The Holy Places of Jaiva Dharma: Yamuna
BY: SUN STAFF
Dawn on the Yamuna
Aug 20, 2014 CANADA (SUN) A serial presentation of the holy places mentioned in the Jaiva Dharma of Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakur - Part 182.
As we have seen with many of the holy places listed in the Jaiva Dharma Glossary, there are so many mentions of the Yamuna in Vaisnava literature that we cannot even summarize them here. Instead, we will present just a small selection of the nectarean descriptions of the beautiful Yamuna River, her namesake the Goddess Yamuna, and the glorious pastimes of Sri Sri Radha Krsna and Their confidential associates, which took place in or on the banks of the Yamuna.
We begin with the following passage from Sri Garga Samhita 1.4.3, describing the manifestation of the Yamuna River on the Earth planet:
Description of the Yamuna's Arrival
kalindi saritam vara
Sri Sannanda said: Ordered by Lord Krishna in Goloka, Yamuna,
the best of rivers, circumambulated the Lord and was about to go
(to the earth).
tadaiva viraja sakshad
dve nadyau yamunayam tu
Then the Viraja river and the spiritual Ganga river both
entered the Yamuna.
tasmat krishnasya nanda-rat
patta-rajnim vidur janah
O king Nanda, for this reason the people know that the
Yamuna is the greatest of rivers and the first queen of Lord
tato vegena mahata
kalindi saritam vara
Then, with great force breaking through the current of the
Viraja, the Yamuna left the gate of the transcendental forest
sprishtva brahma-dravam gata
bhindanti taj-jalam dirgham
Touching countless universes, she came to the spiritual
Ganga. With great force the great Yamuna river broke through the
Then the Yamuna came to an opening Lord Vamana's left toe
had made in the top of a universe, an opening through which the
spiritual Ganga flowed.
tasmin sri-gangaya sardham
With Sri Ganga entering that opening, the Yamuna, the best
of rivers, then came to the unconquerable Lord's abode of
Vaikuntha in the planet of Maharaja Dhruva.
tatah suranam sataso
lokal lokam jagama ha
Then the Yamuna came to Brahmaloka. Falling from Brahma's
planet, she went to the hundreds of planets of the demigods. She
went from one planet to another.
tatah papata vegena
Then with great force she fell on Mount Sumeru. Flowing from
its peaks, she broke the stones on its slope.
tatah sri-yamuna sakshac
Then, in order to go south from Mount Sumeru, Sri Yamuna
left Sri Ganga's path.
ganga tu prayayau sailam
krishna tu prayayau sailam
kalindam prapya sa tada
Then the Ganga went to Mount Himavat and the great river
Yamuna went to Mount Kalinda.
Texts 12 and 13
bhittva luthanti bhu-khande
krishna vegavati sati
desan punanti kalindi
prapta vai khandave vane
Because she is thus Mount Kalinda's daughter, she is named
Kalindi. Flowing from Mount Kalinda's peaks, and breaking the
hard rocks on his slopes, the sacred Kalindi swiftly flowed on
the earth, purifying the countries she passed. Then she entered
the Khandava forest.
chri-krishnam varam icchanti
dhritva vapuh param divyam
tapas tepe kalindaja
Wishing to attain Lord Krishna, the Original Supreme
Personality of Godhead, as her husband, the Kalindi assumed a
splendid spiritual form and performed great austerities.
pitra vinirmite gehe
jale 'dyapi samasrita
tato vegena kalindi
Even today she stays in a water-house her father made for
her. Then the Kalindi swiftly entered Vraja-mandala.
Then she flowed through Vrindavana, beautiful Mathura, and
beautiful secluded Mahavana.
sri-goloke ca yamuna
nija-vasam cakara ha
As the very beautiful leader of many gopis, Sri Yamuna made
her home in Sri Goloka to perform the rasa dance with Sri
atho vrajad vrajanti sa
As she left Vraja she became overwhelmed by feelings of
separation. Filled with tears of bliss and love, she turned west
(and returned to Vraja).
tatas tri-varam vegena
desan punanti prayayau
Then, bowing three times to Vraja-mandala, she went to very
holy Prayaga, purifying the countries she passed.
punah sri-gangaya sardham
kshirabdhim sa jagama ha
devah suvarsham pushpanam
cakrur divi jaya-dhvanim
When, flowing with Sri Ganga, she entered the Kshira ocean,
the demigods in heaven showered flowers and exclaimed
krishna sri-yamuna sakshat
kalindi saritam vara
samudram etya sri-gangam
praha gadgadaya gira
When dark Sri Yamuna, who was the best of rivers and the
daughter of Mount Kalinda, entered the ocean, she spoke to Sri
Ganga with words choked with emotion.
he gange tvam tu dhanyasi
Sri Yamuna said: O Ganga, you are fortunate. You purify all
the universes. You were born from Lord Krishna's lotus foot.
Everyone bows down before you alone.
urdhvam yami harer lokam
gaccha tvam api he subhe
tvat-samanam hi divyam ca
na bhutam na bhavishyati
Now I will ascend to Lord Hari's abode. O beautiful one, you
come also. There never was, nor will there ever be, anyone as
glorious as you.
tasmat tvam pranamamy aham
yat kincid va prakathitam
tat kshamasva su-mangale
Sri Ganga said: I, the Ganga, who contain all holy places,
bow down before you. O auspicious one, please forgive any
improper words I may have said.
he krishne tvam tu dhanyasi
O dark Yamuna, you are the fortunate one. You purify all the
universes. You were born from Lord Krishna's left shoulder. Your
form is full of transcendental bliss.
You are most perfect and complete. You are worshiped by all.
You are dear to Sri Krishna, the great Supreme Personality of
patta-rajnim param krishne
krishnam tvam pranamamy aham
tirthair devair durlabham tvam
goloke 'pi ca durghata
O dark Yamuna, I bow down to you, the first queen of Lord
Krishna. The holy places and demigods find it difficult to attain
you. Even in Goloka it is difficult to attain you.
aham yasyami patalam
yanam kartum na ca kshama
By Lord Krishna's order I must go to Patalaloka now. I am
unhappy to leave you, but I cannot go with you.
yat kincin me prakathitam
tat kshamasva hari-priye
I will become a leader of many gopis in the rasa-dance
circle in Sri Vraja. O beloved of Lord Hari, please forgive any
improper words I may have said.
ittham parasparam natva
dve nadyau yayatur drutam
patale svah-sarid gata
Sri Sannanda said: Bowing down before each other, the two
rivers then quickly went their respective ways. The heavenly
Ganga went to Patalaloka, purifying the planets as she passed.
sesho murdhna bibharti ha
There she is named Bhogavati, for she flows through the
Bhogavati forest. Lord Sesha and Lord Siva carry her water on
atha krishna sva-vegena
luthanti vegavat tara
Quickly traversing the seven oceans, the dark Yamuna quickly
flowed through the world of seven islands.
gatva svarnamayim bhumim
tatam bhittva kalindaja
Then the Yamuna flowed to the golden land and then Mount
Lokaloka where, flowing from its peaks, she broke the rocks on
udgacchanti tad-urdhvam sa
yayau svargam tu nakinam
Then she rose again to its peaks and, with a great stream of
water, rose to Svargaloka in the heavenly worlds.
a-brahmalokam lokams tan
abhivyapya hareh padam
drava-yuktam sametya sa
She passed through the planets on the way to Brahmaloka and,
meeting the Ganga at the opening in the universe, went to Lord
deveshu pranateshu ca
As the demigods showered flowers and bowed down to offer
respects, Sri Yamuna, the best of rivers, returned to Sri Krishna's
abode of Goloka.
kalinda-giri-nandini-nava-caritram etac chubham
srutam ca yadi pathitam bhuvi tanoti sanmangalam
jano 'pi yadi dharayet kila pathec ca yo nityasah
sa yati paramam padam nija-nikunja-lilavritam
If a person in this world hears or reads this auspicious and
ever-new pastime of Mount Kalinda's daughter Yamuna, he will
attain great auspiciousness. If one regularly reads or remembers
this pastime, he will attain the transcendental forest groves
where the Supreme Lord enjoys His pastimes.
(Sri Garga Samhita, Canto One, Volume Four, Chapter Three)
Submit an Article
Copyright 2005, 2014, HareKrsna.com. All rights reserved.