. taravah abhinedus tam. There was, what is called, echo from the trees.
These are all adjectives of the Sukadeva Gosvami. So tam, "That person, who was just followed by his father, and he did not reply, but the trees replied by echoing, so I am offering..."
The institution of varna and asrama describes many regulative duties to be observed by the father. dasa-vidha-samskara, reformatory. It is scientific, just to bring the born child to the standard of civilization.
If a human being does like cats and dogs, how they can expect very intelligent children, advanced children? There is method, how to beget children, there is ceremony, garbhadhana-samskara, how to impregnate the wife.
garbhadhana, it is not sex enjoyment. dharma aviruddha-kamah aham asmi (Bg 7.11). Krsna says "Sex life which is not against the principles of dharma or the varnasrama principle, that is I am." Sex life also is Krsna. This is samskara.
Formerly, at least those on the higher status of the society, namely the brahmana, ksatriya, and vaisyas, had to observe this garbhadhana-samskara.
Then, when the wife is pregnant, there are other samskaras. Then upanayana-samskara, vivaha-samskara. From before birth and up to the point of death, there are samskaras.
asamskrtah kriya-hina mleccha rajanya-rupinah (SB 12.1.40). The present government men, they did not go any samskara. Formerly, the kings, they... The higher castes, never mind he is king or not, but higher caste...
The brahmanas and ksatriyas especially, and also the vaisyas, they went the samskara, reformatory. If I have taken the samskara of brahmana, if I have accepted the sacred thread, then I must act as a brahmana. It is very practical.
catur-varnyam maya srstam guna-karma-vibhagasah (Bg 4.13). Krsna says "This division, the social division--brahmana, ksatriya, vaisya, sudra--is made by Me according to quality and work." Not simply work or simply quality. You must have the quality and work, both.
You must be bona fide candidate to work for something. If you want to work as a brahmana, then you must possess all the bona fide qualities of a brahmana.
yuddhe capy apalayanam (Bg 18.43). A ksatriya is never afraid of fighting. If somebody comes forward to a ksatriya, that "I want to play chess or gamble..." Gambling was allowed to the ksatriyas.
It is by gambling all the Pandavas, they lost everything. They bet their kingdom, their wife, their everything. Then they were banished. There was a trick to make them humiliated in every respect. Aksatriya cannot refuse, if any opposing party comes to a ksatriya that "I want to fight with you," a ksatriya cannot deny. And that fighting would go up to the death, till it is decided.
There was many fights between Jarasandha and Krsna. This time, Krsna wanted to kill only Jarasandha, not so many innocent soldiers. So Krsna, Arjuna, and Bhima went to Jarasandha, and they went in the dress of brahmana.
There was fight with Bhima and Jarasandha. They would fight the whole day, and at night would dine and talk together, friendly. This is ksatriya spirit. In this way, for twenty-seven or twenty-eight days, the fighting was going on. Later on, Jarasandha was killed by the hint of Krsna.
Sukadeva Gosvami did not undergo any of these principles because he was paramahamsa, above all these things. anupetam. "The institution of varnasrama prescribed many regulative duties." dasa-vidha-samskara, ten kinds of reformatory methods. But he did not undergo.
Anyone could become brahmana. Just like Jabala Upanisad. Satyakama Jabala. This Satyakama was the son of a prostitute. He admitted, his mother does not know whose son he is. So Gautama Muni accepted him as disciple because he was truthful.
In the Kali-yuga especially, there is no Vedic system of reformatory process. It is the pancaratriki-vidhi, that anyone has got a little qualification for becoming brahmana, he is accepted by the spiritual master and he is trained up, he is initiated, just to make him a complete brahmana.
The bona fide spiritual master is called acarya, or the acarya can become a bona fide spiritual master. Acarya means who knows the purport of the sastra, and he behaves himself according to the shastric regulative principle and teaches his disciple in that way. Acarya means whose behavior, whose activities should be followed.
If in society the varnasrama-dharma is not there, they are not human beings. They are called animals or mlecchas, yavanas. Civilized society means he must know, he must have undergone all the regulative principles.
"Generally, a man is born as an ordinary being, and by the purificatory processes he is born for the second time." This is called dvija, second time, by the spiritual master.
In the beginning we do not ask anybody to become initiated or a brahmana. No. We simply invite a person to join the chanting. This is our process. We should strictly follow this. In the beginning, we should not ask that "You have to do this, you have to..."
Everyone should be given chance because in the Kali-yuga there is no reformatory system. Everyone is born sudra and less than that, candala. They should not be neglected. The duty of Vaisnava is to reclaim these fallen souls. mam hi partha vyapasritya (Bg 9.32).
striyo vaisyah (Bg 9.32)... Formerly, even the woman and the mercantile community and sudras, they were also considered as papa-yoni. Papa-yoni means whose brain is not very developed.
The supreme destination, back to Godhead, back to home, is for everyone. God does not say, "Only the brahmana class of men, please come here. Others all rejected."
"Everyone has got the potency of coming to Me, go back to home, back to Godhead." That is admitted by Krsna. Who will make them qualified to go back to Godhead? That is the Vaisnava, those who are actually very sincere servant of Krsna. It is their duty.
One should be willing to go back to Godhead and take shelter
In South India now, the Communists, the so-called low-class people, sudras and candalas, they are now in majority, and reject the brahmanas, who are are now hiding themselves. This is not Vedic culture.
Prahlada Maharaja said, "My Lord, I do not wish to go back to home, back to Godhead alone. I want to take all of them who are godless or not devotee. Unless I educate them how to go back to home, I alone am not prepared to go..." This is Prahlada. This is Vaisnava. para-duhkha-duhkhi krpambudhir yah (Vilapa Kusumanjali). Vaisnava means for himself he has no problem, but he is very, very morose seeing others in distressed condition without Krsna consciousness.
A Vaisnava has no problem. He can sit down anywhere and chant Hare Krsna. Everything will be supplied to him. yoga-ksemam vahamy aham (Bg. 9.22). But it is a Vaisnava's business to execute the will of Krsna -- mam hi partha vyapasritya (Bg 9.32).
If everyone has got the potency to go back to home, back to Godhead, it is the duty of the Vaisnava to educate the whole world how to go back to home, back to Godhead. This is Krsna consciousness movement. This is Krsna consciousness movement.
Bhaktivedanta Book Trust
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