Lila Eternal Pastimes
vana iha bhati kim apy adrisya-dhama
vraja-jana-sahitah sa yatra krishnah
sukha-vihritim vidadhad vibhati nityam
Within the realm of Vrindavana manifested on the earth, an unmanifested realm of Vrindavana, invisible to ordinary eyes, exists. In that invisible realm Lord Krishna eternally enjoys blissful pastimes with the people of Vraja.
amum anu caturasram atra vanya
That realm is very splendid, beautiful and glorious with forests, hills, streams, the friends of Vraja's prince, and a great ocean of milk.
giri-samuditir atra sushthu govar-
dhana-valita paribhati citra-tulya
vilasati yamunadika nadinam
tatir api manasa-gangayanushakta
That realm is splendid with wonderful mountains around Govardhana, with many streams around the Yamuna, and with many lakes around the Manasa-ganga.
bhuvanam idam paribhati yatra vrikshah
tad-anukriti-para ruca samriddhya
hari-rati-dayitaya ca ye vibhatah
That realm is splendid like a cintamani-jewel sun. The splendid and opulent trees there bring great pleasure to Lord Krishna.
vilasati caturasra-dhamni ghasra-
upavanam adhi patram atra krishna-
In the courtyard of the realm is a thousand-petal lotus shining like the sun. In each of its petals is a garden where Lord Krishna enjoys with His gopi-beloveds.
sthiti-pathi-vrindam ati-sphutam vibhati
sruti-vihitany ayanani yat tu jetri
Between the petals of this lotus are many splendid paths, paths invisible to the material senses, paths known only by the Vedas.
manijani-kamalasya tasya cagra-
surabhi-tatih srayate subhamyu goshtham
In that jewel lotus is a place of many beautiful and virtuous surabhi cows filled with nectar milk.
atha dala-valayasya madhya-bhagam
paridhivad abhitah samasta-gopa-
prakara-grihavalir atra yatra bhati
In the middle of the circle of petals is the splendid palace of Vraja's king. In a circle around it are the splendid palaces of all the gopas.
vraja-nripa-bhavanam tu tatra cantar
dinakara-vad vidadhati rasmi-srishtim
In the middle of that glorious place is the King of Vraja's palace, filled with royal opulences and royal assemblies, and splendid like the sun.
yad api manimayam tad-eka-rupam
tad api sad-adbhuta-madhya-madhya-bhagam
yadi bahu-vidham uhitum samiha
smara mama manasa gopa-campu-yugmam
Although that palace is the most beautiful, its inner inner part is even more wonderfully beautiful. O heart, if you wish to know all about that place, then please remember my Gopala-campu.
Texts 11 and 12
smitam anu yasa ity anudya kaumudy-
avatarity uditat kaveh su-tushtah
mahasi ca nandati gopa-krishnacandrah
Surrounded by the stars and cakora birds of His friends, gently smiling, the moonlight of His glories shining, happy with the words of the poet devotees, never tiring of giving a great festival of happiness to the lotus flowers of His devotees, surrounded by His father and elders, and enjoying great festivals with the dear gopis, in that place the moon of Gopa Krishna enjoys blissful pastimes.
sa jayati gokula-raja-vamsa-rajah
His limbs worshiped by sapphires, His garments eclipsing the land of gold, and His Self the home of eloquence and a host of virtues, the ruler of Vraja shines with great splendor.
iha hari-vihritir atita-ritya
srinu kathayami sadapi nati-bhinnah
yad anritam api purva-riti-cetah
pravisati nadyatanam tatha yathartham
In this place Lord Krishna enjoys pastimes. Please listen, and I will tell them to you in detail. They are not different from His manifest pastimes. I will not say anything that is not true. Now it is not right to say anything like that.
iha ca yad uditam hares caritram
tad akhilam eva dig eva tasya gamya
prati-lavam api citram asya tat tat
ka iva sudhir avasanam adadita
I will only point the direction to all that has been said of Lord Krishna's pastimes. Even the smallest part of His pastimes is a great wonder. What wise man will ever tire of hearing Lord Krishna's pastimes?
atha nisi rahasa gatantarayam
balajam ite stava-vadya-vidya-loke
vraja-bhavana-janah sahaiva jagran
manasi harim dadhad agatam nananda
When the night had ended and the poets expert at composing prayers stood at the door, the people of Vraja awakened and became very happy at heart when Lord Krishna appeared before them.
vraja-kulam ullasitam didhinva krishnam
The sounds in Vraja of the cowherd people talking and singing, the the cows being milked, and the butter being churned, sounds like the churning of a nectar ocean, filled Lord Krishna with happiness.
vraja-pati-mithunam tadatha putra-
pracurataram vitatara vara-varam
Overcome with love for their son, the king and queen of Vraja again and again gave limitless charity to the poets reciting virut poems praising Him.
iha lasati harer vilasa-geha-
kva ca na ca tadrisatam gata vibhati
In that place are many pastime cottages and many beautiful and exalted gopis dear to Lord Krishna. On what forest path are there not gopis, cottages, and pastime couches?
nija-nija-sayanam gatam tam aling-
ana-valitam vidadhur vidhu-sutanvah
rajani-viramanam yatha yathasid
aghatata dor-dradhima tatha tathasam
Lord Krishna went to each gopi's bed. The beautiful slender gopis embraced Him. For the whole night He tightly held the gopis in His arms.
iha parama-rama vibhati radha
sad-udu-gane gagane yathendu-murtih
tad iyam adhikaya gira sabhajya
tad anugatim dadhatam parah sapatnyah
Sri Radha, the supreme goddess of fortune shines like a moon surrounded by stars. The gopis follow Her and praise Her virtues.
She is a beautiful goddess born from King Vrishabhanu, who is a jewel ocean of the pastimes of saintly deeds in Vraja. She is the first of Lord Krishna's beautiful beloveds. She is charming and playful in the pastimes of love.
She is like a glittering lightning flash by the monsoon cloud of Her beloved. She wears beautiful garments colored like Her beloved. The beautiful grace of Her limbs decorates Her sapphire locket and glistening ornaments.
upamiti-padavim svam eva yanti
She can be compared only to Herself. Her limbs are very beautiful. Her glories have made all directions auspicious. She is glorious with the most auspicious marks.
sasi-kamala-rucam padapi jetri
nija-nakha-kantibhir ujjvalena tena
avayava-kulam anyad anyad astu
The splendor of Her toenails defeats the beauty of the moon and the lotus. The beauty of each of Her limbs enchants the heart of Sri Krishna.
She is the softness and delicateness of flowers descended to the three worlds. She is the fragrance of fragrances. She speaks sweet and graceful words to please Her beloved.
hriyam anu vinayam nayam samajnam
api dadhati svajanadi-sarma-datri
She is the most intelligent of the intelligent, learned in all knowledge, artistic in all arts, humble at heart, and the giver of shyness, humbleness, righteousness, fame, happiness, and auspiciousness to Her devotees.
nikhilaga-karunadikair gunais tam
sva-dayitam eva tulam sadapi dhartri
Her virtues, beginning with kindness to all living beings, are equalled only by those of Lord Krishna Himself. She is affectionate and devoted to Her superiors. She is the well-wisher of all living beings, moving and inert. She is sprinkled with the nectar of happiness.
bhramaram api tadiya-duta-buddhya
In Her heart She again and again offers arati to a single ray of light from Her beloved's toenail. Thinking a bumblebee to be His messenger, She speaks very wonderful words of love for Him.
marud api calati sva-bhavatas cet
kvacid anukulataya nijabhisare
nava-vidham api tatra bhakta-bhavam
If the breeze moves as She approaches the rendezvous, She thinks Her lover must be coming. She enters the heart of a devotee that lovingly engages in nine kinds of devotional service.
sva-carita-carutaya sada vasanti
racayati rahasi priya-jane sa
sva-dayitam anv api narma-keli-sarma
She is always decorated with incomparable loving pastimes. In a secluded place She happily jokes with Her gopi friends and Her beloved.
ati-vinaya-prathi catu kutracic ca
vasayati dayitam harim priya sa
kim idam iti prathanaya naham ise
Sometimes She knits Her eyebrows and sometimes She speaks sweet and humble words. In this way She brings her beloved Krishna completely under Her control. How can I glorify Her properly? I do not have the power to glorify Her properly.
harir api susubhe sa yabhir uccair
pranaya-rini-dasam avapa yasam
prathamatama khalu tasu saiva saiva
Sri Krishna is splendidly manifest before each gopi in the rasa-dance circle. He is deeply in debt for the gopis' love. Radha is the first of the gopis. She is the first.
srinu gunam aparam kripa-vilasam
vrisharavijam anu rasa-keli-naktam
muraripur amukam ninaya duram
nija-nayanam bubudhe muda tu neyam
Now please hear the pastimes of mercy Radha enjoyed on the night of the rasa dance. Lord Krishna took Her far away. With great happiness She did not know where He was taking Her.
tad api tad-asahishnavah sapatnyah
kim api jajalpur amur amum vinindya
iyam api tu murari-melanaya
svayam upapattim adad amushu sushthu
Unable to tolerate Radha's good fortune, Her gopi rivals criticized Her. Radha still arranged for their meeting with Krishna.
guna-kulam aparam kim anga varnyam
ayi srinu hridaya prage ca tasyas
caritam idam mridu tat-priyasya catha
How can I describe her peerless virtues? How can I describe the girl who is a flood of waves in an ocean of amorous pastimes with Lord Krishna? O heart, please hear a sweet pastime She enjoyed with Her beloved at sunrise.
anumitam akarod yadalpa-kalpam
rajani-vibhagam iyam tada tu kantam
akuruta bhuja-pasa-baddham asra-
snapita-nibham kurute sma varshma casya
When She understood that only very little of the night remained, Radha tightly bound Her lover with the ropes of Her arms and bathed His body with Her tears.
atha bahu-vinayam dadhan murarih
nayana-payamsy apasarayann amushyah
sva-nayana-salilena sardham angam
nijam akarod idam iyam apy abhikshnam
Lord Krishna very gently wiped away Her tears, but then He bathed His body again and again with His own tears.
tad anu ca lalita-visakhike dve
sama-vayasav anayor upetya parsvam
khara-vacanat patu lumpatah sma jadyam
Then Radha's two friends Lalita and Visakha came to Their side. With sharp words like a warm winter sun, the two girls broke the coolness of the divine couple's motionless embrace.
hriyam iyam abala tada tu yata
dayita-tanor upaguhanam visrijya
svapanam iva gata kshanam niriha
punar iva jagaranam bhayad dadambha
Radha became embarrassed. Again She embraced Her lover. Pretending to be asleep, She lay motionless for a moment. Frightened, She tried to cheat the wakefulness that had come.
ahar-udita-nibham paras ca yata
hari-dayita hari-mataram bhaveyuh
iti tad-udita-sambhramad ayasid
When daytime came, Krishna's dear gopis remembered Krishna's mother. In great haste they went to perform their duties.
kulam ajahat tadiyam yad eva hridyam
aparam akurutanga-sangi yat tu
skhalayitum ishtam aho bali tu dishtah
When night came She was happy to abandon Her favorite garment. Now that day has come, She again holds the garment to Her limbs. Ah, time has the power to take away what is most dear.
pada-kara-vadanam muhuh punana
yad iha jalam visasarja subhra-patre
bhuvam api tad idam bhuvah-svaradiny
api bhuvanani sada punad vibhati
With water from a beautiful cup again and again She washed her mouth, hands, and feet, and then threw the water to the ground, water that purifies the celestial worlds beginning with Bhuvar and Svar.
akuruta na param bahih-sniham sa
hari-dayita muhur antara-sniham ca
vinidadhati khalu ya tulam sisheve
No longer openly showing Her love, Lord Krishna's beloved now kept that love hidden in Her heart. Taking the remaining oil, She massaged Lord Krishna's limbs. She was His equal.
surabhibhir atha mardanani kritva-
snapayad amum udakena tadrisena
sahaja-surabhita tatas tad-angad
udayamita vijita disas cakara
After massaging Him, She bathed Him with scented water, and all the directions became filled with a sweet fragrance.
tanum anu vavase saramsukam sa
tad api tanus-chavim ujjagara tasyah
ghana-tati-pihite 'pi surya-bimbe
disi disi rajati tasya rasmi-sanghah
Although She covered Krishna's form with beautiful garments, She made the glory of His limbs increase. He became like a host of monsoon clouds and a brilliant sun filling all directions with rays of light.
hari-ratir ati-gupyate taya sa
tad api ca tac-chavir ikshyate bahis ca
sukhayati tah sva-sakhir itidam ittham
Or, it may also be said:
Although She carefully hid Her love for Krishna, it could still be seen manifested as Lord Krishna's glory. The many jewel ornaments beautiful-eyed Radha placed on Him delighted Her gopi friends.
vraja-nripates tanayasya ca prapiya
hari-jananim avalokitum pratasthe
By chanting the two-syllable mantra "Krish-na", Radha drank the sacred water of the feet of Lord Krishna, King Nanda, and Mother Yasoda. Then She went to see Yasoda, Lord Krishna's mother.
atha hari-jananim prati prayatapy
abhimukham eti na sa sakhi-vritapi
api tu kutila-vartmananugamya
pranamati tat-padayor nidhaya bhalam
Then Radha went to Lord Krishna's mother, Yasoda. Accompanied by many friends, and not able to approach her directly, Radha went by a crooked path, finally placing Her forehead at Yasoda's feet.
atha hari-janani svayam karabhyam
sirasi samunnamite sa-yatnam asyah
parimalam upalabhya sasram enam
pihita-tanum parirabhya nandati sma
With both hands touching Radha's head, Mother Yasoda carefully picked Her up, smelled Her head, wept, enveloped Her in a great hug, and became very happy.
tad anu tad-upadesatah samastam
guru-vanitam avanamya ramya-citta
prithag upavisati samasta-drishtir
aharata candra-mukhi cakora-tulyah
By Yasoda's order, Radha with the beautiful heart bowed down before the elder ladies and then sat down. Her face like the moon, She charmed everyone's cakora-bird eyes.
yad api muhur iyam sadanubhuta
tad api tada milati pratisvam ardram
rajani-virahita cakara varsha-
janir iva gharma-kaniyasi samastam
Again and again gazing at Her, the ladies melted with love for Radha. They became agitated like frogs troubled by summer heat when the cool night is over.
iti sati carite hari-priyaya
hari-caritam srinu citta varnayami
griha-gata-vibhave su-varnite syad
griha-pati-varnanam asu saukhya-dayi
O heart, I have told you something of Radha's pastimes. Now I will tell you something of Lord Krishna's pastimes. I have told you something of the glory of Lord Krishna's abode. Now I will give to you the blissful description of that abode's ruler.
hari-dayitatama yadasu talpad
dina-mukha-kritya-krite kriteham asit
harir api sa tada tad-artham atma-
priya-sakha-dasa-gatena sevyate sma
When Krishna's most beloved Radha rose from bed to perform Her daily duties, Lord Krishna, rising for the same purpose, was served by His servant-friend.
sa rajani-vasanam sasarja tac ca
sphutam iva sucayati sma gudha-vrittam
iha ca tad idam antarangam ittham
pisu-namitiva tada smitam suhridbhih
When Lord Krishna removed His night garment, the marks of His secret amorous pastimes became exposed. They were like a traitor telling His secrets. Seeing them, His servant friends smiled and laughed.
mukha-kara-caranam hareh su-dhautam
kamala-vanani jigaya tac ca pasya
vrajam anu kamalalayapi yasya
srayati rajah padayor yathatra vandi
O heart, gaze on Lord Krishna's carefully washed face, hands, and feet, which defeat forests of lotus flowers. Goddess Lakshmi, who is beautiful like a world of lotus flowers, has come to Vraja, become a poet, and taken shelter of the dust of His feet.
bahu-vidham api tailam ishta-gandham
dhritam abhitah sa vidagdha-tani-digdhah
surabhitam iha radhaya tu devya
svayam urari-kurute sma krishnacandrah
Then Lord Krishnacandra allowed Goddess Radha to expertly anoint His limbs with many kinds of sweetly scented oil.
tad aghajiti su-tailam adadane
samajani pushitata na tat tu citram
prathamam api sa tan-mudabhijghrann
agamad amudrisatam tad eva citram
Whoever accepts the remnants of this oil that massaged Lord Krishna attains intense love for Krishna. That is not surprising. Whoever even once happily smells the fragrance of that oil also attains intense love for Krishna. That is surprising.
sa suci-surabhina jalena siktam
sva-vapur akarayad idrisam vidhatum
ahaha srinu manas tad eva tat-tad-
guna-mahasa samabhud ativa sandram
With scented water Lord Krishna then washed His own limbs. O heart, please hear about the great splendor of Lord Krishna's form.
hari-tanum anumarjanam vidhitsan
mridur iyam ity adhigatya kampate sma
jala-guru-vasanam visarjayams tad-
dvayam aparam sa dadhat praphullati sma
After massaging Lord Krishna's body, the servant knew that Krishna's form was now very soft and relaxed. Trembling, the servant removed Lord Krishna's wet garments and dressed Him in two dry garments. He blossomed with happiness.
paridadhad ambuda-rocir upta-kesah
tri-jagati kanti-daya-sakhin didhinva
The expert servant placed two garments splendid like gold on the monsoon-cloud limbs of Lord Krishna. Splendid, decorated with tilaka and graceful ornaments, and His hair expertly tied, Lord Krishna delighted the friends of splendor and mercy in the three worlds.
harir atha kanakasane nivisya
vyaracayad acamanam yatha nidishtam
paridadhad upavitam anyad asij
japam anu sandadhad apy adipi tatra
Sitting on a golden throne, Lord Krishna performed acamana, accepted a new sacred thread, and chanted mantras. He shone with great splendor.
yadu-puram anu yat pradhana-bhavam
harir akaroj janake 'pi vidyamane
tad ucitam ucitam tu natra yasmat
Three times a day Lord Krishna bowed down to His father in Dvaraka. That was proper. It was not proper in Vraja. The father and son relationship in both places were different.
vraja-pati-mithunam sadapi balyam
harim anucintayed evam aha nityam
vayam iha su-kritani yani kurmah
pratinidhayas tava tatra na sva-tantrah
O Krishna, as the king and queen of Vraja daily meditated on You, so we have given these pictures of You. We have not invented anything.
iti harir iha nati-dharma-karmany
ushasi karoti pituh pramoda-kari
api tu tad-anumodananukulam
bhavika-kritim vidadhati matur agre
Lord Krishna never deviated from His religious duties. Every morning He would please His father and mother by performing these duties.
harir atha calati sma matri-parsvam
saha sakhibhir dhvanayan vibhushanani
sa tad avakalayan vadhu-nikayah
sapadi sasara rahasya-paka-dhama
His ornaments tinkling, Krishna went to His mother. Seeing that the gopis had come, He went to the kitchen.
atha hari-janani harim nirikshya
vraja-mahilabhir iyaya tasya parsvam
sutam anugamanam vyaloki dhenoh
samam anaya na taram gavam parasam
When they saw Him, Yasoda and the gopis went to Krishna. A cow can approach her own calf but the other cows cannot.
padam anu patanam bhaven na tasyah
savidha-jusha harina drutam milantyah
iti harir avanamya dura-desac
ciram iva tadvad atishthad ishta-bhaktih
Krishna devotedly bowed to her from afar. She stumbled as she ran to Him.
drutam atha janani tam etya putram
drutam udaninayad agraham dadhana
tad anu ca su-ciram prasajya murdhni
sravad-udakakshi-yugam tam aluloke
Mother Yasoda ran to Her son, held Him, smelled His head, and gazed at Him with tear-filled eyes.
harir avakalayan sa-rohinika
namana-krid ajasra-jalena sicyate sma
Seeing Rohini and the other women of Vraja, women that loved Him as His mother loved Him, Lord Krishna respectfully bowed before them, and they sprinkled Him with the tears from their eyes.
atha bala-valitah pare sakhayah
saha-madhumangalakah samagatas te
yad ajitam abhajams tad ahni citram
vidhum anusajya subha-graha virejuh
Then Balarama, Madhumangala, and other friends came and worshiped Krishna. They were like a moon and many auspicious stars wonderfully shining in the daytime.
atha punar upavesam agatas te
hari-bala-matri-mukhah sukhad aseshah
Then Krishna, Balarama, Yasoda, and the others all happily sat down. Tears filled the eyes of the friends of Krishna and Balarama.
batu-sahitah pratipadya vipra-bharya
valayita-sakalah sa rama-krishnah
pranamana-sangatam unnaman didhinva
Accompanied by their sons, the exalted brahmana ladies gave their blessings. Krishna and Balarama bowed before them, stood up, and did everything to please them.
dina-dinam asisham adbhutam dadanah
tad-udayam api sasvad ikshamana
Day after day the brahmana ladies and their sons came, blessed Krishna, gazed on Him, and showered Him with rice and flowers.
harir atha kapilah sa-navya-vatsa
dvija-batusad akarod vidhana-yuktam
After worshiping the cows and calves, who all had silver hooves, gold horns, and many jewel ornaments, Lord Krishna gave them in charity to the brahmana boys.
tithi-ganakaya didesa desa-rupam
Then Lord Krishna gave to His guests splendidly beautiful golden plates decorated with the nine kinds of jewels, plates like mirrors that gave a clear reflection of the holder's face.
dvija-kulaja-satir batums ca krishnah
madhuratara-gira visrijya dhamne
Then Lord Krishna bowed down before the saintly brahmana ladies and their sons, praised them with the sweetest of words, and fulfilled their desires. In this way He brought happiness and auspiciousness to His mother.
dika-vanitas ca vadhu-suta vimisrah
dibhir upavesataya harir didhinva
Then Lord Krishna humbly bowed down before His aunts and cousins, worshiped them, gave them sitting places, and pleased them.
iti puru-krita-mangalah sa krishnah
svaka-griha-nirmita-tat-kritir balas ca
sakhi-citam ucita-pradesam ancann
asana-vidhim vidhina vidhitsati sma
His auspicious morning duties now completed, Lord Krishna took His friends to the breakfast room. Now He wished to eat.
abhimukham upavishtam ishta-paras-
svayam api sa-misham nirikshamanam
tad anu gavaksha-kulam kriyakulaksham
dina-mukham adhikritya bhavya-krityam
smara sahaja-dvayam ishtam ishta-bhukti
O heart, please meditate on Krishna and Balarama, who are gracefully decorated with curly locks of hair, whose faces have no peer, who are splendidly fair and dark, the corners of whose playful eyes are reddish, whose foreheads are decorated with tilaka and curly locks of hair, whose noses are decorated with great pearls, whose cheeks are splendid with jewel earrings, who are glorious with jewel necklaces, whose handsome arms, decorated with jewel bracelets, armlets, and rings, are flooded with waves of splendor, who wear belts glorious like Lord Nrisimhadeva Himself, who are decorated with hosts of flowers, who are more glorious than gold and dark monsoon clouds, who are flooded with the splendor of cintamani-jewel anklets, who sit facing each other, who glance at each other with eyes filled with festivals of happiness, whose forms are splendid like white camphor and dark clouds, whose backs are broad and graceful, who pleased Their mothers and friends with many wonderful joking words, whose handsome forms the young girls, pretending to look at other things, secretly gazed at from their windows, and who, having completed Their morning duties, now wished to eat breakfast.
bahushu dina-mukheshu goshu sighram
vrajanam iti vraja-bhubhrita su-bhojyam
svayam asana-krita praheyam ity apy
asanam idam laghu vashti krishnacandrah
Every day in this way Lord Krishna quickly took the cows to pasture. Thinking, "The king of Vraja will send Our lunch," Lord Krishnacandra ate only a light breakfast.
ghrita-paramannam adann asav amibhih
nija-ruci-mitaya nicalayams ca
prati-kavalam prasasamsa kamsa-satruh
Krishna and His friends ate sweet-rice seasoned with sugar, camphor, and pepper. Enjoying as He ate, Krishna praised every bite.
nava-vadhu-nihitam balasya matra
svayam upaniya dhritam vrajadhirajyam
akuruta parivesanam tatha sa
lavam api natra yatha sa hatum aishta
Sri Radha cooked, Mother Rohini carried the finished dishes to Mother Yasoda, and Mother Yasoda served them to Krishna and His friends. For this reason Lord Krishna did not wish to leave the breakfast table for even a moment.
sa-parimala-jalam tatha jananyor
mridu mridu jalpa-vikasi-manda-hasam
anubhavad iha rama-krishna-yugmam
kramam anubhojana-trishnatam ahasit
Gently smiling and very gently talking, the two mothers also served scented water. Gradually Krishna and Balarama lost Their hunger.
punar api janani-dvayi sisunan
asana-rasam vyatihasanat puposha
harir atha ca gavavanaya khela-
vana-gamanaya ca tam kramat tatara
Speaking joking words, the two mothers encouraged the boys to continue eating. Lord Krishna gradually ended His breakfast pastimes and prepared to take the cows to the pastime forest.
surabhita-vyanjitam uhur asya-madhyam
Then Krishna and His friends washed their mouths with scented water, anointed their limbs with sandal paste, and made their mouths fragrant with betelnuts and camphor.
suta-tanum anu sa virajayanti
jana-nayanany akarod virajitani
Dressing Him in the fine garments and ornaments used by His father, Mother Yasoda made her son very splendid in the eyes of the people.
stana-nayanad amritany avodha mata
Mother Yasoda bathed Her son's sapphire-splendid form in the golden color of splendid garments. As she gazed at how she had decorated Him, nectar flowed from her eyes and breasts.
pravara-sikhandaka-sobhaya ca krishnah
sukhayitum ittham iyesha sabhya-drishtim
Wearing a peacock feather and holding a jewel flute and a golden stick, Krishna pleased everypne's eyes.
harim anu kathaniyam atra yad yad
balam anu tat tad eva hi kintu yogyam
hari-bala-janani-yugam ca tulyam
parikelaya priyata hi tatra tulya
Whatever could be said about Krishna could also be said about Balarama. Yasoda and Rohini are equals. Look! The love they bear for their sons is the same.
dina-dinam anu sa vanaya gantum
krita-manasas tanayasya mangalaya
Every day as Krishna was about to go to the forest, Mother Yasoda would make offerings of a cup of water and a lamp, perform arati, and perform many auspicious rituals for His safety.
atha calitu-manah sva-matur arad
aracayad anjalim acyutah pranamya
iyam avamrisati karena camum
stana-nayanamrita-sardram aha cedam
In His heart eager to depart for the forest, Krishna approached His mother and with folded hands bowed before her. She touched Him with her hand. Nectar flowed from her eyes and breasts. She said:
vayam api bhavata samam prayamah
krita-pacanam drutam ushnam arpayamah
parinata-vayasas cirad abhuma
prathayasi lajjitam atra kim nu vatsa
I will go with You to the forest. I will, cook Your lunch and give it to You while it is still hot. Child, You are very wise. Why are You embarrassed?
yadi vadati bhavan sva-dhamni ka syad
avasaram avakayos tada vidadhyam
griham aham ahani kva cadhivatsyamy
atha valasur api vatsyati kva capi
If You say, "Who will take care of the house?", then I say one day Rohini will go with You and I will stay home, and the next day I will go and Rohini will stay home.
katham iva vadasi tvam etad evam
griha-kriti-ruddhatim apsyatiti vatsa
tava vana-gamane punas tad etat
kim api na sidhyati pricchyatam idam ca
Child, why do You say I should stay at home bound up by household duties? Why should I not go with You to the forest? Ask the others what they think.
ahar-aharayatam vanani vatsah
sva-sadana-vasa-sukham tyajava navam
iti mati pitarav amu na sankam
na ca hriyam atra labhavahe tanuja
Day after day our son goes to the forest and we, His parents, cannot leave this house. Child, Your parents are neither afraid nor embarrassed to follow You to the forest.
iti sa tu janani-ritam nisamya
smita-valitam dhrita-bashpam alalapa
dvivida-ripur api pranamra-murdha
mridu tad-anuditam antara cacara
Hearing Mother Yasoda's words, Lord Balarama smiled, shed a tear, bowed His head, and gently said:
janani yadi pita tatha ca mata
parinamati sma sisur babhuva yogyah
sisur ayam ubhayatra tatra rajany-
ati yadi tarhi vibhati sushthu yogyah
O mother, if mother and father become young and fit again, then this would be a good arrangement. It is right for the young to stay both at home and in the forest.
vanam anu dhavalavanaya madrig
yad atati tan-misha-siddhim amba viddhi
sukha-viharanam eva tatra sardham
sakhibhir amibhir anukshanam bibharti
O mother, please know that herding the cows is only the pretext we use to go to the forest. The truth is that we boys go to the forest to play.
vipinam anu vihapitam bhavatya
janani catur-vidham anna-jatam admah
amrita-jayi-phalani yena vanyany
abhirucim attum ayama tatra bhuri
O mother, we happily eat the four kinds of food you send to us in the forest. We go there to eat the forest-fruits sweeter than nectar.
vraja-ripu-kula-mulam asu hantum
puram agamam punar agamanam vrajam ca
ajani ca jagatam adrisya esha
sphuratu katham bata matar atra bhitih
I go to the forest to kill Vraja's enemies. Then I come back to the village of Vraja. No one in Vraja sees that I kill them. O mother, why should you be afraid?
ahaha bata gavam kulam samastam
mama pathi tishthati mad-gatim pratikshya
mayi gatavati sashpam atti caivam
hridi mama dhira-dasam asasyate sma
When I am gone the cows eat grass and wait for My return. They are very saintly and peaceful at heart.
atha hari-jananim purandhrimanya-
tatir avadad dhrita-nira-vrishti-drishti
bhavikam anu manushva nitya-krityam
bhavati tad eva gatih paravara ca
Then the noble ladies of the village, tears in their eyes, said to Mother Yasoda, "It is most auspicious that you perform your daily duties. That is the best thing for you to do."
tanujam anu purandhribhih subhasir
vratatir akari tatah svayam tu mata
amum avatarayati sma manda-mandam
Then the noble ladies blessed the boy Krishna. Mother Yasoda hugged Him and very gently let Him go.
sprisati disati vanchati prayati
pranayati mandati nandati braviti
iti bahu-vidha-lalanam dadhana
sutam anu sa janani na triptim apa
Mother Yasoda touched her son, taught Him, yearned after Him, approached Him, became stunned with love for Him, became happy in His company, and caressed Him in many ways. She never became tired of associating with her son.
atha guru-vanita-ganena matrapy
anusaranad avarodhi-setum aptah
pranaya-visara-bandhatas tu damo-
dara-padavim punar esha sasvad apa
Bound with ropes of love, Mother Yasoda and noble women of Vraja followed the boy Krishna as He left the palace.
atha hari-gamane kramena siddhe
hari-janani nija-geham eva gatva
griha-kriti-kalanan ninaya kalam
vrisharavija-caritani tu smarami
When Krishna departed, Mother Yasoda went back into the palace and passed the day engaged in her household duties. Now I will meditate on the pastimes of Sri Radha.
yad-avadhi harir eti matri-parsvam
tad-avadhi sa ca paras ca jala-randhrat
harim avakalayanti yatra sarva
muhur api moham ayanti samharanti
From the time Krishna was by His mother's side to the time He left for the forest, Radha and Her friends gazed at Krishna from the filigreed windows. Again and again they were overcome with love for Him and again and again they tried to hide the symptoms of their love.
yad anupadam iyam tad arya-patnyam
dayita-krite vinidhaya divyam annam
sukham anubhavati sma tat tu mam ca
kshipati sudha-jaladhav aho kva yami
Approaching noble Yasoda, and becoming busy in cooking heavenly foods for Her beloved, Radha became filled with happiness. Her pastimes throw me into an ocean of sweet nectar. Ah! How can I swim in that ocean?
tad-asanam anu yad-vihara-jalpam
hari-kritam anvadhita sa-karna-yugmam
smita-nayana-yugam tatha nijalih
prati tad idam mama cittam avrinoti
Radha ate breakfast with Yasoda and the gopis. With both ears Radha heard Krishna's pastimes. With smiling eyes Radha glanced at Her friends. These pastimes fill my thoughts.
harir ahaha tada vanam prayatum
iyam asahana-manasa sapatnyam
iva nidadhe sa-kataksham akshi tasyam
As He left for the forest the glory of many splendid garments covered Lord Krishna's form. Sri Radha's sidelong glance also covered Lord Krishna's form. The garments and the glance competed for the right to cover Lord Krishna.
sa vipina-gataye yadapy udasthad
adhita dhritim na hi tarhi khanjanakshi
vapur iha jahata sva-cetasa tam
prasajati sa sma vanaya nirgamaya
As Krishna was going to the forest, the khanjana birds of Sri Radha's eyes yearned to leave Her body and fly with Krishna to the forest.
sarasija-drig athangane 'vatirnah
smitam amritam vicakara yarhi dikshu
iyam atula-rucih sakhishu gupta
sva-nayanam anjalim acacara tarhi
When lotus-eyed Krishna descended to the courtyard, His smiles showering nectar in all directions, peerlessly splendid Radha, hidden among Her friends, made Her eyes worship Him with folded hands.
murajiti nirite varavabodhad
guru-vanitasu nivritya cagatasu
iyam atha lalitadibhih sva-geham
pratigamitagamayat klamena kalam
After Krishna had left the palace, Radha stayed with the older gopis. Then Radha and Her friends headed by Lalita returned to their own homes. The time passed with great difficulty.
prathamam ijitam ikshate gavakshat
tad anu ca varnayati priyabhir esha
iha muhur api tarsha-dharsham asyah
puru dadhad akshi-yugam na santim eti
Radha was the first to see Krishna from the window. She told all Her friends. She was overcome with yearnings. Her eyes could find no peace.
srijati hari-krite sa-haram alyady-
atulam iyam nija-sangini-sahaya
hari-guna-gana-ganam apy apurvam
mridu vidadhati tathapi naiti santim
With Her friends' help She made a garland for Lord Krishna. Although She spent the time singing peerless sweet songs about Lord Krishna's glories, She could find no peace.
svaka-rati-dipanatam svayam jagama
She wore musk tilaka, sapphire earrings, and garments dark like a monsoon cloud. Her complexion was like Lord Krishna's yellow garments. She burned with love for Lord Krishna.
murajiti janani-grihat prayate
vanam anu varsha-varan su-sakhya-digdhan
avasaram anu vesa-bhangi-bhasha-
dishu vadhu-pums-tulitan didesa su-bhruh
Lord Krishna had left his mother's palace. With crooked words beautiful-eyebrowed Radha gave orders to the eunuchs that, anointed with friendship for Her, guarded the women's quarters.
pratinidhi-tanavah stha yuyam asma-
kam iti nija-prabhuna samam prayata
prabhum api tam upetya mad-vidharham
hari-caranam kurute vyatiprasajya
She said to them: Please go to Our master, Krishna, and worship His lotus feet for Us. You will be our representatives.
muhur atha ca bhavadrig eka ekah
su-caritam asya nirikshya nah sametu
iti tad anumatah sa sa kramat tam
muhur anubhuya jagada tam upetya
One of you go to Our master, see His pastimes, and then return to Us.
One of the guards fulfilled this request, saw Krishna, returned, and said to Radha:
Note: The guard's description of Lord Krishna's pastimes to Sri Radha continue until Text 168.
Krishna went to His father's assembly-house, which is praised by the brahmanas, which is a great sky filled with light by the suns of Vraja's cowherd people worshiped by Lord Siva himself, where every direction is filled with auspicious sounds of sweet-voiced brahmanas reciting the Vedas and many poets reciting prayers, where there is a great happiness created by singers, dancers and musicians learned in the arts taught by Bharata Muni, and where there are many relatives on Krishna's father's and the mother's side. Accompanied by Balarama, Krishna flooded all eyes with the nectar of His splendid handsomeness. Then all the worlds became filled with sounds of "Glory! Glory! Glory!"
When Krishna entered the elders rose from their seats. They became like a great river of love flowing to the ocean of Krishna.
Krishna bowed down to everyone together and everyone individually, one by one. With both arms, with lotus hands, and with many glances, He embraced everyone.
The people of Vraja humbly think themselves lowly and unqualified. Even so, the great demigod Brahma praised them, saying they were the friends of Lord Krishna.
Because in the past they performed many pious deeds the people of Vraja are now able to gaze on the sapphire that is Lord Krishna and the diamond that is Lord Balarama.
His throat choked with tears, King Nanda could not speak. Aware of the love in Nanda's heart, Lord Krishna, His own smiling eyes also filled with tears, said:
O father, even though there is no danger in the forest of Vraja, and even though the cows return from the forest of their own accord, We boys nevertheless continue to herd the cows in the forest. The real reason we go to the forest is so that we may play there.
Headed by Upananda, the people of the assembly said to Lord Krishna: Your father is the life of Vraja's people, and You are the life of him. What more need we say. You already know everything.
Seeing some beggars, and wishing to please his son, King Nanda gave them abundant charity. They responded by giving limitless blessings to Nanda's son, Krishna. Even Krishna could not find blessings equal to what they spoke.
With folded hands Krishna begged to be allowed to go to the forest. Seeing His eagerness, and after first having the brahmanas recite auspicious mantras from the Vedas, the people of Vraja brought Lord Krishna to the place where the cows stayed.
From far away they could see the cows. They cows did not come. Then Krishna and the gopas approached the cows. Seeing Krishna and the boys approach, the cows, thinking them to be like their own calves, mooed and ran to them.
Making sounds of "jihi jihi", the cows went to the forest. Following the scent of Lord Krishna's limbs, they happily walked behind.
The older cowherd people followed behind. Krishna showed His anxiety at this. Understanding Krishna's heart, the older cowherd people, tears choking their throats, turned back.
After speaking words of instruction, Father Nanda turned to go. Nanda could not help but use his glances to worship Lord Krishna.
King Nanda and the people of Vraja somehow returned to their homes. Still, they could not help turning their eyes to try and see Krishna.
Gazing on Him with shining eyes, Krishna's elders blessed Him. Krishna bowed down before them, and then went deep into the forest.
Wandering with His brother and friends in the forest, Krishna gave the cows a place to rest. Then, with the sweet sounds of His flute calling the cows, Krishna again wandered on whatever path pleased Him.
Accompanied by Balarama and the boys, Krishna wandered in the delightful forest, where He met many trees, vines, deer, and cuckoos, as well as many other birds
Krishna, Balarama, and the boys imitated the movements of the bees, cuckoos, peacocks, birds, monkeys, deer, and other creatures. Then the boys played music and happily danced.
With many different pastimes the boys pleased Krishna. Each boy pleased Him in his own way.
The very intelligent boys worshiped Lord Krishna with many crooked pastimes. Poetically speaking the joking words of a buffoon, they made Krishna laugh.
Sometimes, speaking sweet words and displaying good and noble character, they make Lord Krishna melt with fraternal love. Other times, expertly propounding the most illogical views in long-winded mock debates, they fill Lord Krishna with wonder.
Their hearts filled with love and with a host of wonderful virtues, again and again, and in many different ways, the boys pleased Lord Krishna.
On some days Your beloved Krishna goes to the Manasa-ganga on Govardhana Hill, and on other days He enjoys pastimes in the water and by the shore of the Yamuna.
Sometimes Krishna and His friends go to Bhandiravana and sometimes they enjoy pastimes in other forests, by the Yamuna, or in other places.
With the sweet music of His flute Your beloved makes the demigods and the birds tremble. Even more wonderful, He makes the unconscious beings and the lifeless objects tremble also.
If by sounding His flute Your master, Krishna, calls the cows to the water, the sweet flute-sound makes the cows stunned with ecstasy, and they stand motionless with half-chewed cud in their mouths. The flute-sound even makes the water become stunned, and for a moment it is no longer liquid but hard like stone.
Seeing that on a hill with no streams or lakes the cows have become thirsty, Your master plays His flute. The flute-music makes the hill melt in ecstasy, providing water for the cows.
Lord Krishna calls the cows by playing their names on His flute. Do they come to Him because they recognize their names in the flute-music? or are they merely attracted by the sweet sound?
One time, at midday, in the summer, in a place without any shade, Krishna played His flute and created clouds that gently sprinkled water on the cows.
One day, His heart melting with kindness, Krishna played His flute. The flute music made the hills melt, and Krishna left His footprint in a momentarily softened stone there.
Sometimes He turns His flute into a boat and ferries the cows and gopas across a river. The sweet flute-music makes the river become stunned and hardened, and then the cows and gopas wonderfully walk to the other side.
Sometimes poets glorify this pastime of the melting stones and other pastimes like it. In this way the readers of sweet poetry become aware of Lord Krishna's pastimes. Still, how is it possible to say everything about Lord Krishna's pastimes?
Sometimes Your beloved arranges for sporting fights between His friends, or between the bulls or the buffaloes. One fighter defeats the other. Seeing the victory and the defeat, Your beloved smiles and laughs.
Sometimes Krishna likes to wear colorful garments. Sometimes He likes a crown and royal upper and lower garments. Sometimes he likes the garments of a dancer. Sometimes He likes the garments of a wrestler.
Sometimes Krishna enjoys wrestling pastimes and sometimes He gracefully dances with His friends. I do not think these two pastimes are different. They are both wonderfully graceful.
They would play like deer, pretend to fight with beaks like birds, play games of closing their eyes, and hurl joking insults at each other. After they had played many games they would stop, eat lunch, and, for a moment, forget about playing.
Tired after enjoying many games with His friends, Krishna enjoyed a nap. The boys fanned Him and served Him in many ways. He was happy and He made the boys happy.
As these pastimes of Lord Krishna entered their ears, Radha and the gopis could hear the sound of Krishna's flute. Again and again they heard that music.
Hearing the flute music, Radha and Her friends were overwhelmed with love for Lord Krishna. Again and again and again they lamented their separation from Him.
Then some of the gopis said: Why are we so dejected? Why, in our suffering, have we forgotten Yasoda's request to us?
Merciful Yasoda and Rohini gave us the way to fulfill our desires. We should adopt it.
First there is breakfast. Then, at one and half praharas there is another meal, at four praharas there is another meal, and in the evening there is the last meal.
His mother prepares His breakfast, His friends prepare the next meal, His father and elders prepare the meal at four praharas, and You prepare His evening meal.
Krishna has now come to the outskirts of Vraja village. On some pretext he will meet with you all and make you happy.
Quickly go and prepare His meal. King Nanda has already eaten. Now he orders you to prepare a meal for his son.
Thus, on King Nanda's order the gopis prepared many delicious foods and carried them on their heads to the outskirts of Vraja village.
The boys, who were born in the same families as the gopis, happily ran in front of, behind, and to the left and right of the gopis.
O heart, look at these pastimes of Krishna's happily eating lunch and playing in the forest! Do you see them? These pastimes make great sages speak words that are the sweetest poetry.
Who are the great sages? The great sages are they who are at every moment enchanted by hearing about Krishna, who is Himself charmed by the virtues of Sri Radha.
Krishna and His friends saw the gopis and the gopis saw Them. The boys were immersed in playing and gave no thought to eating lunch.
Seeing this, Madhumangala at once said: If you are not too immersed in playing games, then look before you. How can our hunger not be important?
The boys smiled and said: We don't need lunch. Lunch is a useless thing.
Laughing again and again, Krishna and the boys formed a circle, washed their feet, hands, and mouths, and enjoyed the pastime of eating lunch.
Dressed in splendid silk garments and surrounded by His friends, Lord Krishna was eager to enjoy His pastimes of lunch.
Like lotus flowers worshiping the moon, the gopis worshiped Krishna. Like cakora birds gazing at the moon, the gopis gazed with smiling eyes at Krishna. They were filled with wonder.
As the boys looked on, Madhumangala sat among them, spoke many joking words, and served them the six kinds of foods that comprised the lunch.
Tears in their eyes, the women of Vraja fed the boys. With every bite He took or gave to His friends, Krishna became filled with bliss.
With every mouthful of delicious food cooked with fragrant ghee they gave, the noble gopis became filled with bliss.
The nimbas and other all-delicious fruits were brought for desert. In this way Krishna and the boys enjoyed moment after moment.
Krishna and Balarama happily ate the lunch of delicious, fragrant, ripe cocount seasoned with pepper and other spices, warm, slightly salty mudga beans, splendid, fragrant rice cooked in fragrant ghee and mixed with fragrant saffron, many kinds of bitter, sour, and pungent foods, cooked in different ways and brought from home, pleasantly bitter soup of canaka, kalaya, masa, and mudga beans, many kinds of fruits, leaves, and vegetables, bitter amalaki fruits cooked in ghee and spiced with cumin seeds, many kinds of pleasantly bitter and sour foods, thick yogurt, capatis cooked with ghee, delicious thick sugared milk, mango juice that defeated the taste of nectar, and scented water, all of this mixed with the affectionately angry playful words of Mother Yasoda and the playful mock debate of the circle of friends. When everyone had finished eating, the servants happily ate what remained.
Accompanied by His friends, Lord Krishna again and again enjoyed six kinds of delicious foods. In this way He satisfied everyone's desire.