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Illustrated Manuscript of Krishna Gopika

In addition to the Upanisads, Puranas, and Vedanta Sutra, an abundance of classical Vedic literatures have been produced. Several of these, which predate the appearance of Sri Krsna Caitanya, are give particular prominence by Gaudiya Vaisnavas.


The text of Brahma-Samhita (Hymns of Brahma), was discovered by Lord Caitanya Himself while he traveled in South India. Brahma-Samhita is understood to be the fifth chapter of the original Hymns of Brahma, comprised of one hundred chapters that were recited at the dawn of creation in praise of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Brahma-Samhita is an essential jewel among Vedic literatures because it contains the essence of all Vaisnava conclusions.

Gita Govinda

Gita Govinda (Song about Govinda) is a famous and most loved poem presenting the amorous pastimes of Srimati Radharani and Sri Krishna in the springtime. Along with the writings of Candidas and Vidyapati, Jayadeva's Gita Govinda was among the favorites of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu.


The Krishna-Karnamrta (Pleasure for Krishna's Ears) was composed by Srila Bilvamangala, whose writings were also favored by Lord Caitanya. Krishna-Karnamrta was commented on by Krishnadas Kaviraja. Some editions of this work include three sets of one hundred verses, but only the first set is unquestionably Bilvamangala's work.