Sri Caitanya's Nectarian River Pastimes, Part 21


Krtamala (Vaigai) River in Stormy Weather
[Photo by Oochappan]

Nov 02, 2015 — CANADA (SUN) — Sri Caitanya's transcendental pastimes with rivers.

The Tinebheli River

In Sri Caitanya-caritamrta Madhya lila 9 there is a description of Lord Caitanya's travels in South India, including a stop at Tamraparni in Pandya-desa. In his purport to Madhya 9.218, Srila Prabhupada writes:

    Madhya lila 9.218

    sei ratri tahan rahi' tanre krpa kari'
    pandya-dese tamraparni gela gaurahari

    "Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu passed that night in the house of the brahmana. Then, after showing him mercy, the Lord started toward Tamraparni in Pandya-desa.

    Pandya-desa is situated in the southern part of India known as Kerala and Cola. In all these areas there were many kings with the title Pandya who ruled over Madurai and Ramesvara. In the Ramayana the name of Tamraparni is mentioned. Tamraparni is also known as Purunai and is situated on the bank of the Tinebheli River. This river flows into the Bay of Bengal."

There are several different locales mentioned in sastra by the name Tamraparni. One of these, situated on the banks of Tinebheli River, was also known as Purunai. This place, located in Tamil Nadu, is the Tinebheli which Mahaprabhu visited in the passage from Madhya-lila, above.

Elsewhere, in his purport to Madhya 9.79, Srila Prabhupada mentions Tinebheli district, and that the Tamraparni River is nearby. This is in the context of Lord Caitanya's visit to Sri Ranga-kshetra:

    "According to some, the place known as Papanasana was located eight miles southwest of Kumbhakonnam. Others say that in the district of Tinebheli there is a city known as Palamakota and that Twenty miles west of there is the holy place known as Papanasana, near the river Tamraparni. Sri Ranga-ksetra is a very famous place. Near Tiruchchirapalli is a river named Kaveri, or Kolirana."


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