Srila Prabhupada on Srimad Bhagavatam, Part 18
BY: SUN STAFF
Mar 07, 2011 CANADA (SUN) A serial exploration of Srila Prabhupada's preaching on Srimad Bhagavatam.
Today we continue our study of Srila Prabhupada's lectures on Srimad Bhagavatam 1.1.2, covering the last two of four consecutive lectures he gave on this verse while in London, on August 17th and 18th, 1971. As we noted yesterday, there may be a labeling error that slots the four parts into the wrong order. The August 17th lecture begins with a reading of the Translation, and the lecture on the 18th covers much of the purport.
In Srila Prabhupada's lecture on SB 1.1.2 from August 17th, Pradyumna beings by reading the Translation of the sloka. Srila Prabhupada then mentions the following (paraphrased) points, among others:
dharma artha kama moksa. These four things are meant for people advanced in civilization. Not spiritually, but advanced in civilization.
Dharma is the basic principle of civilization. dharmena hinah pasubhih samanah (Hitopadesa 25). If there is no dharma, then it is the society of the animals.
There are eight million different species of life below the human society, but there is no question of God consciousness.
In the name of religion, there are so many things going on. At the present moment, in whichever category of religion one may belong to, nobody is following strictly the religious principles. That is called kaitava, cheating.
The real basic principle of religion means the laws given by God. A devotee means one who is abiding by the laws given by God.
What is the value of London or New York City? Go twenty-five miles above, you cannot see your city. It is all finished. Similarly, there are so many universes, seas, mountains, skyscraper, houses we cannot see, because in the universe they are all simply insignificant particles.
To manage this universal affair, the Supreme Lord, has many laws and regulations. Intelligent men will understand that if there are so many rules and regulations in a small place, in so big a place, so universal -- andantara-stha-paramanu (Bs. 5.35) -- there are laws.
Even Professor Einstein, he agreed, that "As I advance, I see there must be a big brain, God."
Not everyone gets to see the Queen, but if he says, "Oh, there is no Queen," or "Queen is dead," will it be accepted? Similarly, some rascals who do not know how this universe is being managed may say, "God is dead, there is no God."
A sane man will say, "There must be somebody, the origin of everything." Athato brahma-jijnasa. Let us discuss about the Supreme Absolute Truth. The answer is that Brahman, the Supreme, is that from whom everything comes out. Janmady asya yatah (SB 1.1.1). Dharma, religion, means to understand that origin.
If it is a human being society, there must be principles of religion. If there is no religion, then it is animal society.
If religion is the code given by God, then we must know. Like a child – if a child is abiding by the laws, but doesn't know who is the law-giver, how the street is managed, he's to be considered as in ignorance.
It is explained in Bhagavad-gita, that these material laws of nature are very strong. They are enacted by the Supreme Lord, mayadhyaksena prakrtih suyate sa-caracaram (Bg. 9.10). Mayadhyaksena, "Under My superintendence."
Krsna has got assistants, 330,000,000 assistants within one universe, and there are innumerable universes. In each and every universe, there must be similarly 330,000,000's or like that. They are called demigods. Demigods means exactly under the position of God.
We don't deny the existence of demigod, but we don't worship that he is God. We Vaisnavas, we are prepared to offer respect even to the ant, and why not to the secretary? We give all honor to the demigods, but we don't accept them as the Supreme. As it is stated in the Caitanya-caritamrta: ekale isvara krsna (Cc Adi 5.142). isvarah paramah krsnah (Bs. 5.1). The only master, or controller, is Krsna.
The Mayavadis think that "God is formless, impersonal, but I cannot meditate upon anything which is formless. So let me imagine something." That is their theory. sadhakanam hitarthaya brahmano rupa-kalpanah. Kalpana, "imagine." And we say, "No. isvarah paramah krsnah sac-cid-ananda-vigrahah. He has got form, but not a form like me." That we know.
So many religious systems say, "God has no form. There is no God. Let us imagine." This is cheating religion. dharmah projjhita-kaitavo 'tra(SB 1.1.2). Cheating. Because there is no real information.
The Christian Bible says, "Man is made after God." So unless God has got form, two hands, two legs, how man has got two hands, two legs? If we are imitation of God, then God must be person. This is natural conclusion.
They cannot imagine that a form of sac-cid-ananda can be possible. That is their lack of knowledge. Krsna has got also two hands, He is also playing flute, with consort, Radharani. Everything is there. Only the ingredients are different.
With material eyes, we cannot see God. Therefore the process is that we have to purify our eyes, our legs, our hands, and everything, so that we may be able to serve God.
This arcana-paddhati, devotional service, although we have got this material body, under the direction of sastra and spiritual master, we are trying to serve God, Krsna. That service is as good as the service in the spiritual world. There is no difference.
When devotional service is ripened by practicing, practicing, when one is accustomed, he develops love for God. Then he cannot do without it.
We cannot see spiritual form at the present moment. atah sri-krsna-namadi na bhaved grahyam indriyaih (Cc Madhya 17.136). Therefore Krsna appears in a way so that we can see, arca-avatara, incarnation of worshipable Deity. We should be respectful just exactly as Krsna is here. Don't make differentiation, that "This Krsna is stone statue."
Similarly the spiritual master is not an ordinary man, arcye sila-dhir gurusu nara-matir vaisnave jati-buddhih (Padma Purana), not to accept a Vaisnava as belonging to some caste and creed.
Any religion which does not teach about God, which does not know what is God, that is cheating religion. That's all. dharmah projjhita-kaitavo 'tra. Cheating religion.
When one accepts some religion he must know, "What is God, what I am, what is my relationship with God, what are the laws of God, how I am to act." So many things you have to learn. Simply stamping myself with some rubber stamp that "I belong to this religion, I belong to that religion," that will not help. That is cheating.
Any religion you may profess--it doesn't matter--I want to see whether you have got the result of religion. The result of religion is you will love God.
dharmah svanusthitah pumsam (SB 1.2.8), not that anyone who is not following strictly the religious principles. Even if he is following strictly the religious principle... dharmah svanusthitah pumsam (SB 1.2.8). But the result should be that he should be a lover of God.
By following any system of religion, if we do not develop our dormant love for God, then following such religious principle means simply waste of time. That's all. Because it has no effect. Effect should be by following religious principle you must develop love of Godhead. That is our bhagavata-dharma.
In Srila Prabhupada's lecture on SB 1.1.2 from August 18th, Pradyumna beings by reading from the Purport. Srila Prabhupada then mentions the following (paraphrased) points, among others:
According to Vedic civilization, there should not be rivalry. tena tyaktena bhunjithah (Isopanisad 1). You be satisfied what is allotted to you. Don't try to encroach upon others' property. ma grdhah kasya svid dhanam (Isavasya Upanisad 1).
In 1942 there was a man-made famine, and in India so many people died of starvation. There was scarcity of foodstuff, but when public began to give them food, they ate so much that they fell sick and died. By starvation, nobody dies; by overeating, one dies. That is a statistic. The next death rate is for over-eating. In America is it not?
Krsna has provided everyone's food. There is no problem. It is mistake to accept it that "Because there is overpopulation in the world, there is problem."
There is no question of starvation. Then why rivalry? Rivalry means "I want to enjoy more sense gratification"
Everything is there, complete. purnam adah purnam idam purnat purnam udacyate (Isopanisad Invocation). God's creation is perfect. There cannot be any imperfectness. Even there is overpopulation, God will supply food.
Because we have no faith in God, we have forgotten God, we do not know what is God, therefore we have created the economic problem. Otherwise there is no problem.
The problems for lower animal is there when they are in the city, but if they live natural life, there is no problem.
kata catur-anana mari mari yavata. The so-called leaders are coming and going, but because there is no God consciousness, the problems are there.
There are two classes of men: atheists and theists. The theist, who believes in God, whenever he is distressed, whenever he is facing some problem, he turns towards God. It is described in Bhagavad-gita, catur-vidha bhajante mam sukrtinah arjuna (Bg 7.16). Similarly, the opposite number, that is called duskrtina.
If you follow the religious principles in whichever religion you accept, then you are pious. If you do not follow the religious principles, then you are impious, duskrtina.
duskrtina means miscreants or always engaged in sinful activities. If you are not religious, then you must act sinfully.
This is propaganda. "God cannot give us bread, but our political leader can give us bread." But they are innocent. They do not know that this rascal politician, wherefrom he has brought the bread? Has he manufactured in the factory wheat, rice, grains? Then unless God has given you grain, wheat, rice and other grains, how you can make bread?
They are instructing, If you want economic development, why you are going to church and temple? Just start industry. You'll get money. That is, propaganda is going on.
I alone started this movement. There is so much response because they are hankering after this. Caitanya Mahaprabhu hinted therefore: bharata-bhumite haila manusya-janma yara (Cc. Adi 9.41), "Those who have taken birth as human being as Indian, on the land of Bharatavarsa, they should learn their spiritual asset and distribute it throughout the world for real welfare activity."
Now it is in your hand, you European and American young boys and girls. You take it seriously. From India they are coming, but I am very sorry to inform, they are not delivering the real culture.
You are intelligent boys and girls. You have taken this Krsna consciousness movement. Try to understand more philosophically and distribute all over the world. That is my request. Otherwise the world is doomed.
This bhagavata-dharma or Krsna consciousness is meant for persons who are not envious. paramo nirmatsaranam. nirmatsara. matsarata means to become intolerant when his neighbor is prosperous.
The Vaikuntha consciousness is that if your neighbor or brother is prosperous or progressive, then one should think, "Oh, he's so nice that he has served God so nicely. God is so pleased upon him that he is making so nice progress." Material consciousness is that, "Oh, he has advanced so much. Oh, let me check him." Enviousness.
bhagavata-dharma is not for envious persons. paramo nirmatsaranam satam. They will not be able to understand what is spoken in the Srimad-Bhagavatam. srimad-bhagavate maha-muni-krte kim va parair isvarah sadyo hrdy avarudhyate.
Because we are envious by nature, therefore we have to cleanse our heart. We have to chant Hare Krsna mantra very rigidly, regularly. Then our enviousness, the dirty things will be over, and we shall be able to understand what is Srimad-Bhagavatam.
Srimad-Bhagavatam is the graduate study. Those who are interested in God, for them, this is graduate study. The entrance study is Bhagavad-gita.
In Bhagavad-gita, the ultimate instruction is sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekam saranam vraja (Bg 18.66). My dear Arjuna," guhyatamam. "You simply surrender unto Me, and I shall give you all protection."
Unless we have finished nicely the study of Bhagavad-gita or unless we have accepted this proposition of God that "You surrender," there is no entrance in the Srimad-Bhagavatam.
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu begins His teaching where Krsna ended.
God cannot allow you to jump over His head. You can, but that requires great advancement of love for God. Just like the cowherd boys, they are jumping over Krsna. That position... You can also have, but after krta-punya-punjah. ittham satam brahma-sukhanubhutya (SB 10.12.11).
"Give up everything. Simply surrender unto Me alone." mam ekam. He doesn't say even to Narayana or Visnu. He says particularly, mam ekam, "Only unto Me alone."
Where Krsna ended? sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekam saranam vraja (Bg 18.66). And Caitanya Mahaprabhu begins from there. jivera svarupa haya nitya-krsna-dasa (Cc Madhya 20.108-109). When Sanatana Gosvami inquired from him, "What I am?", He replied that "You are eternal servant of Krsna." This is the beginning of bhagavata-dharma.
vedyam vastavam atra vastu sivadam tapa-trayonmulanam. Vastu means summum bonum, original, and the vastava. Just like Krsna and His different energies. The different energies are called vastava, "in relationship with vastu," and Krsna is vastu.
You can understand Krsna in all His features. And if you understand, then sivadam, it is auspicious.
As soon as you understand Srimad-Bhagavatam, then we become free from tapa-traya, the threefold miseries of material life - adhibhautika, adhidaivika, or adhyatmika.
Revati-nandana asks, are there lines of disciplic succession on planets all over the universe or only on these middle planets, like Earth? Prabhupada answers, all over the universe. Narada is moving all over the universe and creating disciples.
aradhyo bhagavan vrajesa-tanayas tad-dhama vrndavanam (Sri Caitanya-mata-manjusa-mangalacarana). As Krsna is worshipable, similarly, Vrndavana is also.
Vrndavana cannot be polluted. Just like within the heart of a hog there is Krsna. It does not mean Krsna's staying in polluted place. The sunshine may be in the filthy place, but sun is not polluted. The filthy place is purified.
Due to the age of Kali, human society is degrading. So only we can save by Krsna consciousness movement. If not all, some of them can be saved.
It will change in the Satya-yuga. Just like our body is changed, season is changed, similarly, this will also change.
To please the spiritual master, just follow his order. Spiritual master is along with you by his words. Just like my spiritual master is not physically present, but I am associating with him by his words.
nama-rupe kali-kale krsna-avatara (Cc. Adi 17.22). Krsna is incarnated in His name in this age. You associate with Krsna's name, immediately associate with Krsna.
When this series resumes, we will cover the last lecture on SB 1.1.2, from Caracas on February 23, 1975, then explore an ordering of the essential points in Srila Prabhupada's lectures as they relate to each statement in the sloka translation.
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