Sri Amnaya-sutra

BY: SUN STAFF

Nov 07, 2010 — CANADA (SUN) — By HDG Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura


Sutra 1

athata amnaya-sutram pravakshyamah

    atha-now; atahthen; amnaya-sutram-the Amnaya-sutra; pravakshyamahwe-will speak.

    Now we will speak the Amnaya-sutra.

Commentary by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura

    natva sri-krishna-caitanyam
    jagad-acarya-vigraham
    kena bhaktivinodena
    vaishnavanam prasadatah
    pramanair ashtabhih shadbhir
    lingair vedartha-nirnayam
    abhidha-vrittim asritya
    sabdanam ca viseshatah
    trimsottara-satam sutram
    racitam mahad-ajnaya
    pathantu vaishnavah sarve
    caitanya-pada-sevinah

    "Bowing down before Lord Sri Krishna Caitanya, the teacher of the the entire world, a certain person named Bhaktivinoda, by the grace of the Vaishnavas and by the order of the great souls, has composed 130 sutras describing the final conclusion of the Vedas, a conclusion attained by studying the eight sources of evidence, the six signs, and the direct and indirect interpretation of words. May all the Vaishnavas who serve Lord Caitanya's feet study these sutras."


Sutra 2

tattvam ekam evadvitiyam

    tattvamthe-Absolute Truth; ekamone evain deed; advitiyam without a second.

    The Absolute Truth is one without a second.

Commentary by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura

In the Chandogya Upanishad it is said:

    sad eva saumyedam agra asid ekam evadvitiyam

    "O gentle one, in the beginning only the Absolute Truth, who is one without a second, existed."

In the Brihad-aranyaka Upanishad it is said:

    purnam adah purnam idam
    purnat purnam udacyate
    purnasya purnam adaya
    purnam evavasisyate

    "The Personality Godhead is perfect and complete, and because He is completely perfect, all emanations from Him, such as this phenomenal world, are perfectly equipped as complete wholes. Whatever is produced of the complete whole is also complete in itself. Because He is the complete whole, even though so many complete units emanate from Him, He remains the complete balance."

In Srimad-Bhagavatam (2.9.33) it is said:

    aham evasam evagre
    nanyad yat sad asat param
    pascad aham yad etac ca
    yo 'vasishyeta so 'smy aham

    "Brahma, it is I, the Personality of Godhead, who was existing before the creation, when there was nothing but Myself. Nor was there the material nature, the cause of this creation. That which you see now is also I, the Personality of Godhead, and after annihilation what remains will also be I, the Personality of Godhead."

In Sri Caitanya-caritamrita (Madhya 20.152), Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu says:

    krishnera svarupa-vicara suna sanatana
    advaya-jnana tattva vraje vrajendra-nandana

    "O Sanatana, please hear about the eternal form of Lord Krishna. He is the absolute Truth, devoid of duality but present in Vrindavana as the son of Nanda Maharaja."


Sutra 3

nityam acintya-saktikam

    nityam-eternal; acintya-inconceivable; saktikam-potencies.

    He has inconceivable potencies eternally.

Commentary by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura

In the Svetasvatara Upanishad it is said:

    vicitra-saktih purushah purano
    canyesham saktayas tadrisasyuh
    eko vasi sarva-bhutantaratma
    sarvan devan eka evanuvishtah

    "The Supreme Lord is the oldest, the original person. His powers are inconceivable. Everything is His potency. He is the Supreme Controller, the Supersoul in everyone's heart. He alone has entered the hearts of all the demigods."

In the Hayasirsha-pancaratra it is said:

    paramatma hari-devas
    tac-chaktih srir ihodita
    sri-devi prakritih prokta
    kesavah purushah smritah

    "Lord Hari is the Supreme Personality of Godhead and the goddess of fortune is His transcendental potency. He is the Supreme God and she the Supreme Goddess."

Srila Jiva Gosvami explains:

    sarvesham bhavanam pavakasyoshnata-vad acintya-jana-gocarah saktayah santy eva. brahmanas ta sva-bhava-bhutah svarupad abhinna-saktayah.

    "The Supreme Personality of Godhead has many inconceivable potencies, all manifested from His transcendental form. As heat is not different from fire, so the Lord's potencies are not different from the Lord Himself."



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