Srila Prabhupada on Srimad Bhagavatam 1.1.7-9,
BY: SUN STAFF
May 21, 2011 CANADA (SUN) A serial exploration of Srila Prabhupada's preaching on Srimad Bhagavatam.
In our last segment, we presented Texts 7 through 9 of the First Chapter, First Canto from the original Srimad Bhagwatam, offering comparative views of the differences between the slokas and translations in both the Bhagwatam and later BBT Bhagavatam editions. Today we'll begin to explore Srila Prabhupada's preaching on SB 1.1.9, the only lecture he gave on any of these three verses.
Srila Prabhupada's lecture on SB 1.1.9 was given in Auckland, New Zealand on February 20, 1973. In it, Srila Prabhupada mentions the following (paraphrased) points, among others:
Suta Gosvami was selected because he received the knowledge from Vyasadeva and other sages very perfectly on account of his becoming submissive and serious. This is the first qualification.
They are asking, "What you have thought, the best way of achievement, the highest goal of life. Anjasa, just make it easy."
In this age, execution of spiritual life, austerities, penance is very difficult, not possible. People are so fallen they cannot accept any severe type of austerity. Therefore the yoga system is not at all possible in this age.
Even the greatest learned man. In the sastra therefore, it is ordered, matra svasra duhitra va (SB 9.19.17).
"Never sit down in a lonely place even with your mother, even with your sister, or even with your daughter." balavan indriya-gramah (SB 9.19.17), the indriya-gramah, all the senses, especially the sex, is so strong that vidvamsam api karsati (SB 9.19.17), even one is very learned, very well educated, still he is attracted.
Material world means to get this material body, and material body means subjected to the tribulations of material nature. This is called conditioned life. As soon as you get a material body, you have to undergo the pains of pleasures. No pleasures, all pains. You have to undergo.
Krsna advised Arjuna, 'Don't be subjected to the seasonal changes, agamapayino 'nitya (Bg 2.14), they come and go. Whenever there is some reverse condition of life, don't be disturbed because they will come and go.' Our real business is Krsna consciousness.
How can this Krsna consciousness be developed by the easiest method? tatra tatranjasayusman bhavata yad viniscitam (SB 1.1.9)
tad vijnanartham sa gurum evabhigacchet (Mundaka Upanishad 1.2.12). Here is a guru because he has learned sufficiently from Vyasadeva and other sages, therefore they are asking from him.
They are blessing, "Be blessed with long span of life." Although he was young, still they're asking, great, great learned brahmanas and sages, "What you have decided to be the easiest process to achieve the highest goal of life?" pumsam ekantatah sreyas (SB 1.1.9). Ekantatah, absolute. Sreyas means benefit.
There are two kinds of benefit: one is preyas and one is sreyas. Preyas means immediately very pleasing, sense satisfaction. Sreyas means ultimate goal.
The human form of life should be used for sreyas. pumsam ekantatah sreyas (SB 1.1.9). We should not be attracted by the preyas. But modern education is so nasty that they encourage preyas.
Immature sex life spoils the brain, spoils strength. Everything is spoiled. In student life, brahmacari system is very nice. If he keeps brahmacari without any sex life, then his brain becomes very potent. Memory becomes very sharp, bodily sense becomes very solid. His life becomes very solid for future sreyas.
The great sages are asking, pumsam ekantatah sreyas (SB 1.1.9). Tan nah samsitum arhasi, "Kindly describe what we should accept."
Everyone should be inquisitive for the ultimate benefit of life. The ultimate benefit of life is to stop this repetition of birth and death, old age and disease.
Our acaryas, sad-gosvami, they left their big service, ministership, and by the order of Caitanya Mahaprabhu they went to Vrndavana. But what for, going to Vrndavana and sleeping and eating? No, no, not for that purpose.
At the present moment when a man becomes old, he requires more rest. But according to Vedic civilization, no more rest, more work, more work.
This Vrndavana now it is nice city, but during the time of Caitanya Mahaprabhu it was a big field only, nothing was there. Krsna's lilas were not visible. Caitanya Mahaprabhu saw one small hole, little water and He indicated -- Radha-kunda was discovered.
Gosvamis were working very hard nana-sastra-vicaranaika-nipunau (Sri Sad-Gosvamyastakam), they were very expert in scrutinizingly studying all the Vedic literatures.
Rupa Gosvami has quoted so many verses, the biography is stated there in compiling Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu, which we've translated, Nectar of Devotion. So this Nectar of Devotion, because formerly whatever is given under Vedic evidence it will be accepted always correct. Therefore nana-sastra-vicaranaika.
They used to collect all the Vedic references and put into Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu to establish that bhagavad-bhakti, devotional service to the Lord, is the ultimate goal of life. nana-sastra-vicaranaika-nipunau sad-dharma-samsthapakau (Sri Sad-Gosvamyastakam).
Karmis they are engaged in asad-dharma not sad-dharma.
This body is antavat, it is to be perishable, therefore asat. Asato ma sad gama. The Vedic injunction is, don't be addicted to this asat, this bodily comforts of life. Sad-gama, try to revive your eternal life.
Bhagavata says, yasyatma-buddhih kunape tridhatuke sa eva go-kharah (SB 10.84.13). Anyone who is accepting this body as self, he is no better than animal. Go-kharah. Go means cow and kharah means ass.
How to get the spirit soul who is now entangled or encaged in this material body. That is sad-dharma, that is sanatana-dharma. Sad means sanatana, which exists. Sanatana means eternal. What is sat, that is eternal. What is asat, that is temporary.
The lamentable position of present civilization is that people are becoming entangled. And there is risk. I do not know whether I shall be able to accept a human body. There are 8,400,000 bodies, I have to accept any body as given by nature. prakrteh kriyamanani gunaih karmani (Bg 3.27).
I am associating in different qualities and prakrti is recording all, automatically it is being recorded what type of body you'll have next life. prakrteh kriyamanani gunaih karmani sarvasah (Bg 3.27).
karanam guna-sango 'sya sad-asad-yoni-janmasu (Bg 13.22). Why one is born in high family, rich family, why other is poor family or one is born in lower animals, one is born as demigods? The reason is karanam guna-sango 'sya. He has associated with a particular type of the material qualities, therefore he has to accept a particular type of body.
We are instructing our students, Associate with the good qualities. The best qualities of association is devotional service, a devotee, because they're transcendental, above goodness.
If you live in the forest that is association with goodness, because there is no material contamination, simple life in the forest. If you live in the city, that is association with passion – the brothel, the liquor shop, gambling, that is association with ignorance. But if you live in the temple, that is transcendence, that is Vaikuntha. In this way we have to detach ourselves from the association of the three gunas.
traigunya-visaya veda nistraigunyo bhavarjuna (Bg 2.45). "My dear Arjuna, just become transcendental to the three gunas."
In this material world goodness is supposed to be very nice quality, but here the goodness also is temporary. There is chance of being affected, infected with the other qualities, sattva-rajas-tamo guna.
At least we have to transcend the rajas-tamo guna. tada rajas-tamo-bhavah kama-lobhadayas ca ye (SB 1.2.19). Rajas-tamo, the quality of passion and ignorance, mean the symptoms of these qualities is kama and lobha, lust and greediness.
When there is prominence of goodness then we can understand what is what, what is God, what I am, what is this world. That is knowledge. And above this, transcendental, not only knowledge but practical application of knowledge in life. That is called suddha-sattva.
Here the question is that pumsam ekantatah sreyas tan nah samsitum arhasi (SB 1.1.9). "Now we are very much eager to hear from you, to listen from you, kindly let us know what is the easiest method to achieve the highest goal of life."
If the society becomes Krsna conscious or spiritually advanced, the so-called material advancement will automatically be there. There is no scarcity.
We are simply engaged in Krsna consciousness business. So far our material necessities are concerned we are not badly situated. We are living in a nice house, we are eating nice foodstuff, we have got nice dress and the devotees look very nice, bright faces. What is the wrong there? They are not busy earning money, they are depending on Krsna and Krsna is supplying them.
yoga-ksemam vahamy aham tesam nityabhiyuktanam (Bg 9.22). If anyone is completely engaged in spiritual advancement of life then yoga-ksemam vahamy aham. I take charge of yoga-ksemam.
Whatever you are eating you cannot manufacture in the factory. It is supplied by Krsna. eko bahunam yo vidadhati kaman (Bg 2.12). In the animal life the necessities are eating, sleeping, mating and defending. Everything is there.
Intelligence is there even in the lowest animals, even in the ant -- how to make this body comfortable, that is not advancement of civilization. That kind of civilization is there even in the cats and dogs. They know. Nobody has to go to the university to learn how to eat, how to sleep, how to have sex life, how to defend.
Don't spoil this human form of life only for satisfying the animal propensities. You try to advance in spiritual consciousness. That is ekantatah sreyas.
Acarya does not write any book of sex psychology, Freud's philosophy. That is not acarya, that is rascal. Acarya gives direction how one can make advance in spiritual consciousness.
Acarya means, just like Gosvamis, they would read all the scriptures and take the essence of it and give it to his disciples. He knows what to give, how to manipulate, so that his ekantatah sreyas will be achieved. Ultimate goal. The acarya knows how to adjust things, at the same time keep pace with the spiritual interest.
It depends on the acarya how to adjust things. The acarya knows how to adjust things. The real purpose is how one will take to spiritual consciousness, or Krsna consciousness. Keeping one's aim to that point some concession may be given. As far as possible, keeping pace with the time, circumstances.
The condemned state at the present moment, how the whole world, whole atmosphere, is condemned is described in the next verse -- prayenalpayusah sabhya kalav asmin yuge janah (SB 1.1.10).
Prayenalpayusah. The first qualification is short span of life. The more Kali-yuga advances, the vitality, span of life will be reduced. At the end, almost end, people will live not more than thirty years.
The next, mandah, lazy. ill-educated. They do not know what is the aim of life. Mandah or slow. Sumanda-matayo, and if one is superficially so-called spiritually they will capture some baba, some god, some yogi, some bluffer, and they will follow them. Sumanda-matayo.
Christian religion, Mohammedan religion, Buddhist religion, Jain religion, this religion, that religion, this ism, that ism, they are all history. Limited, within the limit of time. But this Vedic religion has no beginning or end.
Whatever your religion may be, the real purpose of religion is to understand God. How far you have understood God?" That is practically nil.
Almost everyone is unfortunate. They haven't got even means to accommodate the bare necessities of life--eating, sleeping, mating. They're also deficient. mandah sumanda-matayo manda-bhagya hy upadrutah (SB 1.1.10).
There is always disturbance. Sometimes war, sometimes famine, sometimes earthquake, sometimes this, overflood. In this way we are so much complicated.
In this condition of life how you can take up very serious type of self-realization, that is not possible.
Bhaktivedanta Book Trust
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