Srila Baladeva Vidyabhusana became learned in Sanskrit grammar, poetry, rhetoric, and logic at an early age. Becoming expert in all these subjects, he wandered to many places of pilgrimage, visiting a temple of the Tattvavadi followers of Sri Madhvacharya. There, he became expert in tattvavada-siddhanta, after which he renounced the world and began preaching tattvavada-siddhanta throughout India.
He eventually came to Jagannatha Puri, where he met Sri Radha-Damodara, who instructed Baladeva on the Lord's pastimes and teachings on Gaudiya Vaishanva siddhanta. After hearing this wisdom, Baladeva was deeply moved, and took initiation into the Radha-Krishna mantra. He began to study Jiva Goswami's Sat-Sandarbhas, and quickly became expert in Gaudiya Vaishanva siddhanta. Afterwards, he went to Vrindavan and took shelter of Vishvanatha Cakravarti Thakura, with whom he spent much time. Vishvanatha Chakravarti taught Baladeva the acintya-bhdeda-bheda philosophy of Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Following Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the Acaryas of the Madhva-Gaudiya Sampradaya took Srimad-Bhagavatam as the correct commentary on Brahma-sutra, and therefore did not make any further commentary on the Brahma-sutra. But in Jaipur, during the time of Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakura, the Gaudiya Sampradaya was challenged by the Ramanuja sampradaya as having no written commentary on Vedanta Sutra. On Visvanatha Cakravarti's direct instruction, Baladeva Vidyabhusana therefore wrote the Govinda Bhasya.
Govinda Bhasya is the Gaudiya Vaisnava Sampradaya's commentary on Vedanta Sutra. Baladeva Vidyabhusana compiled this commentary under the inspiration of Lord Govinda Himself, hence the name "Govinda Bhasya". The Prameya Ratnavali (Jewel-compilation of Evidence) was compiled along with Govinda Bhasya, and further establishes the scriptural basis of the Gaudiya school. Srila Baladeva Vidyabhusana disappeared from this world in 1768 A.D.