Sri Caitanya-candrodaya, Part 2

BY: SUN STAFF

Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu


Jan 28, CANADA (SUN) —


Sri Caitanya-candrodaya

Act One

By Srila Kavi-karnapura

Text 18

pariparsvikah: bhava, kim teneha tene harina svabhimata-mata-vyanjako granthah.

Pariparsvika: Master, in this incarnation did Lord Hari write any books to teach this?

Text 19

sutradharah: yadyapi ko na veda veda-kartritvam bhagavatas tathapi khalv antaryami yam ihate preranam. na khalu sa bahyopadesato desato va kalatas ca paricchinna bhavitum arhati.

Sutradhara: Although the Lord did not personally write any scriptures, as the all-pervading Supersoul He inspired others to write. He is not limited by time, place, or the need to directly teach anyone.

Text 20

pariparsvikah: bhava, tarhi katham tatraivodara-mate ramate na sarvam.

Pariparsvika: Master, why does not everyone appreciate His wise teaching?

Text 21

sutradharah: vividha-vasana-sanatho hi loko lokottare vartmani katham sarva eva pravartatam. vasana-baddha sraddha srayati hi bhedakatam mater iti.

Sutradhara: How can they who make a host material desires their masters follow the spiritual path? Bound by material desires they take shelter of many different philosophies.

Text 22

pariparsvikah: bhava, bhakti-yogo yo 'gocarah sastra-kritam, sa ca sa-camatkaram jnanam eva janayati, tasya brahma-kaivalyam balyam phalam iti ko bhedah.

Pariparsvika: Master, devotional service, which even the authors of scripture cannot understand, creates wonderful transcendental knowledge and therefore must bear impersonal liberation as its fruit. What is the difference between devotional service and impersonalism?

Text 23

sutradharah: marisa,

evam-vratah sva-priya-nama-kirtya
jatanurago druta-citta uccaih
hasaty atho roditi rauti gayaty
unmadavan nrityati loka-bahyah

Sutradhara: Gentle one, Srimad-Bhagavatam (11.2.40) explains:

"When a person is actually advanced and takes pleasure in chanting the holy name of the Lord, who is very dear to him, he is agitated and loudly chants the holy name. He also laughs, cries, becomes agitated and chants just like a madman, not caring for outsiders."*

Text 24

ity-adina bhagavan-nama-sankirtanadi-rupasya bhakti-yogasya yo 'gasya rati-janaka-bhavah, sa khalu parshada-bhavam bhavam avatishthate.

Devotional service, which begins with chanting the Lord's holy name, and which makes one free from sin, makes one fall in love with the Supreme Lord. It makes one the Lord's personal associate.

Text 25

tatha ca tair darsaniyavayavaih ity arabhya

pasyanti te me rucirany amba santah
prasanna-vaktraruna-locanani
rupani divyani vara-pradani
sakam vacam sprihaniyam vadanti

iti tad-rupataiva tesham moksho na tu kaivalyam ata eva ta evam ucire kapila-padah. bhaktih siddher gariyasiti. atah khalu kalau nama nama-sankirtanam eva purushartha-sadhakatatiraskari-puraskari-raty-akhya-bhavasya.

The Lord says (Srimad-Bhagavatam 3.25.35-36):

"My devotees always see the smiling face of My form, with eyes like the rising sun. They like to see My various transcendental forms, which are all benevolent, and they also talk favorably with Me. Upon seeing My charming forms, smiling and attractive, and hearing My very pleasing words, the pure devotee almost loses other consciousness. His senses are freed from all other engagements, and he becomes absorbed in devotional service. Thus in spite of his unwillingness, he gets liberation without separate endeavor."*

This is the liberation the devotees attain. They do not attain impersonal liberatiion. Lord Kapila says (Srimad-Bhagavatam 3.25.32): "When the service spirit is engaged in devotional service to the Personality of Godhead, without any motive, that is far better even than impersonal salvation."* In Kali-yuga by chanting the Lord's holy name one attains the ecstatic love known as "rati", which eclipses all other goals of life.

Text 26

pariparsvikah: bhava, bhavatmakam vacanam idam ativa vismapakam, yato bhagavan-nama muktim eva janayatiti sastram tat anyatha ced ucyate. vastutas tu, narayaneti mriyamana iyaya muktim iti sruyate.

Pariparsvika: Master. your words are surprising. The holy name of the Lord certainly does grant liberation. The scriptures say (Srimad-Bhagavatam 6.3.10) that by calling out "O Narayana" as one dies, one attains liberation.

Text 27

sutradharah: (vihasya) mukti-sabdo 'tra parshada-svarupa-parah, yatas tatraiva sadyah svarupam jagrihe bhagavat-parsva-vartinam iti. idam eva sri-krishna-caitanya-matam anya-matam apastam karoti, anutishthanti caitat sukritinah kritinah. atas tad-avatarena kalir apy ayam kritarthah.

Sutradhara: (laughing) Here the word "liberation" means "becoming an associate of the Lord". Scripture says (Srimad-Bhagavatam 6.2.43): "Ajamila regained his original spiritual body, which was a body appropriate for an associate of the Lord."

This, the philosophy of Sri Krishna Caitanya, defeats all other philosophies. The pious and wise agree with Him. His incarnation has made the Kali-yuga auspicious.

Text 28

pariparsvikah: katham etat.

kalau na rajan jagatam param gurum
triloka-nathanata-pada-pankajam
prayena martya bhagavantam acyutam
yakshyanti pashanda-vibhinna-cetasah

iti ninda-sravanat.

Pariparsvika: How can that be? Scripture (Srimad-Bhagavatam 12.3.43) says:

"O king, in Kali-yuga most of the people, their hearts broken with offenses, will not worship the infallible Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is the master of all the worlds, and before whose lotus feet the demigods that control the three worlds bow."

In this way the Sruti-sastra refutes your opinion.

Text 29

sutradharah: tat tu sri-krishnavataratah purva-purva-kali-param. anyatah.

Sutradhara: That describes previous Kali-yugas, before Sri Krishna Caitanya descended to this world.

Text 30

kalau janishyamananam
duhkha-soka-tamo-nudam
anugrahaya bhaktanam
supunyam vyatanod yasah

Scripture also says (Srimad-Bhagavatam 9.24.61):

"In this age of Kali, the Lord, out of special mercy to His devotees, will dispel the unhappiness of those born in this fallen age by propagating the hearing and chanting of His own glories."*

Text 31

kalau khalu bhavishyanti
narayana-parayanah
kritadishu praja rajan
kalav icchanti sambhavam

Scripture again says (Srimad-Bhagavatam 11.5.38):

"O king, in Kali-yuga many people will become devotees of Lord Narayana. The people in Satya-yuga and other yugas yearn for a birth in Kali-yuga."

Text 32

ity-adini bhavi-caitanyanyavatara-parani vacanani virudhyeran.

These and other statements describing the appearance of Lord Caitanya refute your words.

Text 33

pariparsvikah: katham etan na badhate kalih.

Pariparsvika: Why does Kali-yuga not overcome the devotees?

Text 34

sutradharah:

krishna-pakshe 'nu-divasam
kshayam apnoti yah sada
doshakaro badhatam kim
sa vai vishnu-padasritan

Sutradhara: The waning moon may decrease day by day, but how is it possible for wicked Kali-yuga to overcome they who have taken shelter of Lord Vishnu's feet?

Text 35

(nepathye) kas tvam bho doshakaratvena mam jugushayan sudhakaram upasthapayasi.

A Voice From Behind the Scenes: Who are you to insult me with the word "wicked" and compare me to the moon?

Text 36

sutradharah: (nipunam nibhalya) marisa, yatha-prastavam ayam amarsotkarshotka-hridayo 'dayodayo hy adharmena priya-sakhena samam ita evabhivartate, tad ito 'pasaravah. (iti nishkrantau. iti prastavana.)

Sutradhara: (carefully looking) Gentle one, as we speak of him, proud-hearted, merciless Kali is coming with his dear friend Irreligion. Let's leave. (They exit.) (End of Introduction)

Text 37

(tatah pravisaty adharmenopasyamanah kalih)
kalih: sakhe adharma, satyam evaha caranacaryah.
adharmah: kim tat.

(Attended by Irreligion, Kali enters.)
Kali: Friend Irreligion, the playright spoke the truth.
Irreligion: What was that?

Text38

kalih: ("krishna-pakshe" ity-adina punah pathati)
adharmah: sakhe yuga-raja, doshakarah iti bhavantam evakshipta-van ayam adhamah. ah papa kusila-kusilava, srinu re.

Kali: He said: "The waning moon may decrease day by day, but how is it possible for wicked Kali-yuga to overcome they who have taken shelter of Lord Vishnu's feet?"

Text 39

adharmah: sakhe yuga-raja doshakara iti bhavantam evakshiptavan ayam adhamah. ah papa-kusila-kusilava srinu re

saucacara-tapah-kshama-sama-damaih sardham vivekadibhih
samantair api yena dharma-nripatir nirmulam unmulitah
ye drishtyaiva punanti te 'pi sahasaivandhi-kritas tat-priya
yenaikena maya sa yasya vasa-gah so 'yam kalir nindyate

Irreligion: Friend, king of Kali-yuga, this wretch insulted you by calling you "wicked". O sinful, wretched playright, listen: You have insulted Kali, who uprooted the monarch religion and his soldiers purity, good conduct, austerity, tolerance, equanimity, self-control, discrimination, and other virtues, who blinded religion's friends that purify others with a glance, and who has me as his obedient servant.

Text 40

tishtha re papa, tishtha tishtha.

yato dharmas tatah krishno
yatah krishnas tato jayah
dharmabhave kutah krishnah
pakshe yasya kaleh kshayah

Stand! Sinner, stand! Stand! You may say where religion is, there is Krishna, and where Krishna is, there is victory. But when there is no religion, where is Krishna, who alone can destroy Kali?

Text 41

kalih: sakhe, nayam akshipyatam. avadharaya, yatah

Kali: Friend, don't criticize the playright. Consider this:

Text 42

gatah sa kalo mama sampratam sakhe
hata-prabhavo 'smi kumarakadatah
mahaushadher ankura-nirgamad iva
kshata-prabhas takshaka-naga-pungavah

Friend, my time is now passed. A boy has taken my powers away just as a poison-herb destroyed the great serpent Takshaka.

Text 43

adharmah: yuga-raja, ko 'sau kumarakah, kim kutsito marakah, kim kah prithivya marakah. kalih: nobhayam no bhayam kartum ishte. kintu.

Irreligion: King of the yuga, who is this boy? Is he a wretched muerder? Has he killed the entire earth?
Kali: Neither. He is not to be feared.

Note: Irreligion interpreted the word "kumaraka" (boy) in the previous text to mean either "wretched murderer" (kutsita+maraka=kumaraka) or "killer of the earth" (ku=earth and maraka=killer).

Text 44

navadvipe jagannatha-
namno misra-purandarat
jatah sacyam kumaro 'yam
mama karmani krintati

Kali: Born in Navadvipa as the son of Saci-devi and Jagannatha Misra Purandara, this boy has cut my work into pieces.

Text 45

adharmah: (vihasya) hamho yuga-raja,

yasyoccair bhuja-danda-candima-maha-martanda-tejo-bhayan
muko ghuka ivadri-kandara-gatah padaika-sesho vrishah
sa tvam mad-vidha-bhritya-sevita-pado bhudeva-balad ato
bhitim vindasi hanta ko 'yam atulas cittasya te vibhramah

Irreligion: (laughing) O king of the yuga, out of fear of the splendor of the ferocious sun of your powerful arms, the bull of religion, who has only one leg left, is now silent as an owl hiding in a mountain cave. Your feet are served by many servants like myself. How has your mind become so bewildered that you fear a brahmana boy?

Text 46

kalih: sakhe, nayam kevalo bhudeva-balah, api tu bala-deva-devah. tatha hi.

Kali: Friend, he is not just a brahmana boy. He is a boy that is the master of all the demigods.

Text 47

hari hari hari-bhakti-siksha-
sarasa-mana jagad eva nishpunanah
harir iha kanakabja-kanta-kantir
dvija-bhavane 'vatatara bala-lilah

Purifying the world and placing in its heart the nectar teachings of devotion to Lord Hari, playing as a boy, and splendid as a golden lotus, Lord Hari has incarnated in a brahmana's home.

Text 48

tatha ca

jayamanah purnimayam
uparaga-cchalena yah
grahayam asa yugapad
dharer nama jagaj-janan

By taking birth during an elipse of the full moon He tricked the people of the world to chant Lord Hari's name at His birth.

Note: To counteract the inauspiciousness of the lunar eclipse the people of India chanted Lord Hari's holy name.

Text 49

adharmah: ayam api te bhramah. yad idam kaka-taliya-nyayenopapannam anyatha kalpayasi. srinu bhoh srinu.

Irreligion: You are bewildered. It is like the kaka-taliya-nyaya. It is only a coincidence, although you think it is not. Listen. Oh, listen:

Note: The kaka-taliya-nyaya is the example of a crow landing on the branch of a tala tree. The moment the crow lands on the branch a fruit from a higher branch falls and hits him on the head. One may think the bird's landing on the branch caused the fruit to fall, but that is not so. The two actions are not related. It is only a coincidence.

Text 50

maha-prabhavah sumaha-sahayah
kva yuyam uccais cira-baddha-mulah
kvayam kadambo dvija-vamsa jatas
tato 'pi bhih ko 'yam aho bhramas te

You are very powerful. You have many strong helpers. What is this new sprout of a brahmana boy in comparison to You whose roots are so old and firm? How did you become so bewildered to fear this boy?

Text 51

kalih: sakhe, yathartham akalaya,

svayam-prakasah kila kala-desa-
vayo-'nvayadau na hi sa-vyapekshah
udyata-matrah khalu bala-suryo
gadham tamaskandam apakaroti

Kali: Friend, hear the truth. Time, place, age, and family have no meaning to Him. He has come to this world of His own accord. Like a newly rising sun, He removes the blinding darkness.

Text 52

napy ayam asahayah, yatah khalu svavatarat purvam evayam avani-tale priya-parshada-nivahan avirbhavayam asa. tatha hi.

He is not without helpers. Before He Himself came He sent His dear associates to the earth.


Homepage


The Sun News Editorials Features Sun Blogs Classifieds Events Recipes PodCasts

About Submit an Article Contact Us Advertise HareKrsna.com

Copyright 2005, HareKrsna.com. All rights reserved.