The Transcendental Arts of Srimati Radharani, Part 3

BY: SUN STAFF

Radha and Krsna Looking Into a Mirror
National Museum, Delhi , c. 1800


Sep 16, 2013 — CANADA (SUN) — A serial exploration of the 64 transcendental arts.

Before we proceed with our study of the individual items which comprise the list of Srimati Radharani's 64 transcendental arts, we will begin to look at some of the suggested categorizations of items on such various lists. One Tamil list offers the following categorization of Sri Krsna's chausath kalas (64 arts) into ten areas of accomplishment.

The numbered items are Krsna's 64 arts. The items in blue are those also included on Radharani's list, although the wording of some may be slightly different. Other items on Krsna's and Radha's lists are somewhat general matches, but the specificity of one or the other prevents consolidating the two. Instead, we have included the remaining items on Radha's list, in red, each in the appropriate section according to this division of classic Vedic arts:

A. TOILET

    1. Make-up, toilet and use of beautifying agents

    2. Painting the body, and colouring the nails, hair, etc.

    3. Decoration of the forehead

    art of applying preparations for cleansing the teeth, cloths and painting the body

    art of practical application of aromatics

B. DRESSING

    4. Art of hair dressing

    5. Art of dressing

    6. Proper matching of decorations and jewellery

    art of practically setting the coronet on the head

    art of decorating the tragus of the ear

    art of applying or setting ornaments

C. MUSIC AND DANCING

    7. Singing

    8. Playing on musical instruments (specifically, on lute and small x-shaped drum)

    9. Playing on musical glasses filled with water

    art of playing on music in water

    10. Acting

    11. Dancing

D. GENERAL EDUCATION

    12. Good manners and etiquette

    13. Knowledge of different languages and dialects

    14. Knowledge of vocabularies

    15. Knowledge of rhetoric or figures of speech

    art of conversation

    art of talking with letters and fingers

    16. Reading

    17. Reciting poems

    art of reciting books

    art of caping or reciting verse for verse as a trial for memory or skill

    art of the use of lexicography and meters

    18. Criticism of poems

    19. Criticism of dramas and analysis of stories

    20. Filling up the missing line of a poem

    21. Composing poems to order

    art of enacting short plays and anecdotes

    art of composing verse mentally

    art of designing a literary work or a medical remedy

    22. Reply in verse (call and response poetry recitation)

    23. The art of speaking by changing the forms of words

    art of making and solving riddles

    art of fabricating barbarous or foreign sophistry

    art of practicing language difficult to be answered by others

    24. Art of knowing the character of a man from his features

    25. Art of attracting others (bewitching)

    art of knowing prediction by heavenly voice or knowing preparation of toy carts by flowers

E. DOMESTIC SCIENCE

    26. Art of cooking

    27. Preparation of different beverages, sweet and acid drinks, chutneys, etc.

    28. Sewing and needle work

    29. Making of different beds for different purposes and for different seasons

    art of covering the bed

    art of awakening with music at dawn

F. PHYSICAL CULTURE

    30. Physical culture

    31. Skill in youthful sports

    32. Swimming and water-sports, games

    art of splashing with water

    33. Games of dice, chess, etc.

    34. Games of chance

    35. Puzzles and their solution

    36. Arithmetical games

    art of using children's toys

G. ART OF ENTERTAINING

    37. Magic: art of creating illusions

    38. Trick of hand

    art of jugglery

    art of concealment of cloths

    39. Mimicry or imitation (of voice or sounds)

    40. Art of disguise

H. FINE ARTS

    41. Painting in colours

    art of practically applying an admixture of colors

    art of making the groundwork of jewels

    42. Stringing flowers into garlands and other ornaments for decorating the body, such as crowns, clapnets, etc.

    art of designing a preparation of wreaths

    art of making a covering of flowers for a bed

    art of preparing offerings from rice and flowers

    43. Floral decorations of carriages

    44. Making of artificial flowers

    45. Preparation of ear-rings of shell, ivory, etc.

    46. Making birds, flowers, etc., of thread or yarn

    47. Clay-modelling: making figures and images

    48. The art of changing the appearance of things such as making cotton appear as silk

    art of kaucumara - a kind of art

    art of spinning by spindle

I. PET ANIMALS

    49. Training parrots and other birds to talk

    50. Training rams and cocks and other birds for mock fight

J. PROFESSIONAL TRAINING

    51. Gardening and agriculture

    52. Preparation of perfumery

    53. Making furniture from canes and reeds

    54. Wood-engraving

    55. Carpentry

    56. Knowledge of machinery

    57. Construction of buildings (architecture)

    art of practicing as a builder of shrines called after him

    58. Floor decoration with coloured stones

    59. Knowledge of metals

    60. Knowledge of gems and jewels

    art of the use of amulets

    61. Colouring precious stones

    art of engineering

    art of mineralogy

    62. Art of war

    art of enforcing discipline

    art of gaining victory

    art of designing preparation of shield, cane and arrows

    63. Knowledge of code words

    64. Signals for conveying messages


When this series resumes, we'll begin to explore in-depth each one of the 64 transcendental arts of Srimati Radharani.




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