The Vedic Fathers of Geology, Part 17


Chud the Subterranean
Nicholas Roerich, c. 1928

Oct 10, 2016 — CANADA (SUN) — The last in a serial presentation on Vedic discoveries in Geology, from the book by Narayan Bhavanrao Pavgee.

As corroboration of the fact of our Cradle having been in Aryavarta, I may with advantage quote here some noted researchers and great authors of the West, as that will serve as an unbiased testimony, and be considered as an independent source of evidence.

Says Curzon: "From these considerations, it follows that there is not sufficient foundation for the hypothesis that the ancient Aryans, Indians, or Hindus, entered India Proper from some external region. On the contrary, the facts above delineated point to the conclusion that the rise, progress advanced in the arts, and civilization of these remarkable people, are the growth of their own land and communicated to other nations..." (Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol. XVI, May 1854, Part II, p. 199).

Hofer argues that since the most archaic forms of Aryan speech are preserved in the Rig-Veda and the Avesta, the cradle of the Aryans must have been in the region where Sanskrit and Zend were spoken. (vide The Origin of the Aryas by Isaac Taylor, p. 39, Second Edition) But, Aryavarta has only been the place where Sanskrit language has been spoken from time immemorial, as has been proved and said by Max Muller (What Can India Teach Us? , pp. 78, 79, 80, Ed. 1883); whereas, Roth says that of the two sources, viz. the Vedic and the Avestic, "the Vedic has continued fuller, purer, and truer to its original character, while the other has become in many ways polluted…" (Journal of German Oriental Society, 1848, p. 216)

Cruiser, a French avant, writes in unequival language that, "I there is a country on earth which can justly claim the honour of having been the cradle of the human race, or at least the scene of primitive civilization, the successive developments of which carried into all parts of the ancient world, and even beyond, the blessings of knowledge which is the second life of man, that country assuredly is India."

Moreover, M. Louis Jacolliot says: "India is the world's cradle; thence it is that the common mother in sending forth her children even to the utmost West has, in unfading testimony of our origin, bequeathed us the legacy of her language, her laws, her morale, her literature, and her religion."

"Traversing Persia, Arabia, Egypt, and even forcing their way to the cold and cloudy North, far from the sunny soil of their birth; in vain they may forget their point of departure, their skin may remain brown, or become white from contact with snows of the West..." (La Bible Dans L' Ind. , pp. VII, VIII, Edition 1870)

In the same way, Count Bjornstjerna also says, "It is there (in Aryavarta) we must seek not only for the cradle of the Brahmin religion, but for the cradle of the high civilization of the Hindus, which gradually extended itself in the West to Ethiopia, to Egypt, to Phaenicia; in the East to Siam, to China, and to Japan; in the South to Ceylon, to Java, and to Sumatra; in the North to Persia, to Caldaea, and to Colchis, whence it came to Greece and to Rome, and at length to the remote abode of the Hyperboreans." (Theogony of the Hindus, p. 168)

Last but not least, Mr. Pococke writes as follows: "The mighty human tide that passed the barrier of the Punjab, rolled onward towards its destined channel in Europe and in Asia, to fulfill its beneficent office in the moral fertilization of the world." (India in Greece, p. 26)

It is, however, not the province of this work to cite evidence and give details for proving the Aryan Cradle in Aryavarta. I would, therefore, only recapitulate in brief some main points against the Arctic theory, the European hypothesis, and the Central Asian question, to avoid misunderstanding. The supposition that the tropics were too hot for life, even after the Polar regions and temperate zones were inhabited, is open to question on physical grounds, and appears contradicted by the similarity of Silurian fossils in the Southern hemisphere to those in the northern. (vide Manual of the Geology of India by Messrs. Medlicott and Blanford, p. XXII). Besides, "there are very curious indications of a low temperature having prevailed in the Indian area, in very ancient epochs." (Manual of Indian Geology, p. XXII)

Path to Kailash
Nicholas Roerich, c. 1931

Moreover, the discovery of the fossils belonging to the Vindhyan or Algonkian Era, in the Salt Range of the Punjab, indicates that Aryavarta or the Land of the Seven Rivers, having sufficiently cooled down, had enjoyed a low temperature and mild climate even during Pre-Cambrian and subsequent Epochs. Since life in Aryavarta has been proved by geological evidence to be older than even the Lowest Cambrian Age, as Dr. Noetling had declared to say that, a series of strata containing fossils called Olenellus and various remains of Annelida, &c., was found in North-West India, and in the Salt Range of the Punjab, and that they were really of older age than the Lowest Cambrian, that is, of the Purana, Vindhyan, Pre-Cambrian, or Algonkian Era. (vide ante pp. 102,114; The Student's Lyell, Edited by Judd, p. 438, 1907; The Imperial Gazetteer and the Indian Empire, Vol. I, p. 55, Ed. 1907)

While, in the Arctic regions, vitality does not seem to have been even of the Ordovician Era, much less of the Cambrian Period, as geologists appear to have noted life in the Arctic regions only from the Silurian Epoch. (vide Intermediate Text Book of Geology by Lapworth, p. 228, Edition 1899; Dr. Dana's Manual of Geology, p. 206, Edition 1863)

Farther, the theory that the Aryans migrated from North to South, and as such were immigrants in Aryavarta or the Land of the Seven Rivers, does not hold water, as "the cases are not sufficiently numerous to indicate any law of migration from North to South" (vide Medlicott and Blanford's Manual of Geology, p. xx), and the tendency to survival in India is not universal. (Manual of Geology, p. L xx)

In the light o these facts, as also the Vedic, Avestic, Foreign, and Geological evidence herein before cited (pp. 34..@ 76, 77 @ 82, 83, 141 154), we can fairly say that it was from Aryavarta or the Land of the renowned Seven Rivers, our Home and Cradle, that we had gone to the Arctic Regions, where our Rig-Vedic Fore-fathers and their hoary ancestors had established stupendous fabric of our Colonial Empire. While enjoying there the genial climate of the place (ante p. 63), signs of destructive frost became visible all of a sudden, and in no time, there were seen devastating floods of thick sheets of Snow and Ice everywhere. Evidently, the Great Ice Age had made its appearance, and it had affected the higher latitudes alike of the Old and the New World. This, therefore, compelled Manu, the leader of our Colonies, as also other Colonists to abandon the once genial regions. Manu, accordingly, endeavoured to return Home to Aryavarta, while others effected their retreat to such places as could afford them shelter from the ravages of the Ice-floods, or as they were able to choose under the circumstances (vide ante pp, 135, 138, 144, 145, 148 ).

Now, just as in the Vedas, so also in the Avesta, we have unassailable evidence in respect of the advent of the Great Ice Age called the Glacial Period, to which, therefore, reference has already been made from time to time (vide ante pp. 35, 63, 72, 73, 76, 77, 81, 82). Our Vedic Geologists, however, had divided this Glacial Epoch of enormous length (vide above pp. 84, 85), into three Yugas, viz. Krita, Treta, and Dvapara; while Kali was according to their notion, the beginning of the Quaternary Age. All this, therefore, seems to have been very well described and scrupulously observed by our Vedic Rishis, which no ancient nation whatever had done, with the eye of an expert, the zeal of the Geologist, and the accuracy of a careful observer, as due regard appears to have been paid to the functions of each Yuga, of which, by the bye, the requisite details have been given before (vide ante pp. 144, 145, 146 @ 148 ), and in mentioning which, our Vedic Rishis have certainly shown themselves to be immeasurably in advance of the times.

In fact, just as the Great Ice Age finds place in the Science of Geology as cultivated in the Occident, the aforesaid four Yugas form but one important Episode in the Vedic Geology of the Orient. The Reader, therefore, will have easily perceived that our Vedic fore-fathers, having seen the Great Ice Age, they were good enough to kindly give to their progeny and to the world the true picture and lively account of what they themselves had seen, heard, or known by tradition, and have thereby placed them under deep obligation.

Thus, the afore-said passage from the Aitatreya Brahmana, quoted above on page 143, presents to us a vivid sketch of the Glacial Era, and of the commencement of the Quaternary or Recent Period in its true colours, though the language used therein seems to us, at this distant date, enigmatical, and the sense abstruse. However, the description, though brief, is yet terse and graphic, and brings vividly to our mind the chain of events as had then occurred.

Thus ends The Vedic Fathers of Geology by Narayan Bhavanrao Pavgee (Poona, 1912)

Krishna Fluting
Nicholas Roerich, c. 1938

To purchase soft-cover copies of Vedic Fathers of Geology, please contact the author's grand-grandson, Sanjiv Pavgi at or


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