From Sri Brihad-Bhagavatamirta
"The Nectar of the Supreme Personality of Godhead"
of Srila Sanatana Gosvami
1 Glory to He who is a great
ocean of many sweetnesses, who is scented with the fragrance of youth,
and who, in the form of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, descended (to this
world) to give pure love for His own lotus feet and to personally taste
the perfect eternal love felt by the gopis.
2 Glory to the gopis headed by
Srimati Radharani, who are famous as the beloveds of the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, and the sweetness of whose intimate relationship
with Lord Hari no one will ever have the slightest power to describe.
3 Glory to Lord Hari who,
seeing the very sweet love His dear devotees bear for Him, eagerly
descended (to this world) in the form of a devotee, who is now splendid
as gold, who is dressed as a sannyasi, who is the son of Srimati
Saci-devi, and who bears the name Sri Krsna Caitanya.
4 Glory to Goddess Mathura, the
best and most beautiful of cities, dear to Lord Krsna, beautified with
His birth-pastime, the place where His pastimes are narrated eternally,
the place that, because it removes all sins and grants liberation and
devotional service, is eternally glorified in this world.
5 Glory, glory to Vrndavana
forest, the place dearer to Lord Krsna than the transcendental realm of
Vaikuntha, the place where Lord Krsna eternally protects the surabhi
cows, and where, sweetly playing the flute, He arouses the pure love of
the gopis in the arena of the rasa dance.
6 Glory to the Yamuna River,
which is the daughter of the sun-god, the sister of Yamaraja, the friend
of Mathura, superior to Ganges, and very dear to Lord Krsna, and which
flows with what seems to be water but is actually the nectar of the
lotus flower of Lord Krsna's feet.
7 Glory to Govardhana Hill, the
king of mountains, the hill the gopis declared was the best servant of
Lord Hari, the hill personally worshipped by Lord Krsna when He stopped
the Indra-yajna, the hill that for seven days rested on Lord Krsna's
8 Glory, glory to devotional
service in pure love for Krsna. Rejected by the devotees, finally
understanding the confidential secret of all Vedic knowledge, and
abandoning all trust in mantra chanting, Vedic sacrifices, and severe
austerity, liberation now worships the feet of devotional service.
Liberation now yearns to take shelter of the feet of devotion.
9 All glories, all glories, to
the all-blissful holy name of Sri Krsna, which causes the devotee to
give up all conventional religious duties, meditation, and worship.
When somehow or other uttered even once by a living entity, the holy
name awards him liberation. The holy name of Krsna is the highest
nectar. It is my very life and my only treasure.*
10 Obeisances to boundlessly
merciful Lord Sri Krsnacandra who, appearing as Sri Caitanya,
distributed the nectar of pure love of God in the age of Kali.
11 This book is bhakti literatures' essence, which was revealed by the Lord who is dear to the heart.
Note: The Lord who is dear to
the heart is Nanda's son, who plays the flute and whose handsome form
gracefully bends in three places. By his mercy He appeared in the heart
and revealed the truth of devotional service.
Another interpretation is
"Caitanyadeve" is "Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu" and "rupa" is "Srila Rupa
Gosvami". Then the phrase becomes: "which was revealed by Srila Rupa
Gosvami, who is dear to Lord Caitanyadeva."
12 May the saintly devotees
hear this confidential book, the Bhagavatamrta (the nectar of the
Supreme Personality of Godhead and His devotees), which Jaimini Rsi
affectionately spoke to Maharaja Janamejaya.
13 Hearing the wonderful story
of Mahabharata from Jaimini, the king of sages, and becoming very eager
to hear more, Maharaja Janamejaya, the son of Maharaja Pariksit, asked:
14 Sri Janamejaya said: O
brahmana, the sweet nectar I found in your narration of Mahabharata I
did not find in Vaisampayana's version. Please now sweetly finish that
15-17 Sri Jaimini said: Of Sri
Pariksit, who was the best of kings, and who by Sukadeva's instructions
had become free of all fears, wise in all spiritual knowledge, and
plunged in love for Sri Krsna, and who at that moment was about to
ascend to his desired destination (in the spiritual world), his mother,
Uttara, who was a great devotee of Lord Krsna, who was flooded with
love, and who was first distressed, and then, encouraged by her son, had
become cheerful, asked:
18 Sri Uttara said: Son, as nectar was taken from the ocean of milk, please extract for me the essence of Sukadeva's teachings.
19 Sri Jaimini said: Maharaja
Pariksit, who was both affectionate to his mother and eager to repeat
the very wonderful nectar history of Lord Govinda he had heard,
20 Maharaja Pariksit said:
Mother, although at this time I wished to follow a vow of silence, the
sweetness of your question makes me eager to speak.
21-3 Bowing down, by my guru
Srila Sukadeva Gosvami's mercy, to the infallible Supreme Personality of
Godhead, who gave life to both you and your son, by the power of his
mercy I will speak the beautiful Bhagavatamrta, the nectar of the
Supreme Personality of Godhead and His devotees, which the great
devotees extracted with great effort, which is the great conclusion of
the assembly of sages, and which is a great secret. Please listen with
24-5 Once, during the month of
Magha, at Prayaga, the best of holy places, many great sages bathed in
the morning, happily sat down near the Deity of Lord Madhava and,
thinking how to attain spiritual success, praised each other, saying
"You are dear to Lord Krsna."
26 O mother, then a great brahmana devotee of the Lord came there to Dasasvamedha-tirtha.
27 A wealthy landowner, he and his associates had come to feed the brahmanas.
28 That great soul performed his morning duties, set aside a large area, and brought many wonderful things.
29 He quickly fashioned a charming courtyard, set up many open tents, and anointed the ground with his own hand.
30 Then he placed Lord Krsna,
in His Salagrama-sila form, on a beautiful golden throne. Filled with
happiness, and carefully following the proper rituals, he devotedly
worshipped the Deity.
31 He offered delicious foods,
costly garments and many other valuables to Lord Hari. Then he
celebrated a great festival wherein he himself danced to the
accompaniment of singing instrumental music.
32 Then he bowed down to offer
respects to the brahmanas, who could eloquently speak on the Vedas,
Puranas, and other scriptures. He bowed down to the sannyasis,
householders, and brahmacaris.
33 Then with sweet words and
polite behaviour he pleased the many Vaisnavas, who were always eager to
taste the bliss of chanting Lord Krsna's glories.
34 He placed on his head the
water that had washed their feet. He worshipped them by giving them the
food and valuables that had been offered to the Supreme Personality of
35 Then he respectfully fed the poor and the outcastes, and he satisfied even the dogs, jackals, birds, and insects.
36 When everyone was satisfied
in this way the saintly persons requested that he also eat. He and his
associates then happily ate the remnants of the nectarean feast.
37 Then he approached Lord Krsna, and with folded hands offered the fruits of all his actions to the Lord.
38-40 Then he put the Lord to
rest and was about to go home when Sri Narada, who is always eager to
serve the Lord, and who had been observing all his actions from far
away, suddenly stood up in the assembly of sages, again and again said,
"This person is very dear to Lord Maha-Visnu", quickly went to the
brahmana and, proclaiming to the world that this person is the object of
Sri Krsna's great mercy, said:
41 Sri Narada said: O king of
brahmanas, Lord Krsna is very merciful to you. I have seen how in this
sacred place you (have given) your money, property, generosity, and
42 The learned brahmana then said to sage Narada: It is not true. My lord, what signs of Lord Krsna's mercy do you see in me?
43 I am insignificant. Who am
I? How much can I give in charity? What power do I have? Where is my
devotion to the Supreme Personality of Godhead?
44 In the south is a great king
in whose country are many temples of the Lord. This king is the real
object of Lord Krsna's mercy.
45 Sustained by eating food offered to Lord Krsna, many sannyasis, pilgrims, and others comfortably travel through his country.
46 Near the royal palace is a
deity of the Lord. It is as if the Supreme Personality of Godhead
Himself, whose spiritual form is eternal and full of knowledge and
bliss, has, out of His great kindness, personally come there, and is
deliberately standing still without moving even slightly.
47 In that place is always a
newer and newer festival where are every moment many newer and newer
valuable presentations are made to the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
48 He respectfully feeds all
the residents of his kingdom, as well as many visitors from foreign
lands, with prasadam offered to Lord Visnu.
49-50 Because they are very
eager to see the Deity of the lotus-eyed Supreme Personality of Godhead,
because they are filled with happiness by tasting the remnants of food
offered to the Deity, and because in this place they may meet many
saintly persons, many devotees of Lord Visnu come from foreign lands and
permanently reside in his country.
51 The king worships the
Supreme Personality of Godhead and the brahmanas, and he has given his
country to them as their property. For this reason, in his country
there is no calamity, no suffering, and no fear.
52 In his country the ground
produces crops even without being plowed. The rain falls as much as one
could desire, and excellent fruit, roots, and garments are very easy to
53 Righteously engaged in their
various occupational duties, and completely devoted to Lord Krsna, all
the people of his country are very happy. They all follow their king as
if they were his sons and daughters.
54 Prideless, and always humbly
engaged in the service of the Lord, he pleases everyone. He is very
dear to the infallible Supreme Personality of Godhead.
55-6 In the presence of the
Deity regularly chanting the Lord's holy names with his brothers, wives,
children, grandchildren, servants, government ministers, priests, and
other associates, and in that sankirtana personally dancing, singing
transcendental songs, and playing musical instruments, he always brings
great happiness to the Lord.
57 A host of good qualities
follow his great devotion to Lord Krsna. How many of them can I
enumerate? Of how many of them am I aware?
58 Sri Pariksit said: Then
Narada went to see that great king. As he was travelling in that king's
country he noticed that the people were intently and happily engaged in
the worship of the Supreme Lord.
59 Happily playing his vina,
Narada entered the palace and could see the king there. Impelled by the
brahmana's words, Narada approached him and said:
60 Sri Narada said: You have
great royal power, saintly subjects, a host of good qualities, piety,
wealth, learning and devotion to the Lord. You are certainly the object
of Lord Krsna's mercy.
61 Sri Pariksit said: Narada
Muni, the best of Vaisnavas, played his vina and glorified the king's
good qualities in song. Narada embraced the king again and again.
62 His head bowed down with
embarrassment to hear so much praise of himself, the humble king
worshipped the great sage Narada and then spoke the following words:
63-4 Devarsi Narada, my life is
short. My power is very circumscribed, I have very little to give in
charity. I am not independent. I am governed by fear. I remain under
the dominion of the three-fold miseries. Why, without considering all
these points, do you consider me, who am so unqualified, to be the
object of Lord Krsna's mercy?
65 The demigods have effulgent
and very powerful bodies. They are always worshipped by human beings.
They are the actual object of Lord Visnu's mercy.
66 The demigods are sinless.
They are situated in the mode of goodness. They never suffer. They are
always happy. They are completely independent. They have the power to
fulfill all the desires of their devotees.
67 Whenever they wish they can
drink nectar that satisfies all their hunger and thirst and frees them
from old-age, disease, death and all distress.
68 My lord, by the power of
their great good fortune these demigods reside in Svargaloka. The human
beings who reside in Bharata-varsa may enter that Svarga realm only by
performing many pious deeds.
69 The most important of these
demigods is Maharaja Indra. He has the power to reward or punish. It
is he who nourishes the world with rain.
70 For 71 yugas he is the
master of the three planetary systems. If a human king performs 100
asvamedha-yajnas he will not obtain such a post.
71 His horse is Uccahisrava, his great elephant Airavata, his cow Kamadhuk, and his garden the Nandana.
72 In the Nandana garden are
parijatas and many other flowers that fulfill all desires, and there are
also many kalpa-druma trees and kalpa-lata vines that also fulfill all
73 A single flower from that
garden fulfils all desires. Indra's abode is filled with very wonderful
singing, dancing, instrumental music, colourful garments, delicious
food, and a host of other opulences and pleasures.
74 Ah! What more can I say
about his good fortune? The Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Visnu
became his younger brother Vamana.
75 Lord Vamana brings Indra
great happiness. Lord Vamana protects Indra from all calamities. Lord
Vamana personally accepts the opulent worship Indra offers. You know
all this. What more need I say?
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