Srila Prabhupada on Srimad Bhagavatam, Part 15
BY: SUN STAFF
Feb 22, 2011 CANADA (SUN) A serial exploration of Srila Prabhupada's preaching on Srimad Bhagavatam.
In the last two segments we have offered a summary of many of the points made by Srila Prabhupada over the course of five lectures he gave on Srimad Bhagavatam 1.1.1. Today we will make some comparative observations on the content of these lectures, which include:
London, August 6th & 7th, 1971
New York, July 6, 1972
Caracas, February 20th & 21st, 1975
Because this first sloka of the Bhagavatam introduces the reader to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, naturally the most fundamental aspects of the Absolute Person are dealt with in the verse and purport.
The Vedanta-sutras (or Brahma-sutras) were compiled by Srila Vyasadeva, and Lord Brahma, the original living being, explained the subject of Sri Krsna in his Brahma-samhita. Therefore in his lectures, Srila Prabhupada makes numerous references to the Brahma-samhita:
He confirms that Lord Caitanya found the handwritten Brahma-samhita and verified its authenticity as Absolute Truth; that it contains the name of Krsna -- isvarah paramah krsnah; that it completely describes Krsna as the cause of all causes, janmady asya yatah; and that it confirms Krsna lives in Goloka Vrndavana.
Brahma-samhita says andantara-stham – Sri Krsna is not only within the universe, but is in everyone's heart and within the atom. The Lord also has His personal expansions -- ramadi-murtisu kala-niyamena tisthan -- as Rama, Nrsimha, Varaha, Vamana and so on.
Many of the points made in SB 1.1.1 are also dealt with in the Brahma-samhita. And essentially every element contained within the sloka – every word and every phrase -- has been addressed by Srila Prabhupada in the above five lectures.
Following is the translation to SB 1.1.1 and beneath that, a breakdown of the statements contained therein. Under each statement, we have included references to the related points Srila Prabhupada made in his lectures on the sloka, as paraphrased in the previous segments.
Of course, each one of Srila Prabhupada's statements contains so much information, they could rightly be applied to more than one statement from the sloka. We have simply divided them into obvious categories in order to point out the comprehensiveness of Srila Prabhupada's instructions on this single verse.
SB 1.1.1 Translation
"O my Lord, Sri Krsna, son of Vasudeva, O all-pervading Personality of Godhead, I offer my respectful obeisances unto You. I meditate upon Lord Sri Krsna because He is the Absolute Truth and the primeval cause of all causes of the creation, sustenance and destruction of the manifested universes. He is directly and indirectly conscious of all manifestations, and He is independent because there is no other cause beyond Him. It is He only who first imparted the Vedic knowledge unto the heart of Brahmaji, the original living being. By Him even the great sages and demigods are placed into illusion, as one is bewildered by the illusory representations of water seen in fire, or land seen on water. Only because of Him do the material universes, temporarily manifested by the reactions of the three modes of nature, appear factual, although they are unreal. I therefore meditate upon Him, Lord Sri Krsna, who is eternally existent in the transcendental abode, which is forever free from the illusory representations of the material world. I meditate upon Him, for He is the Absolute Truth."
O my Lord, Sri Krsna, son of Vasudeva, O all-pervading Personality of Godhead, I offer my respectful obeisances unto You.
Before beginning the Srimad-Bhagavatam, the author is offering respectful obeisances to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the origin of all emanation.
Vasudeva is the origin of everything, vasudevah sarvam iti sa mahatma sudurlabhah (BG 7.19)
The origin, source of everything is explained here -- namo bhagavate vasudevaya, om namo bhagavate vasudevaya.
Krsna's identification is that He is son of Vasudeva or son of Nanda Maharaja, friend of Sridama, Sudama, lover of Radharani.
The chief name is Krsna. In the Atharva Veda it is said, Krsna is the son of Devaki, Vasudeva.
In Brahma-samhita the name of Krsna is there. Isvarah paramah krsnah, beginning. Brahma says, isvarah paramah krsnah sac-cid-ananda-vigrahah. So how can rascals conclude Krsna was living some hundred or five hundred years ago. Rascals write books, commentaries unauthorizedly and mislead public.
We have got immense literature to understand God. Of Jiva Gosvami's six sandarbhas, Krsna-sandarbha tells what is Krsna.
God has no particular name, but His names are there on account of His different type of activities. God is present everywhere, therefore His name is Vasudeva.
You cannot give any name to God without bearing any meaning. All-attractive means Krsna is not only attractive to the devotees but to the nondevotees.
Atheists enquire, "If God is the original father, the supreme father of everyone, then who is God's father?" The answer is that God has no father; He is self-sufficient. Therefore svarat, self-sufficient.
If we find somebody that he has no father, then He is God. And if some rascal comes and says, "I am God," then you ask him, "Whether you have got father?" As soon as he says that "Yes, I have got father," then he is dog.
Krsna says in Bhagavad-gita, mattah parataram nanyat kincid asti dhananjaya - "Beyond Me there is no more superior power."
He's within the atom also, and scientists are perplexed to analyze one atom.
The child is an expansion of the father, but father keeps himself as father. So in this way He is Vasudeva, means He is present everywhere.
Satyam param dhimahi. Namo bhagavate vasudevaya. So Vyasadeva is offering his obeisances to the son of Devaki, all-attractive Krsna.
One who has accepted Krsna as the supreme source, Absolute Truth, for them, this Srimad-Bhagavatam is there. Here it is beginning, om namo bhagavate vasudevaya, means "I offer my respectful obeisances to You, Krsna, because I surrender unto You."
I meditate upon Lord Sri Krsna because He is the Absolute Truth and the primeval cause of all causes of the creation, sustenance and destruction of the manifested universes.
Vyasadeva is offering his obeisances to satyam param, the Absolute Supreme Truth. Everyone has to offer obeisances to somebody, but we are offering obeisances to the relative truth, not to a temporary manifestation of tejo-vari-mrdam vinimayah.
Advaitam acyutam... govindam adi-purusam. Isvarah paramah krsnah sac-cid-ananda-vigrahah, anadir adih. Anadi means He has no source of emanation. But He is adi. He is the original source of everything.
Supreme cause means who has no more cause--sarva-karana-karanam.
Brahma-samhita there is complete description of Krsna - cause of all causes. Janmady asya yatah.
Vasudeva is the origin of everything, is available in human life. Bahunam janmanam ante (BG. 7.19)
Jiva means all living beings, but above all living beings, the human being is the most awakened consciousness. Therefore his business is to enquire about the Absolute Truth.
Nature has given us the opportunity now to enquire about the Absolute Truth. What is the Absolute Truth, or the origin of everything?
Unless this enquiry is there, he is not human being. A human makes research to find out the original cause.
Bhasyam brahma-sutranam vedartha paribhrmhitah. This is bhasya, commentary. Therefore Vyasadeva begins from the first aphorism of Vedanta-sutra. Those who are conditioned souls, their only business is to enquire about self-realization
First we must understand what is Krsna, then we enter into other information about Krsna. First know what is God, then develop a relationship.
Generally religion means the process of understanding God. Religion without God is cheating religion.
The scientists, they are trying to find out the original cause of creation, but they are creating their own imagination. "There was a chunk, and it burst out, and then planets came out." Like that. And wherefrom this chunk came, you nonsense?
There must be the Absolute Truth. Janmady asya yatah, as it has begun, "the source of all emanations." What is that source of emanation? Krsna. One has to accept the cause and effect.
Just like gold. Gold, you accept blindly or by chemical examination, the gold is the same. My Guru Maharaja says it is gold, so many acaryas says it is gold," then you accept it, gold.
We are researching. The scientist is researching, the philosopher is researching, everyone is researching, but researching in their own way. Therefore it takes time to understand what is the original source of everything.
Persons who are researching what is the origin of everything, and doing it in their own way, will take many, many births to understand that Krsna is the origin of everything.
Those who are more purified don't research, but immediately accepts that Krsna is the origin of everything, as He is explaining Himself in the Bhagavad-gita.
When your hunger is satisfied, appetite is appeased, you naturally you feel, "Yes, I am satisfied." You don't have to enquire from anyone. Therefore it is called self-realization. Automatically you realize.
God directly says, that "I am the origin of everything." Aham sarvasya prabhavo mattah sarvam pravartate. (BG. 10.8) "When one understands this," budha, "a learned person," bhajante mam drdha-vratah, "he engages himself fully in Krsna consciousness."
He is directly and indirectly conscious of all manifestations, and He is independent because there is no other cause beyond Him.
Brahma-samhita says andantara-stham, He is not only within the universe, but He is in everyone's heart, and also He is within the atom.
God is not limited to become gigantic universal form, but He is also able to enter within the atom. Therefore, God is described as anor aniyan mahato mahiyan: "He is greater than the greatest and the smaller than the smallest."
God has expanded Himself in two different types: as svamsa, or personal expansion, and as vibhinnamsa, separated expansion.
Ramadi-murtisu kala-niyamena tisthan (BS 5.39). He expands as Rama, Nrsimha, Varaha, Vamana and so many, thousands. That is His personal expansion.
Vibhinnamsa means a smallest particle. Just like the sunshine. The sunshine is combination of bright molecules. So very small parts, bright, combined together, that is called sunshine. So we living entities, we are also small bright particles as part and parcel of God.
Mayavadi, impersonalists think "If God is expanded everywhere, then where is God personally?" That is explained, maya tatam idam sarvam (BG 9.4)
Sarvasya caham hrdi sannivistah (BG 15.15) -- Hrdi means in the heart. "I am situated in everyone's heart."
Mattah smrtir jnanam apohanam ca. Because God is situated within my heart, therefore He is giving me direction. Remembrance and forgetfulness is due to God. Sometimes we forget something and try to remember. Immediately God helps us: "It is this." And we say, "Yes, yes, now I remember."
Krsna says that sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekam saranam vraja (BG 18.66): "You give up all these rascal engagement; you simply just surrender unto Me." When we are surrendered, that is om namo bhagavate vasudevaya. That means "Krsna, Vasudeva, I accept Your proposal. I offer my respectful obeisances unto You." Then begin your loving service to render to Krsna, and gradually you will get instruction from within,
Krsna has got so many incarnations that you cannot even count, therefore Krsna's another name is Ananta. Ananta means "who has no end."
Vedas says Krsna is purnam, complete. What kind of purnam? If you want to take something from the complete, gradually it will reduce, and ultimately it becomes zero. So Krsna is not like that.
Krsna has direct expansion and expansion of the expansion, like Balarama, then catur-vyuha, quadruple expansions.
Srnvatam sva-kathah krsna (SB 1.2.17), Krsna is within your heart. Krsna is trying to help you from within and from without.
Krsna comes as He is, and He canvasses, sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekam saranam vraja. So bhagavata-sevaya, nityam bhagavata-sevaya, cleansing the heart. Ceto-darpana-marjanam. This is the process.
It is He only who first imparted the Vedic knowledge unto the heart of Brahmaji, the original living being.
Although Brahma created this universe, he is not the original source. The original person is Vasudeva, or Krsna, who instructed Brahma from within the heart."
Lord Brahma is called pitamaha, "grandfather," because he is the original father. Innumerable Brahmas are created by Garbhodakasayi Visnu. Therefore visnu-tattva is the Absolute Truth.
Krsna is mentioned in the Vedas, including Brahma-samhita. Nobody knows how many millions of years ago this book was composed, but we understand it was composed by Brahma, on the authority of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, who found the handwritten Brahma-samhita. Mahaprabhu gives reference of Srimad-Bhagavatam with Brahma-samhita, which means Srimad-Bhagavatam also is eternal.
You have to take knowledge by this disciplic succession. You have to know God from a person who knows God personally.
Krsna is in everyone's heart. If you want to consult Him, He can give you instruction. The only thing is that you have to become qualified like Brahma so that you can received instruction from Him within the heart. What is that qualification? tesam satata-yuktanam bhajatam priti-purvakam (BG 10.10) – the practice of bhakti-yoga.
Abhijnah means cognizant. The original and source of everything, He has His brain. He knows. He has the power of knowledge. Abhijnah... perfect knowledge is received from the superior person.
Srimad-Bhagavatam is presented by Vyasadeva, the most exalted personality, the guru, Vyasa guru or Vedavyasa, for the all advanced spiritually conscious men.
Thinking that in future so many fools and rascals will misuse the Vedanta-sutra as so-called Vedantists, and send all people to hell, Vyasadeva personally wrote this commentary on Vedanta-sutra, the Srimad-Bhagavatam.
One who dissipates ignorance, he is called guru. Guru means he gives light to those living in darkness. That is the motto in Back to Godhead: "Godhead is light, and nescience is darkness. Where there is God, there is no nescience."
By Him even the great sages and demigods are placed into illusion, as one is bewildered by the illusory representations of water seen in fire, or land seen on water.
Krsna says, "I am expanded in My impersonal form everywhere. Everything is existing on account of Me. But still, I am not everything."
Everything is God, but everything is not God. Don't be misled by the Mayavadi philosophy that "Everything is God and my knowledge is finished."
The scientists are enquiring, but they think that the origin of life is chemical combination. So that is not the fact. Without being guided by authority, nobody can find out the perfect answer of an enquiry.
Ask a great scientist, "Can you say what is God?" The reply will be, "No. We don't believe in God." They have no knowledge of God, although they are trying to study the laws of God. Krsna consciousness movement is against all this rascaldom, We say, "Here is God. Take His name. Take His address also.
When we install the Deity, actually the eternal form of Krsna, nobody offers obeisances. Instead they'll go to offer obeisances to the dead. This is called illusion.
Used to say, kath pathare mistri. If you are simply engaged how to have a skyscraper building, then we become craftsmen only, how to handle woods and stones, that's all.
In America especially, despite all material opulences, there you are becoming confused and frustrated and disappointed. Because woods and stone will not satisfy you. You must have spiritual food, that is Srimad-Bhagavatam.
Because I am in maya, I am thinking that the temple is maya. Mam eva ye prapadyante mayam etam taranti te (BG 7.14): "One, anyone, who surrenders to Me, he overcomes the influence of maya." Therefore... Every member in this temple, they are surrendered. Therefore they are not in maya.
Kamsa was also attracted by Krsna. The best example of a nondevotee interested in Krsna is Kamsa. Kamsa is like the man who killed President Kennedy -- he made a plan, thinking of Kennedy always. That is attraction.
Only because of Him do the material universes, temporarily manifested by the reactions of the three modes of nature, appear factual, although they are unreal.
Bhagavata is trying to inform you about Krsna, beginning janmady asya... Om namo bhagavate vasudevaya. From whom everything is there -- birth, sustenance, and death--everything material can be understand by these three symptoms. Also by the sad-vikara, or six kinds of transformations. Krsna, however, is sac-cid-ananda-vigraha.
Kamasya nendriya-pritir (SB 1.2.10), we have desires for gratifying our senses, based on four principles of bodily demands: eating, sleeping, mating, defending. Krsna says, "No, this is not your business. Because you are human, not animal life. Therefore your business is tattva-jijnasa, not to increase the problem of the four necessities of life.
Tasyaiva hetoh prayateta kovido (SB 1.5.18) - "So far these necessities of life are concerned, they are ready, supplied."
We are imprisoned here within this universe. We are thinking that we are very free to move in the sky, but you cannot violate the laws of nature, then you will create another difficulty.
Scientists theorized that life is made of chemicals, matter. This was discussed five thousand years ago by Vyasadeva, who says that the origin of everything is life because Vasudeva is also life.
I therefore meditate upon Him, Lord Sri Krsna, who is eternally existent in the transcendental abode, which is forever free from the illusory representations of the material world.
Brahma-samhita states goloka eva nivasaty akhilatma-bhutah. Krsna lives at His home, Goloka Vrndavana.
Krsna says that aham tvam sarva-papebhyo moksayisyami ma sucah, "Don't worry. I shall give you all protection, you surrender unto Me." If you take this immediately, then you become liberated.
ISKCON centers are open for this purpose, so everyone can hear about Krsna.
Nasta-prayesv abhadresu nityam bhagavata-sevaya. Abhadra, we have so many dirty things within our heart, which can be cleansed simply by Krsna consciousness. There is no other method.
This body, everyone knows it is a product of material creation. My father and mother created this body. Krsna says in Gita, janma karma ajo 'pi san avyayatma: "I am born," avyayatma, "eternal body; still, I take birth."
If you say, "I can't believe it, Krsna, Krsna is the origin of everything," that is of course your business, your independence. Then you wait for many, many births, bahunam janmanam ante. You come to the same conclusion.
Animal life means full of darkness, and human life, although full of darkness, it can be dissipated. We are pushing this Krsna consciousness movement to drive away the darkness of ignorance.
Yoga system means to control the mind. Train up your mind with intelligence. That is the best intelligence, when one engages the mind in Krsna consciousness. If you purify your mind, then you come to the spiritual platform. That is intelligence, via media between the spirit and the mind.
Only one path. God is one, and to realize Him, the path is one. There cannot be two paths. Bhaktya mam abhijanati yavan yas casmi tattvatah (BG 18.55). He never says, "By jnana, karma, yoga one can achieve God." That is not possible. Only by bhakti.
It is not a question of Bible or Bhagavad-gita. We want that you become God conscious. That is our movement. In Srimad-Bhagavatam there is no mention of Christian religion, Hindu religion, Muslim religion or Buddha religion. No, first-class religion helps one to love God.
Unless one is devotee he cannot always think of Krsna. That is not possible. On the other hand, who thinks of Krsna twenty-four hours, he is devotee. The chanting of Hare Krsna means thinking of Krsna.
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