The Monsoon of Lord Krsna's Opulence
BY: SRI BALADEVA VIDYABHUSANA
Apr 29, CANADA (SUN)
The Monsoon of Lord Krsna's Opulence
The Spritual World
I offer my respectful obeisances to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, whose form is like a blue lotus flower, who wears golden ornaments, who possesses a multitude of eternal transcendental qualities and opulences, and who bears the name Sri Krsna.
Appearing in this world with Srila Santana Goswami and Srila Rupa Goswami, and bringing great tidal waves to the ocean of transcendental bliss, may the wonderful and splendid rising moon of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu dispel the darkness within our hearts.
Note: If the word sanatana is interpreted to mean "eternal" and if the word rupam is interpreted to mean "form," then this verse may be understood in the following way: "Revealing its eternal transcendental form in this world, and bringing great tidal waves to the ocean of transcendental bliss, may the wonderful and splendid rising moon of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu dispel the darkness within our hearts."
Lord Visnu's very wonderful realm is named Paravyoma. It is like a great city of regal palaces. It is filled with the most exalted transcendental knowledge, and it shines far beyond the darkness of matter.
In this spiritual world Lord Krsna appears as Narayana, Vasudeva, and His other catur-vyuha expansions, and as Lord Nrsimha and His other lila expansions. In these forms He displays His transcendental opulences and enjoys pastimes with HIs devotees.
Appearing in many blissful transcendental forms, endowed with a host of transcendental opulences, and accompanied by many friends, who are all goddesses like her, the supreme goddess Laksmi eternally worships her husband Narayana, who also appears in many transcendental forms.
Above the Paravyoma are the realms of Dvaraka, MAthura and Vraja. In these places Lord Krsna, the son of Devaki, enjoys transcendental pastimes with His friends and relatives.
In Mathura, and in the opulent city of Dvaraka, SAtyaki, Uddhava and many others worship the Lord and many goddesses of fortune, headed by Srimati Rukmini worship their husband, the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
Accompanied by many friends and servants, Lord Hari, the prince of Vraja, stays in the beautiful and opulent realm of Gokula. Sri Radhika, along with Her friends, who are all goddesses like Her, continually serve Him without engaging in any other activity.
The Gopala-tapani Upanisad explains that although Lord Krsna eternally remains in the spiritual world, sometimes, accompanied by His personal expansions and confidential devotees, He descends to the material world.
Because of His great handsomeness, sweetness, charm, and opulence, because of the musical sound of His flute, because He is filled with love, and because of His host of friends and relatives, great poets and philosophers say that Lord Krsna, the son of Maharaja Nanda, is the original Supreme Personality of Godhead.
The Lord's Appearance in the Material World
as the Purusavataras and Other Incarnations
After the period of universal annihilation was completed and the material world was again manifested, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, in His form of Sankarsana, glanced at the multitude of His own material universes and saw the suffering conditioned souls. Feeling compassion for them, the Lord appeared in the material realm and displayed His extraordinary opulences.
Appearing within each universe, Lord Sankarsana then expanded Himself as Pradyumna, who became the father of Lord Brahma. The all-pervading Lord Sankarsana also expanded Himself as Lord Matsya and countless other incarnations of Godhead, all manifesting unlimited transcendental qualities and opulences.
He then expanded Himself as Aniruddha, who resides on the Ksirodaka Ocean, and who aslo expands Himself as the Supersoul, remaining within the hearts of all the conditioned souls. Lord Aniruddha enjoys pastimes with the demigods and displays His wonderful prowess by completely vanquishing their enemies.
Whenever and wherever the hosts of demoniac armies cause a decline in the principles of religion, at that time the Supreme Lord descends as Lord Vasudeva and Lord Brahma to stop the decline f religion.
Compassionately observing the sufferings of His devotee Prahlada, the Supreme Personality of Godhead assumed the ferocious form of Lord Nrsimha and killed His devotee's enemy. All glories to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Govinda, the son of Maharaja Nanda.
Lord Krsna, the original Supreme Personality of Godhead, sometimes descends to the world of men with His associates and transcendental abode. He removes the burden of the earth and delights His devotees.
At first the Lord's transcendental abode becomes manifest within this world, and then, one by one, the Lord's parents and other elderly personalities appear. After that the Supreme Lord, full of transcendental opulences, and accompanied by the goddess of fortune and Her dear companions, who are all like Her, appears within this world.
In these associates of the Lord are manifest all transcendental knowledge and expertise, all opulences and good fortune, and ardent devotion to Lord Hari.
The Appearance of Vasudeva and Nanda in the Vrsni Dynasty
King Devamida as born in the Vrsni dynasty. He had two wives: Ksatriya and Arya. From Kstariya a son named Sura was born, and from Arya a son named Parjnaya was born.
From Sura was born the great Vasudeva, whose wife was the virtuous Devaki. From Parjanya, the king of Vraja, was born Nanda, whose wife was the splendidly beautiful Yasoda.
When Vasudeva was born, the demigods, blossoming with happiness, played musical instruments to celebrate the occasion. Vasudeva became very generous and a pious servant of the brahmanas. He was respected by all. He became the place where Lord Visnu made His appearance in this world.
The learned Sukadeva Goswami explained that Devaki is deva-rupini, which means that she is the equal of all demi-gods. Within her womb Devaki held the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the maintainer of all the universes. What could be more wonderful than this?
Nanda was the king of Vrajabhumi and a great devotee of Lord Narayana, the husband of the goddess of fortune. Surrounded by many affectionate friends and counselors, he lived in a beautiful and opulent palace that resounded with wonderfully melodious instrumental music. He was the fabulously wealthy master of an unlimited herd of cows and bulls, and the possessor of many chariots and other vehicles. Because he was both a scholar learned in all Vedic literatures and a strict follower of religious principles, he was respected by all.
Lord Visnu, the omnipotent, all-pervading Personality of Godhead, the master of the entire universe, became satisfied simply by sitting on Mother Yasoda's lap and drinking milk from her breast. Seeing Mother Yasoda's exalted position, the Goddess of Fortune personally offered respectful obeisances to her, bowing down to her lotus feet with great awe and reverence. Who can describe the auspicious good fortune of Mother Yasoda?
Nanda Maharaja's friends and relatives were all intelligent, learned and devoted to Lord Hari and the spiritual masters and the brahmanas. They carefully kept the sacred fire. They were the masters of many cows, bulls, and horses.
Nanda Maharaja's friend, King Vrsabhanau, was full of all auspicious qualities, and his daughter Srimati Radharani, was full of all auspicious qualities. The Vedas describe Srimati Radharani as the supreme empress who rules over all the goddesses of fortune.
Nanda Maharaja was a great patron of the arts, and talented poets, singers, musicians, and dancers would display their skill to Him. He would please all these artists by rewarding them handsomely and fulfilling all their desires.
His kingdom was the mother of many rivers, which bestowed abundant charity in the form of water. The kalpa-vrksa trees and surabhi cows in his kingdom eternally showered the fulfillment of all desires.
In his kingdom there was a hill named Govardhana. Go means "cow" and vardhana means "increases." The hill was very appropriately named, for it amply nourished all the surabhi cows by providing fresh grass for the cows to eat. Decorated with many jewels, swiftly moving streams, caves that appeared to be palaces, and nice fruits and flowers, this hill earnestly served Nanda Maharaja.
Nanda Maharaja's Capitol
Nanda Maharaja's large capitol, full of many beautiful palaces and decorated with large, regal gates, was splendidly manifested in the forest of Mahavana. I that city Lord Visnu, who is full of al auspicious transcendental qualities, who never takes birth, and who rescues His devotees from the cycle of birth and death, was born in this world.
Nearby was King Vrsabhanu's splendid palace, whereby Queen Radhika, the beloved companion of Lord Krsna, the moon of Vraja, appeared in this world.
Charming Nandisvara Hill bore an abundance of fruits and flowers. Near its summit, which was studded with jewels, stood the great city of the king of Vraja.
In Nanda Maharaja's capitol were many beautiful gardens, wells, ponds, marketplaces, and palaces studded with wonderful jewels.
In Nanda Maharaja's capitol were many beautiful residences for surabhi cows, and many large gates, studded with jewels and protected by the Kings soldiers decked in golden ornaments. These opulences enchanted everyone's heart.
In the middle of that city was Nanda Maharaj's splendid palace made of lazuli, precious coral, emeralds, and, many others jewels, constructed with many large pillars, elegant windows and lattices, a beautiful roof, rooftop apartments, and many glistening flags.
Although expertly constructed with many playful and amazing tricks, the assembly halls of Maharaja Nanda, who was worshipped by everyone, were beyond the touch of the illusory potency, maya. They were the residence of the goddess of fortune and they were admired by the best of architects.
Outside the halls were large gates made of gold and jewels and protected by royal guards whose handsome limbs removed the pride of King Indra.
In Nanda Maharaja's kingdom there was a very wonderful sysytem of aqueducts carrying water from the hills to every house and garden by a series of bamboo pipes.
The splendid homes of the people in Nanda Maharaja's kingdom were made of lapis lazuli, diamonds, and many other precious gems, and were decorated with many glistening flags. In each home there were continual festivals celebrating the glories of Lord Visnu, the husband of the goddess of fortune.
Nanda Maharaja's kingdom was surrounded by a very tall, splendid, well fortified wall with beautiful gardens on its topmost ramparts. Circling the entire kingdom was a great moat filed by streams flowing form the hills.
The forests of Maharaja Nanda's kingdom were filled with the sound of musk deer, camaras, and other wild animals as they walked through the mud and clay of the forest. The forest streams were filled with the sound of the waves rushing past the many lotus flowers.
Maharaja Nanda's large, splendid, and transcendental kingdom around Nandisvara Hill was faithfully served by Sarasvati, the goddess of learning. It was the favourite place of Lord Hari, and it stood next to the kingdom of Maharaja Vrsabhanu.
Description of the Festival of the Births of the Supreme Personality of Godhead and His Associates.
Lotus-eyed Lord Krsna, the master of all transcendental opulence and glory, entered Maharaja Vasudeva and appeared before Maharaja Nanda. Learned and exalted, Vasudeva and Nanda gave Lord Krsna to their wives, who both held Him as their son.
Because of Lord Krsna's entrance in their wombs, the two friends Devaki and Yasoda became very beautiful. Appearing as splendid lightning they delighted the pious devotees and pained the envious demons.
When Lord Mukunda (Krsna) appeared in this world, musical instruments sounded of their own accord, trees and flowers blossomed, and the minds and hearts of the brahamanas and devotees also blossomed with happiness.
On the eight night of the dark moon, at midnight, when the star Rohini was near the moon, the queen of Vraja easily gave birth to twins: Lord Hari and the goddess Durga; and at the same moment Devaki gave birth to a single child: Lord Hari. When Lord Hari appeared in this way the pure hearted devotees became filled with joy.
Seeing his son and knowing Him to be the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Vasudeva became filled with happiness and gave away millions of cows in charity within his mind. Because he was afraid of Kamsa, Vasudeva quickly carried his unlimitedly powerful son to the home of his brother, the king of Vraja.
Vasudeva placed his own son in Nanda's home, took Yasoda's daughter, and gave her to King Kamsa. By Lord Krsna's inconceivable potency the two Krsnas born separately from Devaki and Yasoda became one tiny child.
Note: His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada mentions this pastime in the following words (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.3.47 Purport): "Srila Visvanath Cakravati discusses that Krsna appeared simultaneously as the son of Devaki and the son of Yasoda, along with the spiritual energy Yogamaya. As the son of Devaki, He first appeared as Visnu, and because Vasudeva was not in the position of pure affection for Krsna, Vasudeva worshipped his son as Lord Visnu. Yasoda, however, pleased her son Krsna without understanding his Godhood. This is the difference between Krsna as the son of Yasoda and as the son of Devaki. This is explained by Visvanath Cakravati on the authority of Hari-vamsa."
Srila Rupa Goswami also discusses this pastime in these words(Laghu-Bhagavatamrta 1.5.454-456):
kecid bhagavath prahur
evam atra puratanah
vyuhah pradurbhaved adyo
gosthe tu mayaya sradhanam
"In ancient times some devotees have said that the Lord appeared in His Vasudeva feature in the home Maharaja Vasudeva, and at the same time appeared in His original form of Krsna in the village of Vraja. In this way these devotees have said that Sri Krsna and Yogamaya were the twin children of Yasoda in Vrajabhumi."
gatva yadu-varo gostham
tatra suri-grham visan
kanyam eva param viksya
tam adayavrajat puram
pravisad vasudevas tu
"When Maharaja Vasudeva arrived in Vrajabhumi he entered Yasoda-devis maternity room, saw Yasoda's daughter, took her, and returned with her to Mathura. The Vasudeva expansion Maharaja Vasudeva carried with him entered the body of Sri Krsna, who had just taken birth as the son of Yasoda. In this way the two forms of Vasudeva and Krsna became one."
noktam tatra katha-krame
kintu kvacit prasangena
"Because this pastime is very confidential it is not related in Srimad-Bhagavatam. Nevertheless Sukadeva Goswami and other great devotees have indirectly described it in some of their writings."
From his associates, the king of Vraja learned about he birth of his son, who was in truth the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Overcome with joy, the king dressed in costly garments and ornaments and had the best of brahmanas perform the birth ceremony according to the rules of the Sruti-sastra.
Nanda Maharaja was naturally generous and full of faith in the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Overwhelmed with joy at the festive celebration of his son's birth, he gave two million nicely decorated cows along with their calves in charity to the brahamanas.
Nanda Maharaja gave to the brahmanas seven hills of grain along with many jewels, golden ornaments, and costly garments. All the cows were carefully decorated for the occasion. Vraja became filled with wonder.
The brahmanas, sutas, magadhas and vandis recited auspicious prayers. Musical instruments were sounded, and there was a great winder of singing and dancing.
Hearing about the auspicious transcendental qualities of Nanda Maharaja's son, the cowherd people became full of joy. Nicely dressed, wearing jeweled ornaments, and bearing valuable gifts in their hands, they eagerly went to the home of the king of Vraja.
Dressed in wonderful colorful ornaments, beautiful jewel earrings, ankle bells, and great necklaces, and carrying gifts in their hands, the women of the town of Vrajapura came to the kings palace, eager to see Lord Krsna.
Their voices decorated with the shouts of jaya, the people of Vraja sprinkled ghee, yoghurt, and turmeric. AS if mad with happiness, Brahma, Siva, Sanakumara, and all the demigods danced in the kings courtyard.
With a joyful heart the king of Vraja welcomed his friends and relatives and gave them gifts of many priceless jeweled ornaments, costly garments, and fragrant incense and perfume, fulfilling all their desires.
Nanda Maharaja glowed with happiness at the celebration of his son's birth. He opened wide the doors of his treasury and gave charity without restriction. Drowning in a flood of happiness, the beggars loudly praised the kings charity that fulfilled all their desires.
At first the king of Vraja and his subjects experienced a happiness within measured limits, but when child Krsna, the Supreme Lord, arrived, everyone's happiness at once passed beyond all limits.
Behind Krsna came Sri Balarama, Sridama, Ujjvala, and many other children. Shining with great luster, these boys made Vraja appear like the peak of a mountain of jewels.
Filled with transcendental glory and opulence, Govinda and the other boys filled with happiness the homes of the fortunate cowherd men headed by Maharaja Nanda in Vrajabhumi.
Even though Lord Krsna, the son of Maharaja Nanda, is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the ultimate goal of all living entities, He still considers that the supreme goal of His life is Sri Radha, who has fathomless beauty and numberless transcendental qualities, an who appeared in the holy abode of Vraja as the daughter of Kirtida-devi.
At the time of the festival of Sri Radha's birth, even the prayers of the great demigods left the world unsatisfied. When the women of Vraja saw the auspicious marks on Her lotus feet they all became convinced that this girl was the goddess of fortune.
When poets attempt to describe Sri Radha they became filled with awe and they loudly rebuke the moon, the lotus, and other beautiful things of this world. By constantly meditating on Sri Radha and by repeatedly offering obeisances to Her, these poets attain intense happiness within their hearts.
Every kind of transcendental glory and opulence is manifest from Sri Radha's sidelong glance. Even Lord Krsna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead is not able to describe them all.
Sri Radha's friends, who expertly serve Her, and whose beauty, virtue, and transcendental qualities resemble Hers, then appeared in the capitol of the king of Vraja in the homes of the best of the cowherds.
The Lord's Childhood Pastimes and Other Pastimes
Observing a lotus flower, disk, conchshell, jambu, tree, barleycorn, half-moon, rod for controlling elephants, flag, thunderbolt, and other auspicious markings on the hands and feet of their tiny child the king and queen of Vraja became jubilant and thought, "Our son must be a great exalted person."
Assuming a disguised form, sinful Putana came to kill Krsna by feeding Him the poisoned milk from her breast. Pleased by her acceptance of a mother's role, the tiny child Krsna purified her and awarded her the post of His eternal mother in the spiritual world.
By quickly tearing apart the cart demon Sakatasura and the strong whirlwind demon Trnavarta, the supremely powerful child Krsna delighted the residents of Vrndavana.
Whenever tiny Krsna was seated on His mothers lap He became very restless and mischievous. Seeing His mischievous pastimes, the elderly gopis and all the other residents of Vrajabhumi became plunged in the ocean of transcendental bliss.
Krsna received many names from Gargacarya, and later the gopis, to describe His confidential pastimes called Him Mukunda (the giver of liberation) and Corika-narma-deva (the playful king of thieves).
When great sages yearned for some of the dust where child Krsna was playing, on the pretext of giving them a handful of dust, the generous Lord gave them the sweetest nectar.
Sometimes restless, curious Krsna would approach His father, King Nanda, in the midst of the royal assembly. His forehead as splendid as the crescent moon, His eyes decorated with black ointment, and His words very sweet and charming, He delighted everyone and kept them from their business for a very long time.
Dressed in yellow silk and decorated with bracelets, anklets, necklaces, splendid armlets, and golden earrings, child Krsna stole everyone's heart with the tinkling sounds He made as He walked.
Riding on a chariot with His brother Balaram, and accompanied by His mother, who rode on a palanquin, Lord Hari would sometimes travel to the forest to serve the great devotees-sages at their hermitages in the forest. When the Lord offered them yoghurt, modaka candies, and other palatable foodstuffs, the intelligent sages became filled with bliss.
Disguised as birds, the great demigods would regularly eat the remnants of Krsna's and Balarama's meals. This is a great wonder.
Accompanied by Hs friends, Krsna would steal milk products from the gopis, eat some, give some to the monkeys. Even though these pranks were described to His mother, they only increased her love for Him. Amused by all His pranks, she did not punish Him.
One day Krsna's elder brother informed His mother that "Krsna has eaten clay." When His mother angrily rebuked Him, frightened Krsna showed her the entire universe within His mouth. Pacifying her in this way, child Krsna became jubilant.
Bound up by His mother when she saw His pranks, Krsna displayed His great power. Even though He was Himself bound, He broke the two arjuna trees and gave them both liberation. For this reason He is known as Mukunda, the giver of liberation.
Staying in Vrndavana forest and herding the calves with His friends, Krsna killed Vatsasura, Bakasura, and Aghasura. Once, when His lunch was interrupted, He purified the demigod Brahma.
When Krsna crushed the Kaliya serpent and purified the Yamuna River, he observed the great and wonderful love the residents of Gokula held for Him, and He became very pleased at heart.
Playing with His friends in pairs, Lord Krsna arranged that Balarama, the enemy of Dhenukasura, would kill the demon Pralamba, the enemy of the demigods. By swallowing a fire in the Munjatavi forest, Krsna displayed the friendship He bears for His devotees.
Placing the gopis' garments on His shoulder and gazing at the beauty of their bodies, Lord Krsna revealed to the world the pure devotees' unlimited desires to attain Him.
When the demigods offered prayers and dance, Krsna will not even glance at them form the corner of His eye, although He himself glorifies the trees of Vrjabhumi and very happily embraces them with both His arms.
After eating the foodstuffs offered by the wives of the brahmanas, Lord Krsna blessed them to attain His own lotus feet. Rejecting the importance of Vedic rituals, he proclaimed that their pure faith in Him was the cause of their advancement in pure devotional service.
In His youth Krsna lifted Govardhana Hill and defeated Indra, the proud king of the demigods. For His sake the hearts of the girls of Vraja were filled with amorous passions as if surrounded by a host of blazing fires.
When all the girls of Vraja married Lord Krsna, the moon of Vraja, according to the gandharva rite, the demigoddesses in the celestial planets jubilantly and wonderfully scattered flowers, sang, danced, and played mrdangas.
Seeing Brahma offering prayers, Siva expressing his devotion, and Indra and all the demigods acting as servants of Nanda's son, Krsna, the cowherd people understood that Kamsa's demoniac allies were as insignificant as so many pieces of straw.
As they gazed on Lord Krsna, the only friend of the surrendered souls, thd husband of the goddesses of fortune, the object of worship for the leaders of the demigods, His face the moon, His eyes lotus flowers, His complexion splendid as a dark atasi flower, His spiritual form anointed with sandal paste, dressed in exquisite golden ornaments, decorated with glistening ornaments, crowned with a wonderfully colorful turban, and always surrounded by His friends, the people of Vraja became filled with bliss and love.
Seeing Him very gentle, humble, and filled with transcendental good qualities, at an auspicious moment, and with many auspicious ceremonies, King Nanda crowned his son(Krsna) the prince of Vraja.
Nanda built a beautiful palace and appointed Lord Balarama prime minister and governor of Vrajabhumi. In this way he plunged everyone into an ocean of happiness.
To his personal architect's son, a boy who was an ocean of intelligent and whose physical strength had no farther shore, Nanda ordered: "Please build a very wonderful palace that will please your friend Krsna."
For Lord Krsna, the moon of Vraja, he at once built a very beautiful palace with a network of splendid roofs and rooftop apartmens and with many beautiful courtyards, lattices, windows, doorways, and decorative water fountains.
Decorated with four clear lakes full of blossoming lotus flowers and bounded by jeweled shores and gardens full of many kinds of blossoming flowers and humming bumblebees, that palace was splendidly beautiful.
On many mountain peaks the architect built many different jeweled palaces more beautiful than anything built by the celestial architect, Visvakarma. Expert at appreciating art and architecture, Krsna was very pleased, and with a happy heart gave the architect many jeweled ornaments and valuable garments.
Their forms the abodes of nectar of the most splendid transcendental handsomeness and Their hearts pierced by each others smiling glances, the lovers Sri Sri Radha and Krsna enjoy many pastimes with Their friends in these jeweled palaces.
When, invited for a visit, the king of Vraja travelled with his wife, son, friends, all decorated with glistening jewels and fanned with camara wisks, and all riding on chariots, palanquins, or horses to the accompaniment of a band of turyas, even the great demigods became struck with wonder to the see the splendid sight.
When the king of Vraja entered the palace, Maharaja Vrsabhanu and his associates, with great respect and cordial hospitality, at once brought him many kinds of palatable foods.
Gazing at the shower of nectar that is Lord Krsna, all these friends, and especially the young girls, who were deeply in love with Him, became plunged into an ocean of transcendental bliss.
Thirsting to enjoy transcendental amorous pastimes, Sri Sri Radha-Krsna drank the nectar of each other's charming smiles. A monsoon shower of sidelong glances rose from the dark lotus petal eyes of the dark mountain monsoon cloud and glittering lightning flash that were Sri Sri Radha-Krsna.
Presenting many valuable ornaments and other gifts, Maharaja Vrsabhanu worshiped the king of Vraja. He and his associates followed the king of Vraja and his party for a great distance, and only with great reluctance did he finally turn back and enter his own beautiful garden.
After this visit Princess Radhika, the object of Lord Krsna's love and the auspiciousness of Vraja, desired to travel to Vraja. She wished to go there decorated with costly garments and ornaments and holding a lotus flower in Her hand in the company of Her mother and friends.
The many very splendid palanquins and chariots, studded with vaidurya jewels, decorated with glittering ornaments, and covered with golden cloths, entered the courtyard of Maharaja Nanda.
Decorated with tinkling ornaments and talking with great animation, the splendidly beautiful girls happily assembled for the journey.
Then Sri Radhika and the other girls, who were all very dear to Lord Krsna, the son of Nanda, ascended their chariots and palanquins. Singing many songs, and gently fanned by maidservants holding camara and other fans, the beautiful-eyebrowed girls left the palace courtyard.
A band of conchshells, kettledrums, and wind instruments played auspicious music during Princess Radhika's journey. A band of heroic soldiers, armed with golden clubs, swords, bows, and arrows, guarded the traveling party on the front and sides.
A fragrant breeze gently blew, a great cloud became like a parasol to shade the traveling party, and the demigoddesses in the celestial planets sang, danced, recited prayers, and played mrdangas and other musical instruments.
Seeing the sprawling city of Nandagrama, which was encircled by walls and a moat and which appeared to them to be like a coiled-up serpent, a sublimely complicated argument offered by the grammarian Patanjali, or a celestial vine that fulfils all desires, the girls happily spoke many prayers glorifying Lord Krsna.
The girls descended from their palanquins and chariots, rewarded the palanquin bearers and chariot drivers, bowed down to offer respects to the queen of Gokula, and accepted from her a gift of excellent betelnuts.
Then the lotus-eyed girls, whose tinkling anklets charm the hearts of their husbands, returned to their own homes, bathed, and performed their household duties to please their husbands.
As He herded the surabhai cows, Maharaja's glorious and handsome son, who has the heart of a rake, trembled with passionate love for the doe-eyed gopis.
Receiving the prayers and worship of Varuna, the controller of the waters, and bringing his father, who had been kidnapped by Varuna, to his own home again, and in this way pleasing the people of Vrajabhumi, the all-powerful Supreme Lord appeared very splendid and glorious.
When Krsna saw the beauty of moonlit Vrndavana forest He began to play His flute. He was quickly decorated by the splendid gopis who rushed to meet Him there.
Singing, dancing, and playing musical instruments, the beautiful gopis affectionately worshipped Krsna. These pastimes confirm the scripture's statement that the Supreme Personality of Godhead is full of unlimited transcendental pleasure.
How can even Sarasvati-devi, the goddess of eloquent speech, attain the power to describe the transcendental happiness created in the arena of the rasa dance by the wonderful sounds of the flutes, lutes, drums, ankle-bells, glistening belts and many ornaments, by the sounds of tatathai from the hand cymbals, by the wonderful singing and dancing, by the graceful hand gestures, and by the splendid jewels that were the beautiful slender forms of the gopis?
All-powerful Lord Krsna rescued Vidyadhara Sudarsana from the life of a serpent and transformed him to a demigod. The Lord also personally killed Sankhacuda and took his Symanataka jewel.
Overcome with feelings of separation, for along time the lotus-eyed girls of Vraja sang the glories of Lord Krsna, the ancient Supreme Personality of Godhead, who was the brother of the dark monsoon clouds and who had then disappeared into the forest. At that time throughout the entire world the swanlike pure devotees rapt in meditation became like flowing rivers of hot tears of anguish and cold tears of transcendental joy.
When the colorful bird of the sound of Krsna's flute flew into the sky in Vrndavana forest, Brahma, Siva, Indra, Narada and all the demigods became struck with wonder, the hills began to flow like rivers, the rivers stood like immovable hills, and all the girls of Vraja became plunged in the river of transcendental unrest.
The demigods offered respectful obeisances to Lord Krsna, who plunged the Arista demon into a flood of pain, who led the Kesi demon to his death and who made the Vyoma demon enter the great sky of the impersonal void.
Then Lord Krsna went to Mathura, where He killed Kamsa and removed the sufferings of His parents. After installing Ugrasena as king of the Yadu lands, the Lord immediately went to Dvaraka.
Lord Krsna killed the demoniac sons of Dhrtarastra, the king of the Kurus, and installed Yudhisthira, the son of Yamaraja, as emperor of the entire earth. After killing a great host of demons, Lord Krsna returned to Vraja, where for two months he fulfilled everyone's desires.
Lord Krsna's Return to Gokula and His Later Pastimes
When Uddhava and other messengers begged that He return to Gokula, Lord Krsna assented to their request. When the Lord returned, melodious sounds of dundubhi drums thundered, auspicious shouts of joy arose in every home, and the forests of Vrndavana showered a great monsoon of nectar.
When the moon of Lord Krsna arose, the land of Vraja became like an ocean filled with waves of transcendental bliss.
When Lord Krsna arrived, the forest of Vrndavan suddenly blossomed into spring.
The splendid kadamba trees suddenly burst into bloom. Tears flowing on to their chests, all the people of Vraja embraced Lord Krsna with intense feelings of love and bliss.
Many sannyasi sages and ascetic householders came there to see Lord Krsna. The Lord worshiped them with great reverence and they spoke many prayers glorifying the Lord with great love and devotion.
They said: "O Lord, You are the master of everyone. You are the giver of ultimate liberation. You give Yourself to Your devotees. You are full of love for your devotees. Your transcendental form is the abode of all knowledge and bliss. You are the resting place of Srivatsa and Laksmi."
"O Lord you are splendidly decorated with the Kaustabha jewel. You are the only cause of the birth, maintenance, and destruction of all universes. You are the master of all inconceivable potencies. You are the origin of the purusa-avataras. Brahma and all the demigods are Your servants."
"O Govinda, O son of Nanda, O killer of Kamsa and his friends, O husband of the goddess of fortune, please purify us. O glorious king of Gokula who is always surrounded by great devotees, all glories to You."
"O infallible Lord as splendid as a dark monsoon cloud, Your devotional service creates intense transcendental bliss. O jewel of all generous and charitable persons, please give this nine-fold devotional service to us. We think that no blessing is better than this."
Riding on splendid palanquins, chariots, and horses, Lord Krsna and His friends went to the forests of Vrndavana. There He enjoyed with them the nectar of transcendental pastimes. There He was worshipped by the supreme goddess of fortune.
With His friends who are like Him in good quality, handsome form, and transcendental opulence, He enjoyed many wonderful pastimes as He herded the cows on Govardhana Hill and in the forests of Vraja.
Eager to enjoy the ultimate transcendental pleasure, He entered at night deep within the forest of Vrndavana, and there, even though He is the natural blissful Supreme Personality of Godhead, He enjoyed the unlimitedly beautiful girls of Vraja.
These eternal and blissful transcendental pastimes of the Supreme Lord, Visnu, the son of Mahraja Nanda, which have been related to us by the faithful pure devotees , completely extinguish the blazing fire of repeated birth and death in the confines of the material world.
Originally spoken by the sage Srila Sukadeva Goswami in the assembly of great devotees, these transcendental and blissful pastimes of Lord Krsna have now been repeated by Baladeva Vidyabhusana. These pastimes should be worshiped in the same way the transcendental form of the Lord is worshiped and served.
By the mercy of Sri Krsnadeva Sarvabhauma Prabhu this monsoon of the transcendental opulences of the Lord has now risen to relieve the sufferings of the saintly devotees whose lotus hearts have become dry, wilted, and lusterless, scorched by the painful heat of the inability to hear the glorification of the transcendental opulences of Lord Krsna, the moon of Vraja.
The unprecedented, blissful, and festive monsoon of the opulences of Lord Krsna, the son of Nanda, that precedes this verse has appeared in this world in 1701 of the Saka era (AD 1779). May this monsoon become dear to the saintly devotees who have taken shelter of Lord Krsna's lotus feet.
A Glimpse into the Life of Srila Baladeva Vidyabhusana
Srila Baladeva Vidyabhusana was born in the early part of the 18th century in a village near the city of Remuna. Even though he was born the son a vaisya farmer, in his youth he still received a very thorough education in Sanskrit, rhetoric, logic and scripture. In his youth he accepted sannyasa in the Madhva-sampradaya, and, staying in Jagannatha Puri, he quickly became prominent in intellectual circles. His study of Srila Jiva Goswami's Sandarbhas made him a follower of Sri Caitanay Mahaprabhu. He visited Navadvipa and spent the remaining part of his life in Vrndavana, studying Srimad-Bhagavatam and other Vaisnava scriptures under the guidance of his spiritual master, Srila Visvanatha Cakravarti. At this time, by the order of Visvanatha Cakravarti, and by the mercy of the Deity of Sri Govinda, the famous Govinda-bhasya commentary on Vedanta-sutra was written to answer criticism that the followers of Sri Caitanya were not genuine followers of the Vedas because they had neglected to comment on the Vedanta.
The most important works of Srila Baladeva Vidyabhusana are: 1. Govinda-bhasya, 2. Siddhanta-ratna, 3. Vedanta-syamantaka, 4. Prameya-ratnavali, 5. Siddhanta-darpana, 6. Aisvarya-kadambini, 7. Sahitya-kaumudi, 8. Chandah-kaustubha, 9. Kavya-kau-stubha, 10. Bhagavad-gita-bhasya, 11. Vaisnav-anandini tika (commentary on Srimad-Bhagavatam), as well as commenatries on 12. Tattva sandarbha, 13. Stava-mala, 14. Gopala-tapani Upanisad, 15. Visnu-sahasra-nam, 16. Laghu-bhagavatamrta, 17. Nataka-candrika, and 18. Syamanada-sataka.