Sri Krsna's Vrindavan Associates – Sridama,
BY: SUN STAFF
Celebrating the Defeat of Prahlambhasura
Bhaktivedanta Book Trust
Apr 08, 2011 CANADA (SUN) A serial presentation of Sri Krsna's transcendental Vrindavan associates.
Today we continue our discussion of Lord Krsna's priya-sakha friend, Sridama dasa, who enjoyed many transcendental pastimes in Vraja with Krsna, Radha and the cowherds. Sri Krsna's relationship with gopa Sridama also manifested during His Gaura-lila pastimes. As described in the Garuda Purana:
"The Supreme Personality of Godhead, who enjoyed glorious pastimes with Sridama, Dama, and the other gopa boys in Vrindavana forest… will again come to this world to reveal the nature of pure spiritual love. At that time His name will be Caitanya."
Lord Caitanya sometimes manifested His ecstasies of Vraj Lila, calling out for His friend Sridama. Such pastimes are described in Sri Navadvipa Bhava-taranga by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakur:
"Enchanting Ritudvipa is filled with attractive forests. The seasons headed by spring perform eternal service to the Lord here. This Ritudvipa is the abode of transcendental bliss, for it is part of the area of Radha-kunda in Vraja.
While singing the glories of Krishna and remembering Krishna's pastimes as a cowherd, sometimes Gauranga would loudly call again and again the names of the cows, "Syamali! Dhubali!" He would then cry as He called out for Subala and Sridama."
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Thakur also mentions Sridama sakha in relationship to Lord Caitanya. In Sri Guru Reciprocates in all Rasas, he describes how Mahaprabhu manifests His glories in various ways:
"There are different ways in which different persons whose faculty of spiritual consciousness has been aroused judge about their own requirements. Every enlightened person is privileged to have a sight of Sri Gurudev in accordance with his particular mode of judgment. Sri Gurudev is that real entity who thus reveals himself to the view of enlightened souls in a variety of ways.
Sri Gurudev is the daughter of Vrishabhanu (Sri Radha) in the madhurya-rasa (the spiritual humor of the sweetness of divine amour). Realized by the method of the rasa of parental affection, Sri Gurudev reveals himself as Nanda-Yashoda. In the rasa of friendly affection he is Sridama-Sudama. In the rasa of the devotion of servants to the master, the lotus feet of Sri Guru act as Chitrak-Patrak. The consideration of all these asrayas, devotees, about the visaya, Krishna rises naturally in the heart as one progresses in the service of Sri Guru. These subjects do not manifest themselves in the course of any artificial process. They are aroused spontaneously in the consciousness of fortunate souls on the appearance of the disposition for spiritual service of the divinity. We have no other function than the service of Sri Guru. By means of the adulterated consciousness of the material world it is not possible to discuss the eternal pastimes of Godhead that are inaccessible even to Shesha, Shiva, Brahma, and similar great personalities."
(Sri Guru Reciprocates in all Rasas)
Sri Abhirama Thakur
The Lord's dearmost companion Sridama also took birth during Gaura-lila, in the personality of Sri Abhirama Thakur:
pura shridama-namasid abhiramo’dhuna mahan
dvatrimshata janair eva vahyam kashtham uvaha sah
He who was previously known as Sridama is today Abhirama Thakur. He picked up a piece of wood that it took 32 men to lift.
Thakur lived with his wife Malini in the village of Khanakul
Krishnanagara in the Hooghly district. Khana refers to the Dvarakesvara
River, kula means banks; thus, the village of Krishnanagara on the banks
of the Dvarakesvara River is also known as Khanakula Krishnanagara. At
the doors of his temple stands a large Bakula tree which is known as the
Siddha-bakula, and the place is popularly called Siddha-bakula Kunja.
This is the place where Abhirama Thakur first sat down when he arrived
in the village. The Gopinath deity was found when digging for a tank
first began. This tank goes by the name of Sri Abhirama Kund. The temple
also houses the deities of Vrajavallabha, Gopal and a Salagram Sila.
Abhirama Thakur was a very vigorous and powerful acharya. He engaged in
preaching on the orders of Lord Nityananda and saved many atheists and
people opposed to the Vaishnava religion.
Goswami possessed a fiery temper and great spiritual power. The
atheists trembled whenever they saw him. He was intoxicated as though he
had been possessed by Nityananda, and his enchanting mercies are famed
throughout the world.
Das Abhirama was fully absorbed in the mood of friendship. He lifted a
flute which contained sixteen knots. (Chaitanya Charitamrita 1.10.116)
reference in the Chaitanya Charitamrita is also that found in the
Gaura-ganoddesha-dipika which says that Abhirama Thakur lifted a log
which would normally have taken 32 people to lift. The Bhakti-ratnakara
states that it would have taken hundreds of people. After lifting it, he
held it like a flute.
He held in his hands a piece of wood that a hundred men could not move, in the way one holds a flute.
devotees were greatly astonished when they saw him perform such
superhuman feats. According to one legend, whenever Abhirama Thakur paid
his obeisances to a stone or statue, if it was not a Vishnu-shila or a
consecrated deity, it would crack or be reduced to powder. Non-devotees
were also unable to tolerate his pranamas. Nityananda’s son Virachandra
Goswami and daughter Ganga Devi survived his obeisances, which confirmed
their divinity. These things are written in ashtakas composed by
Abhirama Thakur in their name.
Abhirama Thakur possessed an amazing whip which he named Jaya-mangala.
Anyone who was touched by this whip would immediately experience the
transcendental ecstasies of prema. One day Srinivas Acharya visited
Abhirama Thakur who gave him three lashes with that whip. Abhirama’s
wife Malini stopped her husband from hitting him again, saying that
Srinivas was just a young lad who wouldn’t be able to tolerate the
effects of divine love. Nevertheless, Srinivas Acharya was very dear to
Abhirama and received many blessings from him. Though not his initiated
disciple, he was like a disciple to him. The Jaya-mangala whip is still
held in the Krishnanagara temple.
In the Bhakti-ratnakara, the following statement is also made:
Srinivas! How much more can I say? Abhirama descended into this world
in order to deliver it. Taking birth in a Brahmin family, he became a
scholar in all the scriptures and was an unequalled musician, not only
in song and playing musical instruments, but in dance also. He married
at Nityananda Balaram’s request. His wife Malini is also indescribably
people say that the Bali Math in Puri was established by Abhirama
Thakur. An annual festival is held in Khanakula Krishnanagara on his
disappearance day, i.e., the Chaitra krishna saptami.
parama-guru, Jagad-guru Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Goswami Thakur
visited this site when travelling on the parikrama of Sri Gaura Mandala.
At that time, the devotees charged with the temple greeted him with
great hospitality and honored him and his followers with special
Excerpted from Sri Chaitanya: His Life & Associates by Srila Bhakti Ballabh Tirtha Maharaj
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