The Astras, Part 3 - Pashupati-astra
BY: SUN STAFF
Kiratarjuniya, Hunting Scene
Virabhadra Temple, Lepakshi
Jan 15, 2017 CANADA (SUN) A survey of transcendental weaponry.
Arjuna’s pastimes with the famed Pashupati-astra of Lord Shiva are described at several places in the Mahabharata. In the Drona Parva there is a description of Arjuna’s vow to kill Jayadratha, and Drona’s vow to save him. Lord Krsna suggested that Arjuna fortify himself by seeking a boon from Shiva, thus Arjuna performed tapas to obtain the use of Pashupati-astra.
While Krsna was giving Arjuna this advice to approach Shiva, both he and Arjuna began to contemplate the glories of Shiva, and praise him. But even before this scene, in the Vana Parva, Arjuna had a pastime of fighting with Shiva, which also resulted in his getting the use of Pashupati-astra.
There is another pastime which took place while the Pandavas were living in Arshtisena asrama, at Gandhamadana. Lord Indra asked for guru-dakshina from Arjuna, in exchange for teaching him how to use the great astras. Indra instructed Arjuna to kill the Nivatakavachas, who were the enemies of Indra. Complying with the request, Arjuna employed the Pashupati-astra to kill the enemies as guru-dakshina for his great teacher.
There is yet another pastime often referred to in regard to Pashupati-astra. On this occasion, Arjuna went to Indrakila Hill to engage in penance. He meditated upon Lord Vishnu, manifest in the form of Shiva. At this time, the demon Mukasura came along in the form of a pig, with plans to kill Arjuna.
While Arjuna was throwing arrows at the demon, Shiva arrived with Parvati, and he also began hurling arrows at the pig. Shiva said that that he had come for hunting and the pig belonged to him, and that Arjuna was not a hunter. A fight subsequently broke out between Shiva and Arjuna, during which Arjuna collapsed.
Arjuna then prepared a Shivalinga and worshipped it with flowers. To his surprise, the flowers manifested on the head of Shiva the hunter, and Arjuna realized who this great hunter was. He then prostrated himself at Shiva’s feet and in return, Shiva gave Arjuna the Pashupati-astra.
This Pashupati-astra is also described as having been given by Lord Visnu, originally being the Brahmastra which Visnu gave to Shiva. This is associated with the Gayatri hymn. Lord Narayana, present in the Surya-mandala, is the presiding Deity for the Gayatri. When Arjuna received the Gayatra, Narayana appeared before him and Lord Shiva also blessed him, requesting that he go to Indraloka to get astras from the other deities.
Shiva Observing Arjuna’s Penance
Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu
OM namo bhagwate maha paashupataya atula-bala-veerya-paraakramaaya tripancha-nayanaaya naanaa-roopaaya naanaa-praharno-dyaataaya sarvaanga raktaaya bhinnaanjana chaya-prakhyaaya shama-shaan-vetaalpriyaaya sarvaa-vighnanikrantana-rataaya sarva-siddhi-pradaaya bhaktaanu-kampine-asankhya-vaktra-bhuja-paadaaya tasmin siddhaaya vetaal-vitraasine shaakini-chhobha-jankaaya vyaadhi-nigraha-kaarinepaap-bhanjanaaya surya-somaagni-netraaya vishnu kavachaayakhadaga-vajrahastaaya yam-danda-varun-paashaayarudrashoolaaya jvala-jihvaaya sarvarog-vidraavanaaya graha-nigraha-kaarine dust-nagachhaya kaarnineom krishna-pingalaaya phat , hoonkaaraastrayaya phat, vajrahastaaya phat , shaktaye phat, dandaaya phat, yamaaya phat,khadagaaya phat, nairitaaya phat, varunaaya phat, vajraayaphat, paashaaya phat, dhvajaaya phat, ankushaaya phat,gadaaye phat, kuberaaye phat, trishulaaye phat, mudgaraayaphat, chakraaya phat, padmaaya phat, naagaastraya phat,eshaanaaya phat, khetkastraaya phat, mundaaya phat,mundaastraaya phat, kanakaalaastraaya phat, pichhikaastraayaphat, churikaastraaya phat, brahmaastraaya phat,shaktyastraaya phat, ganaastraaya phat, siddhaastraaya phat,pili-pichhaastraaya phat, gandharvaastraya phat, purvaastrayephat, dakshinaastraya phat, vaamaastraya phat, pashimaastrayaphat, mantraastraaya phat, shakinyaastraaya phat,yoginyastraaya phat, dandaastraya phat, mahaa-dandaastraayaphat, namoastraaya phat, shivaastraaya phat, eeshaanaastraya phat, purushaastraaya phat, aghoraastraaya phat,sadyojaataastraaya phat, hridyaastraaya phat, mahaastraayaphat, garudaastraaya phat, raakshasaastraaya phat,danavaastraaya phat, chhau narsingaastraaya phat,tvastastraaya phat, sarvaastraaya phat, nah phat, vah phat, pahphat, fah phat, mah phat, shreeh phat, peh phat, bhooh phat,bhuvah phat, svah phat, mah phat, janah phat, tapah phat,satyam phat, sarvalok phat, sarvapaataal phat, sarvatatva phat,sarvapraana phat, sarvanaadi phat, sarvakaaran phat, sarvadevaphat, hreem phat, shreem phat, doom phat, sroom phat, svaamphat, laam phat, vairaagyaaya phat, mayaastraaya phat,kaamaastraaya phat, chhetra-paalaastraaya phat,hoonkaaraastraya phat, bhaaskaraastraaya phat,chandraastraaya phat, vighneshwaraastraaya phat, gaum gaamphat, strom straum phat, haum hom phat, bhraamayabhraamaya phat, santaapaya santaapaya phat, chhaadayachhaadaya phat, unmoolaya unmoolaya phat, traasaya traasayaphat, sanjeevaya sanjeevaya phat, vidraavaya vidraavaya phat,sarvaduritam naashaya naashaya phat
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